How to Become an Archaeologist?

How to Become an Archaeologist

Archaeology is the study of the ancient human past through the remains of the material. It is also a sub-disciple to anthropology, which is a study of varied human cultures. With so much deep history embedded in the earth, we need archaeologists to tell us about its history and how it happened. This blog will discuss how you can become an archaeologist?

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What is Archaeology?

Archaeology is the investigation of material developed by humans since man first walked the earth. An archaeologist has to study and recover ancient remains from various eras and times. Right from the time of dinosaurs that walked on the planet to the evolution of mankind. There are various specializations in the field of archaeology where people can build a career in. People study archaeology to know more about the past through skeletons, drawings, modes of communication, remains of mankind, and animals.

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Eligibility Criteria to become an Archaeologist

Wondering if you are eligible to become an archaeologist? Every university has a different set of eligibility criteria. Here are some of the common entry requirements to be fulfilled by every applicant:

  1. Around 45 – 50% of marks in Class 12 in any stream from a recognized board to take admission in an undergraduate course in History/ Archaeology/ Ancient History
  2. For a Master’s degree in Archaeology, you need to score at least 50% marks in UG degree. Some universities consider students from any stream for M.A. Archaeology course
  3. Some universities conduct entrance exams for the admission to M.A. Archaeology course. Students need to qualify for the entrance test to secure admission.

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How to Become an Archaeologist?

Here is the step-wise guide on how to become an archaeologist:

  1. To become an archaeologist, students need to plan their careers right from Class 12. Even though students from any stream in Class 12 are eligible to pursue courses in Archaeology, there are a set up of courses that will add an advantage
  2. There is no specific subject combination required in Class 12 to pursue a degree in Archaeology. However, the humanities stream will add more advantages
  3. Since a few colleges offer B.A. courses in Archaeology, you can also take up a B.A. course in Ancient History and later a Master’s course in Archaeology
  4. In some of the jobs like Marine Archaeologists, an engineering degree in Marine Engineering is prominent

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  1. Museum/ Gallery Exhibition Officer: this position helps to organize and plan permanent or travelling exhibitions. They also manage activities in a museum
  2. Urban Archaeologist: These archaeologists study the urban centres or cities
  3. Prehistoric Archaeologists: they study the human traditions associated with the prehistoric or historic era
  4. Palaeontology: Paleontologists study life forms that were there on the Earth before the advent of humans
  5. Marine Archaeologist: Marine Archaeologists study the remains of ships and research how cultures developed along the coastline
  6. Environmental Archaeologist: Studying the impact of the environment on the past societies and vice versa is done by an Environmental Archaeologist
  7. Lecturer: they are an expert in the field of Archaeology and teach students in universities or colleges

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Top Recruiters for Archaeologists

Most of the employment opportunities for Archaeologists are available in the government sector. The following are top government organizations in India that recruit archaeologists: 

  1. The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is the primary recruiter of archaeologists at both the central and state levels. The graduates can secure jobs in ASI by clearing the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) examination or State Public Service Commission (SPSC) exam
  2. The students who possess a postgraduate degree in Archaeology can apply for the post of lecturers/professors in various universities across the country. However, qualifying marks in the National Eligibility Test (NET) is mandatory to become a professor


There are certain skills required to become a good archaeologist. Some of them are mentioned below:

  1. Communication skills
  2. Patience
  3. Dedication
  4. Studious
  5. Team worker
  6. Problem solver
  7. Avid reader
  8. Attentive

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Top Colleges in India for Archaeology Courses

Various colleges in India offer a degree in archaeology. Some of the colleges are mentioned below:

  1. Banaras Hindu University
  2. University of madras
  3. University of Mysore
  4. Andhra university
  5. Visva Bharati University
  6. University of Calcutta

Top Colleges for Archaeology Courses Abroad

The top colleges to study Archaeology abroad are given below:

  1. University of Cambridge, UK
  2. University of Oxford, UK
  3. University College London (UCL), UK
  4. Durham University, UK
  5. Harvard University, USA
  6. University of California, Berkeley (UCB), US
  7. Stanford University, USA
  8. Leiden University, Netherlands
  9. University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), USA
  10. Sapienza University of Rome, Italy

BA Archaeology Syllabus

Here are some of the topics that will be covered in the BA archaeology course:

  1. Introduction to Ancient History, Culture, and Archaeology
  2. Prep and Proto History of India
  3. Political and Cultural History of North India (From Vedic to Mauryas Time)
  4. Political and Cultural History of North India (From Times of Sunga to the end of Kushana Period)
  5. Political and Cultural History of North India Post Kushana Period.
  6. Political and Cultural History of North India of Post Gupta Period
  7. Political and Cultural History of South India
  8. History of Sciences in Ancient India
  9. Ancient Indian Epigraphy and Numismatics
  10. Indian Cultural Contracts with Outside World
  11. Religion and Art

This was all about how to become an Archaeologist. If you want to fulfill your dream of pursuing a career in archaeology, then reach out to our Leverage Edu experts TODAY. Follow us on Instagram, Facebook, and LinkedIn for more content like this!

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