World Water Day

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world water day

The United Nations Water (UN Water) has observed that the world is currently lacking behind in achieving Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6), The United Nations Organisation (UNO) aims to “ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.” The negligence of governments and the human race in water conservation has led to the introduction of a global campaign ‘Be the Change’ by the UNO. Under this campaign, this global organisation asks each individual to use water in a sustainable manner and avoid water pollution at an individual level. This campaign is aligned with the theme of World Water Day 2023. This international day is observed on 22nd March of every year and is a reminder that governments and individuals must adopt innovative ways to overcome the water crisis and improve sanitation. 

As we are in the midst of a global crisis, we must be aware of the history of this day and align our actions with the theme of 2023. To improve the ways of water usage and sanitary practices we must know about certain alarming facts and take action accordingly. Keep reading the blog to become aware of these details and do your part in achieving SDG 6. 

World Water Day History

In 1992, the  United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) declared 22nd March as World Day for Water through a resolution (A/RES/47/193). The resolution stated that from 1993 onwards, this day will be observed as World Water Day under the observation of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). UNESCO organises and oversees several Intergovernmental Hydrological Programmes (IHP) throughout the world to help countries in the effective management of water resources. 

According to the resolution, every member state of the United Nations needs to launch public awareness programmes to impart knowledge about the depleting water resources and ways to use water resources sustainably. Additionally, the member nations are also required to conduct and attend roundtable discussions, expositions, and seminars on the development and protection of water resources.

Also Read: International Day of Women and Girls in Science 

World Water Day Theme 2023

As World Day for Water is an awareness and observance day, the United Nations (UN) attaches a theme to this day every year. The theme for this year is: “Accelerating Change”. In 2023, the global water conservation campaign by UNESCO is designed around this theme. This year, this UN organisation has asked people to ‘Be the Change’ and use water wisely and sustainably. UNESCO’s campaign will be an addendum to the Water Action Agenda of the UNO, which will be launched at the UN 2023 Water Conference. This conference will be held on 22nd March 2023 to unite the entire world around water.  

Must Know Facts

Water is the lifeline of planet Earth. Humans, plants, and animals survive on this quintessential commodity. However, over the years, we humans have failed to conserve water resources, owing to which a huge chunk of the global population is deprived of one of the most basic necessities of life. Here are some alarming facts that have become a cause of concern for us:

  • According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), in 2022, the lives of 74 million human beings were shortened due to water-related diseases, poor sanitation, and hygiene.
  • In 2022, the WHO stated that 1.4 million human lives are lost each year due to water-borne diseases.
  • As per the WHO and United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) report of 2021, 1 in 4 people, which is nearly 2 billion people, did not have access to safe drinking water.
  • The United Nations (UN) Water Report 2021 promulgated that the wastewater of 44% of global households was not treated safely.
  • In 2012, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) projected that the global water demand will increase by 55% by 2050.
water day fact
water fact

Also Read: World NGO Day

How Can We Help?

According to the United Nations Organisation (UNO), the world population will reach around 9.8 billion by 2050 and 10.4 billion by 2100. This surge in population will amplify the demand for water exponentially. With depleting water resources, it has become essential to conserve water at an individual level. Here are some useful tips to ensure the availability of clean water for human consumption:

  • Save water during daily activities like showering, bathing, cooking, brushing your teeth, and doing dishes.
  • Consume seasonal food items and focus on the consumption of food products that require less water in preparation.
  • Keep an eye out for leaking taps and water pipes and get them fixed immediately.
  • Ensure timely emptying of septic tanks.
  • Share water fetching responsibilities among male members and female members of the household.
  • Visit a water treatment plant and learn wastewater management at the household level.
  • Write to the elected representative of your constituency regarding water management and water pressure in your area. Ask them to allocate a considerable budget to water conservation and reuse. 
  • Become an active participant in river, wetlands, beach, and lakes clean-up drives in your locality. 

UNESCO Water Conservation Initiatives

As UNESCO is the observer of World Water Day, it undertakes numerous initiatives to conserve water and impart public awareness about the sustainable use of water. Mentioned below are the primary water conservation initiatives of UNESCO:

  • Water Security
  • Intergovernmental Hydrological Programme (IHP)
  • UN World Water Development Report
  • World Water Assessment Programme (WWAP)

Read: National Women and Girls HIV and AIDS Awareness Day

FAQs

Why is World Water Day celebrated?

This day is celebrated to conserve water resources and use water in a sustainable manner. This day is an attempt to bring world leaders and the global population together to become agents of change to deal with water scarcity and sanitation issues. 

What is the theme of World Water Day 2023?

The theme for this year is “Accelerating Change”. The UN asks the entire population to become active agents of change in solving water crises and sanitation problems. 

Who declared World Day for Water?

In 1992, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) declared that from 1993, 22nd March will be observed as the World Day for Water. 

This was all about World Day for Water. For more such interesting blogs, stay tuned to Wings by Leverage Edu

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