What are The Fundamental Rights?

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What are The Fundamental Rights?

According to Indian Constitution, 6 fundamental rights are Right to Equality, the Right to Freedom, Right against exploitation, Right to Freedom of Religion, Educational and Cultural Rights, and Right to Constitutional Remedies. These rights are protected by the Supreme Court of India. Every citizen of India gets these rights by the time they become a citizen of the country.

6 Fundamental Rights of India

We have mentioned the fundamental rights given to Indian citizens according to the constitution of India.

Fundamental Rights of India Articles of Constitution
Right to Equality Articles 14 to 18
Right to Freedom Articles 19 to 22
Right Against Exploitation Articles 23 to 24
Right to Freedom of Religion Articles 25 to 28
Cultural and Educational Rights Articles 29 to 30
Right to Constitutional Remedies Article 32

Earlier, the Right to property was part of fundamental rights but it was removed after the 44th constitutional amendment act of 1978. This right is now part of legal rights. Below, we have mentioned the rights with an explanation.

Right to Equality

  • Article 14- Equal protection of laws and Equality before the law. 
  • Article 15- Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, caste, sex, place of birth or race. 
  • Article 16- Equality of opportunity in terms of public employment. 
  • Article 17- Abolition of untouchability and prohibition of its practice. 
  • Article 18- Abolition of titles except military and academic.

Right to Freedom

  • Article 19- Protection of six rights regarding freedom of speech and expression, assembly,  residence, and profession.
  • Article 20- Protection in a conviction for offences.
  • Article 21- Protection of life and personal liberty.
  • Article 22- Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.

Right Against Exploitation

  • Prohibition of Human Trafficking and Forced Labour
  • Prohibition of Child Labour

Right to Freedom of Religion

Freedom of conscience and free profession, managing religious affairs, and attending religious instruction or worship in certain educational institutions.

Cultural and Educational Rights

  • Protection of language, script and culture of minorities.
  • Right of Minorities to Establish and Administer Educational Institutions.

Right to Constitutional Remedies

  • This right allows citizens to knock on the door of the supreme court of India for justice.
  • Empowers the Parliament of India to make fundamental rights.

Also Read: The Tropic of Cancer Passes Through How Many States in India?


What are The Fundamental Rights?

There are 6 fundamental rights that empower Indian citizens. The right to equality, Right to Freedom, Right Against Exploitation, Right to Freedom of Religion, Cultural and Educational Rights, and Right to constitutional remedies are rights given by Indian Constitution.

Also Read: Who is The First Woman President of India?


Who protects fundamental rights?

The Supreme Court of India protects the fundamental rights given to Indian Citizens.

What are the 6 fundamental rights?

(1) Right to Equality
(2) Right to Freedom
(3) Right against Exploitation
(4) Right to Freedom of Religion 
(5) Cultural and Educational Rights
(6) Right to Constitutional Remedies

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