Grading System in India

6 minute read
Grading System in India

The primary objective of having a grading system is to assess the academic performance of a student. Used by schools all over the world, this technique is considered as the most viable medium to analyze a child’s grasping power and reciprocating abilities. Earlier, the Indian education system relied heavily on the percentage system to grade a student. But this process saw a paradigm shift since 2009. The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), a national level education board, decided to do away with the percentage system and made way for the grading mode. In this blog, we will discuss the reasons for introducing the grading system in India and the process followed to calculate the scores.

Why was the Grading System in India Introduced?

The grading system in India was introduced not only to match the international range of grades but to also take the load off from students. While the marks allotted in the age-old percentage system focused on the quantity, the scores obtained in the grading system are based on the student’s ability to understand the concepts. Following are the major reasons why a grading system became a necessity for formulating an effective education system in India.

1. The most important reason behind the introduction of grading system in India was to ease the examination-related pressure from the students. In this method, the student’s ability is tested not only based on academic performance but also on other activities like internal assignments, classroom projects, and answering ability. This helps mould students and make studies less monotonous. 

2. Since the students are grouped in different types of grading scales, it gives them an idea about their weaknesses and strengths. This not only allows teachers to focus more on the average and below-average students but also provides an opportunity for students to improve upon their weak points.  

3. The grading system in India also gives parents an opportunity to assess their child’s capabilities and find the aspects they need to focus on to help their child become better at studies. 

4. It ensures uniformity across schools and colleges both in India and abroad. 

5. As compared to the older version, the modernly updated grading system in India no longer allows classifying students solely based on marks.

6. It also provides students with the necessary educational prerequisites to mould themselves to become better versions of themselves. 

Understanding the Grading System in India

To comprehend the grading system in India, you must know about the grading standards of GPA and CGPA which have been explained in detail below.

What is GPA?

GPA stands for the Grade Point Average. It is a standard method of calculating a student’s average score obtained over a stipulated period i.e. a semester or a term. GPA is calculated by dividing the average points scored by a student with the total credit hours attended by the student.

What is CGPA?

CGPA stands for Cumulative Grade Point Average. An important grading system in India, CGPA is used to denote a student’s overall performance in an academic year. The mean GPA of the semesters is first calculated and then it is divided by the total number of credits. Both CGPA and GPA are indicated by a numeric value as opposed to the percentages and different grades that are assigned under the Indian grading system.

Conversion of Percentage to GPA

Below mentioned are the Indian school percentages as per the grading system in India and their US grade point equivalent scores. 

Conversion of GPA to 4.0 Scale

The formula for conversion of percentage to GPA on 4.0 as well as 10-point scale is as follows:

For U.S. 4.0 Scale, GPA = (Percentage/100)*4

For 10-point scale, GPA = Percentage/9.5

Types of Grading Scales in India

Most commonly, Indian schools, colleges and universities follow their own grading system, some adhering to percentage or 10-point grading scales for CGPA and GPA. Further, for those institutions following the percentage system for grading, the marks obtained during a particular time duration are converted into percentages and then divided into the following four divisions of ranks:

75% – Distinction
60-75% – 1st Division
50-60% – 2nd Division
40-50% – 3rd Division

Detailed Grading Scale in India

Along with this, the CGPA and GPA scales detailed in the above section corresponding to the grading systems in India are further put in comparison in the following table:

Grade GPA CGPA Percentage
A+ 4.0 10 97-100
A 4.0 9.7-10 93-96
A- 3.7 9.4-9.6 90-92
B+ 3.3 9.1-9.3 87-89
B 3.0 8.7-9.0 83-86
B- 2.7 8.4-8.6 80-82
C+ 2.3 8.1-8.3 77-79
C 2.0 7.6-8 73-76
C- 1.7 7.3-7.5 70-72
D+ 1.3 7.0-7.2 67-69
D 1.0 6.8-6.9 65-66
E/F 0.0 <6.7 Below 65

Grading System in India by CBSE

In 2010, CBSE introduced a new grading system in India for class X to XII students. This 9-point grading system allotted a grade on the basis of formative as well as summative assessments and corresponding to a range of marks.

Take a look at the CBSE grading system compared against the US Scale:

Grade Grade Point Marks Range US Grade
A1 10.0 91-100 A
A2 9.0 81-90 A
B1 8.0 71-80 B
B2 7.0 61-70 B
C1 6.0 51-60 C
C2 5.0 41-50 C
D 4.0 33-40 D
E1 & E2 0.0 21-32 F
CBSE Grading Scale

University Grading System in India

Universities are major contributors to higher education in India. The grading system of Indian universities is likely to vary across states. Private and public Indian universities also follow different grading patterns for evaluation. Here are some of the prominent institutes and their process of grading:

UGC Grade Scale

Marks (in %) Grade Point Grade
97.0-100 10 O
87.0-96.9 9.0-9.9 A+
77.0-86.9 8.0-8.9 A
67.0-76.9 7.0-7.9 B+
57.0-66.9 6.0-6.9 B
47.0-56.9 5.0-5.9 C
37.0-46.9 4.0-4.9 P
Below 37.0 0 F
Absent 0 Ab

Anna University Grade Scale

Marks (in %) Grade Point Grade
90-100 10 O
80-90 9 A+
70-80 8 A
60-70 7 B+
50-60 6 B
Less than 50% 0 RA
Short of Attendance 0 SA
Withdrew from exam 0 W

University of Madras Grade Scale

Marks (in%) Grade Point Grade
90-100 9.0-10.0 O
80-90 8.0-8.9 D+
75-79 7.5-7.9 D
70-74 7.0-7.49 A+
60-69 6.0-6.9 A
50-59 5.0-5.9 B
40-49 4.0-4.9 C
Less than 40 0 U
Absent 0 AAA

Indraprastha University Grade Scale

Marks (in %) Grade Point Grade
90–100 10 O
75–89 9 A+
65–74 8 A
55–64 7 B+
50–54 6 B
45–49 5 C
40–44 4 P
Less than 40or absent 0 F

Gujrat University Grade Scale

Marks (in %) Grade Point Grade
85-100 8.5 and above O+
70-84.99 7.0 to 8.49 O
60-69.99 6.0 to 6.99 A
55-59.99 5.5 to 5.99 B+
48-54.99 4.8 to 5.49 B
36-47.99 3.6 to 4.79 C
35.99 and below 3.59 and below D


Which grading system is used in India?

Typically, Indian universities employ a 10-point grading system (though some use a 4-point scale). The whole sum of your grades is divided by the total number of credits you have taken to determine your GPA. There will be a number between 0 and 10 as the outcome. Your grade point average is as follows.

What is a good GPA in India?

Most universities consider a GPA between 3.0 and 3.5 to be respectable. Most prestigious academic institutions demand GPAs of at least 3.5. You can still get admitted with a lower GPA, but you might not be qualified for scholarships.

What is GPA called in India?

In India, academic grades are determined using a percentage system and are referred to as GPA or CGPA.

Thus, continuous efforts are being made to revamp the educational system which is also visible in the changes made to the grading system in India. Calculating and mentioning the CGPA forms an integral part of the admission process. If you are confused about the application process of a particular university then you can feel free to contact Leverage Edu. The counsellors will help you complete the cumbersome process and help you get into your dream university. 

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