Report Writing

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Report Writing

You must have come across news reports on some instances while reading the newspaper. They provide a succinct explanation of a topic or event, and they frequently give their analysis of the key problem. That is exactly what report writing entails. A report’s goal is to communicate precise and concise information to a specified audience or purpose. A report’s most important aspect is that it must be clear in its language while remaining focused on the goal. Many academic tasks involve students writing a report about a specific occurrence, and it is also a common question on school exams. This blog will walk you through the fundamentals of report writing, including the structure and practice themes.

Also Read: Message Writing

What is a Report?

A report is a short document written for a particular purpose or audience. It usually sets out and analyses a problem often recommended for future purposes. Requirements for the precise form of the report depend on the department and organization.

Major Types of Reports

While the most common type of reports corresponds to the ones we read in newspapers and magazines, there are other kinds of reports that are curated for business or research purposes. Here are the major forms of report writing which you must know about:

Newspaper or Magazine Reports

The main purpose of newspaper or magazine reports is to cover a particular event or happening. They generally elaborate upon the 4Ws and 1H, i.e. What, Where, When, Why, and How. The key elements of newspaper or magazine report writing are as follows:

  • Headline (Title)
  • Report’s Name, Place, and Date
  • Body
  • Conclusion (Citation of sources)

Here is an example of a news report:

Non-Fiction Newspaper or Magazine "Book" Report (Teaching With a Mountain  View) | Middle school reading, Teaching writing, Reading classroom

Credit: Pinterest

Business Reports

Business reports aim to analyze a situation or case study by implementing business theories and suggest improvements accordingly. In business report writing, you must adhere to a formal style of writing and these reports are usually lengthier than news reports since they aim to assess a particular issue in detail and provide solutions. The basic structure of business reports include:

  • Table of Contents
  • Executive summary
  • Body
  • Findings/Recommendations
  • Conclusion

Technical Reports

The main purpose of the technical report is to provide an empirical explanation of research-based material. Technical report writing is generally carried out by a researcher for scientific journals or product development and presentation, etc. A technical report mainly contains 

  • Title Page
  • Introduction
  • Summary
  • Experimental details
  • Results and discussions
  • Body (elaborating upon the findings)
  • Conclusion

Must Read: IELTS Writing Tips

What is Report Writing?

A report is a written record of what you’ve seen, heard, done, or looked into. It is a well-organized and methodical presentation of facts and results from an event that has already occurred. Reports are a sort of written assessment that is used to determine what you have learned through your reading, study, or experience, as well as to provide you hands-on experience with a crucial skill that is often used in the business.

Report Writing: Things to Keep in Mind

Before writing a report, there are certain things you must know to ensure that you draft a precise and structured report, and these points to remember are listed below:

  • Write a concise and clear title of the report.
  • Always use the past tense.
  • Don’t explain the issue in the first person, i.e. ‘I’ or ‘Me’. Always write in the third person.
  • Put the date, name of the place as well as the reporter’s name after the heading.
  • Structure the report by dividing it into paragraphs.
  • Stick to the facts and keep it descriptive.

Must Read: IELTS Sample Letters

Report Writing Formats

It is quintessential to follow a proper format in report writing to provide it with a compact structure. Business reports and technical reports don’t have a uniform structure and are generally based on the topic or content they are elaborating on. Let’s have a look at the proper format of report writing generally for news and magazines and the key elements you must add in a news report:

Title/Heading (Use a proper and creative and catchy heading related to the story)
Reported by (in newspaper terminology, this is known as a byline)PlaceDate
Introduction(Must be factual, crisp, and concise; It should generally cover the 4W and 1H of the topic, i.e. what, when, where, who, why & how)
Body of Content Explain, WHY the particular event or incident took place. Conduct meticulous research and gather all factual information related to the story. Here, the readers would want to know more about the event in detail.
ConclusionIn the conclusion part, the background information of the story is mentioned. If you are covering any event, you have the liberty to add the list of participants or attendees who thronged the event. 

Magazine vs Newspaper Report Writing Format

Magazine Report Newspaper Report
Heading Headline
Byline By Line (Along With The Designation)
Opening Paragraph Date And Place
Account Of The Event Opening Paragraph
Conclusion Account Of The Event And Witness Remarks
Conclusion

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Report Writing Format for Class 10th to 12th

The report writing structure for students in grades 10 and 12 is as follows.

  • Heading:  A title that expresses the contents of the report in a descriptive manner.
  • Byline: The name of the person who is responsible for drafting the report. It’s usually included in the query. Remember that you are not allowed to include any personal information in your response.
  •  (introduction): It The ‘5 Ws,’ or WHAT, WHY, WHEN, and WHERE, as well as WHO was invited as the main guest, might be included.
  • The account of the event in detail: The order in which events occurred, as well as their descriptions. It is the primary paragraph, and if necessary, it can be divided into two smaller paragraphs.
  • Conclusion: This will give a summary of the event’s conclusion. It might include quotes from the Chief Guest’s address or a summary of the event’s outcome.

Report Writing Example

FREE 34+ Sample Report Writing Format Templates in PDF

Credit: sampletemplates.com

Technical report writing

Credit: SlideShare

Report Writing for School Students: Practice Questions

Now that you are familiar with all the formats of report writing, here are some questions that you can practice to understand the structure and style of writing a report.

  • You are a student of Delhi Public School Srinagar handling a campus magazine in an editorial role. On the increasing level of global warming, write a report on the event for your school magazine. 
  • On the Jammu-Srinagar highway, a mishap took place, where a driver lost his control and skidded off in a deep gorge. Write a report on it and include all the necessary details and eyewitness accounts. 
  • As a reporter of Delhi times, you are assigned to report on the influx of migrants coming from other states of the country. Take an official statement to justify your report.
  • There is a cultural program in Central park Rajiv Chowk New Delhi. The home minister of India is supposed to attend the event apart from other delegates. Report the event within the 150-200 word limit. 
  • Write today’s trend of Covid 19 cases in India. As per the official statement. include all the necessary details and factual information. Mention the state with a higher number of cases so far.
  • In Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium New Delhi, a table tennis tournament was held between Delhi public school New Delhi and DPS Punjab. Report the event in 250-300 words.

Also Read: Formal Letter Format, Types & Samples

Report Writing Slideshare

Credits: Slideshare

Hopefully, this blog has helped you with a comprehensive understanding of report writing and its essential components. Aiming to pursue a degree in Writing? Sign up for an e-meeting with our experts at Leverage Edu and we will help you in selecting the best course and university as well as sorting the admission process to ensure that you get successfully shortlisted.

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