What are Fundamental Duties?

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What are Fundamental Duties?

Fundamental Duties are the duties of the citizen towards their country. They ensure law, order and social transformation of the country. In the year 1976, the Swaran Singh Committee suggested incorporating the fundamental duties in the constitution of India. The idea for these came from the Russian constitution. 

Swaran Singh; a committee named after him suggested the incorporation of Fundamental Duties
Swaran Singh. Source: India Today


Fundamental duties were written in Part IV-A of the Indian Constitution. The 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1976 led to the incorporation of the Duties. Moreover, all the Fundamental Duties of Indian citizens are mentioned under Article 51A. Additionally, these Fundamental Duties proved helpful for the government to maintain order during the Emergency from 1975 to 1977. Initially, there were 10 Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution, which were increased to 11 in the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act of 2002.

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List of Fundamental Duties

Here is the list of the 11 Duties that are to be followed by every citizen of India as per our Indian Constitution: 

Part IVA- Fundamental Duties- Article 51A 
1To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem.
2To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.
3To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
4To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.
5To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.
6To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.
7To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife, and to have compassion for living creatures.
8To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform.
9To safeguard public property and to abjure violence.
10To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement.
11To provide opportunities for education to his child or ward between the ages of six and fourteen years. (added by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2002; came into force in 2010).
List of Fundamental Duties

Also Read: Important Articles in Indian Constitution [Complete List]

Significance of Fundamental Duties

There’s more to the Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution than just reminding the citizens of their duties towards their country. Moreover, here are some points to highlight the significance of the fundamental duties in India:

  • It constantly reminds the citizens to maintain democratic conduct and not misuse their Fundamental Rights.  
  • Additionally, the Duties also keep in check the anti-social activities among the citizens that destroy the spirit of the society. 
  • Fundamental duties also guarantee a sense of discipline and commitment towards the country and realising national goals. 
  • Consequently, these also help to determine the constitutional validity of the law when it is taken to the court for review. 

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Lastly, we hope you liked our blog and gained an understanding of the Fundamental Duties. Moreover, you may even read more blogs and empower yourself with knowledge regarding Civics and Polity!

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