Who Wrote the Constitution of India?

2 minute read

The Indian Constitution is the longest-written constitution amongst any other sovereign nation in the world. It provides the Indian government with a comprehensive framework to govern and guide the country while keeping in mind the cultural, social, and religious diversity that stands as the most unique feature of this country. In this short article, we will read about who wrote the constitution of India, its area of implementation, and its unique features. 

About the Indian Constitution

The Constitution of India is a long distinctive document that has many extraordinary features. 

The original text, which came into effect on January 26, 1950, had 395 articles divided into 22 parts and eight schedules. We celebrate the day that the Indian constitution came into effect each year as Republic Day. The number of articles in our constitution from that day has gone up to 448 with about 100 amendments to this document.

The constitution establishes the main organs of government, ie legislature, executive, and judiciary, and also defines their powers and responsibilities. It lays down the basic structure of governance and defines the relationship of the government with its people. The text also spells out the rights and duties of the Indian citizens. This text is considered the mother of all the other laws that are enacted in our country. Every law enacted by the Government of India has to be in conformity with the Constitution.

Who Wrote the Indian Constitution?

The Indian Constitution was framed under the watch of the Constituent Assembly of India which was established by the members of the provincial assemblies elected by the Indian citizen. The first president of the Constituent Assembly was Dr Sachidanand Sinha. But if you ask who wrote the constitution of India then Dr BR Ambedkar who was the chairman of its Drafting Committee was known to be the chief architect of the Indian Constitution. He was considered to provide the Constitution a comprehensive and dynamic framework that guided governing the country while also keeping in mind its unique cultural, social, and religious diversity.

Who Wrote the Constitution of India by Hand?

Prem Behari Narain Raizada was the calligrapher who wrote the Constitution of India. The original text was handwritten by him where he used a flowing italic style. Later, this original text was decorated and beautified by artists from Shantiniketan which included Beohar Rammanohar Sinha and Nand Lal Bose. 

The calligrapher of the Hindi version of the original text was carried out by Vasant Krishnan Vaidya. While it was decorated and illuminated by Nand Lal Bose.

GK Quiz


#1. Who is known as the chief architect of the Indian Constitution?

#2. How many articles does the Indian Constitution have?

#3. Who was the first calligrapher who wrote the Constitution of India (English Version)?


Hope you enjoyed reading about who wrote the Constitution of India. If you want to binge on more facts like this, you can turn to our general knowledge page. Alternatively, you can also check out our blog on general knowledge for competitive exams here! Keep learning!   

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