Where Does the Indian Constitution Draw Heavily From? Find Out Here

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Indian Constitution Draw Heavily From

The Constitution of India is the pillar or the backbone of the democracy of India. The making of the Constitution was formulated by the Constituent Assembly and adopted on 26th November 1949. But it came into effect on 26th January 1950. Since the constitution was adopted on 26th November, this day is celebrated as Constitution Day or Samvidhan Divas or can be also known as “ National Law Day”. In this blog, we will know the sources from which the Indian Constitution draw heavily from.

Indian Constitution is the longest handwritten constitution in the world and was calligraphed in both Hindi and English by Prem Behari Narain Razada. To complete the process it took around 2 years, 11 months and 18 days. The Constitution originally had 395 articles but has now increased to 470 articles, 12 schedules and 25 parts. However, there have been in total 105 important amendments so far.

Also Read – 11 Features of Democracy in India

When we talk about our constitution, the articles of the constitution are a patchwork. They were borrowed from various sources which are varied and diverse and reflect the long history of India. Major leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and B. R Ambedkar played a significant role in shaping the Constitution. The sources from which Indian Constitution Draw Heavily From are-

  1. Government of India Act, 1935 – Before independence, this act was the major constitutional document which was enacted by the British Parliament for India. Many features of the constitution were taken from this act including the division of power between the central and state governments.
  1. British Constitutional Law – Since the Britishers ruled India for over 200 years, features like the rule of law, the principles of democracy, parliamentary sovereignty and the Westminster system of government are borrowed from the British constitution.
  1. Indian Independence Act of 1947 – The adaptation of the Constitution of India came from this act which ruled out that there would be two Dominions, India and Pakistan. Thus rolling out features of freedom and liberty. 

Also Read – Important Articles in Indian Constitution [Complete List]

  1. Constitutions of different Countries – The Indian constitution draws heavily from various countries like the United States, Great Britain, Australia, Canada, etc. The Constitution took inspiration from these countries and has imparted them into our constitution. Some major features that were borrowed include – 
Government of India Act, 1935Judiciary
Federal Scheme
Office of Governor
Administrative Details
Public Service CommissionEmergency Provisions
U.S. ConstitutionJudicial Review
Fundamental Rights
Removal of Supreme Court and High Court Judges
Independence of Judiciary
Post of Vice-President
Impeachment of the President
Constitution of AustraliaJoint sitting of the two houses of Parliament.
Concurrent List
Freedom of Trade, Commerce and Intercourse
Constitution of CanadaVesting of residuary powers in the center
Advisory Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
Federation with a strong centre
Appointment of State Government by the centre
Constitution of U.K.Writs
Parliamentary Government
Single Citizenship
Cabinet System
Rule of Law
Parliamentary Privileges
Legislative Procedure
Constitution of JapanThe procedure established by the Law
Russia (Soviet Union), (USSR) ConstitutionIdeals of Justice in the Preamble (Political, Social and Economic)
Fundamental Duties
Constitution of FranceIdeals of equality, liberty and fraternity in the preamble.
Constitution of GermanyDuring the Emergency, the suspension of Fundamental Rights 
Constitution of South AfricaElection of the members of the Rajya Sabha
Procedure for Amendment in the Indian Constitution.
Constitution of IrelandNomination of members to Rajya Sabha
Directive Principles of State Policies (DPSP)
Method of Election of the President.

The Indian Constitution was a by-product which included its lessons and legacy from the Report of the Simon Commission, discussions of the Third Round Table Conference, and Joint Select Committees all included in the Government of India Act, 1935. Thus elaborating the needs and aspirations of the Indian Population and for incorporating the leader’s vision of future India in the present Constitution the Indian Constitution draw heavily from others.

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What is the main source of the Indian Constitution?

The Indian Constitution of 1950 was influenced by the Government of India Act 1935. This earlier act helped shape the Constitution. It is considered important to the Constitution’s creation.

Who drew the Indian Constitution?

The original Constitution of India was handwritten by a man named Prem Behari Narain Raizada (also known as Saxena). Raizada spent six months in the Constitution Hall (now the Constitution Club) carefully writing each of the 395 articles, 8 schedules, and a preamble in both English and Hindi.

When was the Constitution of India drawn?

India’s government is guided by the Constitution of India. The Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution on November 26, 1949, and it became effective on January 26, 1950. The Constitution establishes a federal structure with some unitary characteristics and a parliamentary government.

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