National Constitution Day popularly known as Samvidhan Diwas is celebrated on 26 November annually to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India. Dr Bhimroa Ramji Amdebkar, who was the Minister of Law and Justice, presented the draft of the Constitution of India on 4 November 1948 in the Constituent Assembly. The Constitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950. The Indian constitution serves as the law of the country and consists of fundamental rights and duties as well as an official structure of the government. Continue reading to learn more about National Constitution Day, its date, history, and significance!
Also Read: The Making of the Indian Constitution
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When is Constitution Day Celebrated in India?
Source: StudyIQ IAS
The National Constitution Day is celebrated on 26 November every year to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India drafted by Dr BR Ambedkar. In 2015, the Government of India declared 26 November officially as the Constitution Day.
At that time, the Government was led by the BJP party and the Hon’ble Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi. He announced that 26 November would be celebrated as National Constitution Day while he laid the foundation stone of the statue of Dr BR Ambedkar in Mumbai. The Gazette released the official notification regarding this special day on 19 November.
The First Constitution Day of India was celebrated on 26 November 2015, after its declaration on 19 November 2015.
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Why is 26 November Celebrated as Constitution Day in India?
India celebrates Constitution Day on 26 November because, on 26 November 1949, Dr BR Ambedkar presented the final draft of the Constitution in the Constituent Assembly. The Constitution came into effect on Republic Day i.e. on 26 January 1950.
Since then, every year Constitution Day is celebrated on 26 November. This day is celebrated to acknowledge the people who drafted the Indian Constitution.
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What is the Significance of the Constitution Day?
Constitution Day is celebrated to commemorate the adoption of the Indian Constitution. This day marks the victory of Indian Democracy. The Constitution of India inspires future generations to make a more just, and equitable India. It serves as a guiding document for National Unity and Integrity. The fundamental rights of Indian citizens are included in the constitution and it also forms the basis structure of the Government of India.
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Preamble of the Constitution of India
WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.
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As per Indian history, Dr Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar is known as the Father of the Indian Constitution as he presented the final draft of the Indian Constitution in the Constituent Assembly as the Minister of Law and Justice.
The Government of India declared 26 November to be celebrated as the National Constitution Day on 19 November 2015 by a gazette notification. The declaration of this day was done by the Prime Minister of India Hon’ble Narendra Modi on 15 October 2015 while he was laying the foundation stone of the Statue of Equality i.e. Dr BR Ambedkar in Mumbai.
We celebrate the Constitution Day on 26 November.
The famous National Slogan of Constitution Day is “Satyamev Jayate” and “Truth Always Wins”.