AIDS also known as Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is one of the most life-threatening conditions. The causative organism for AIDS is the HIV Virus. This disease is the last stage of the HIV-induced infection. The causative germ for AIDS attacks the immune system of the body and reduces the ability of the body to fight any type of infection. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus are the two species of Lentivirus belonging to the family Retroviridae and Genus Lentivirus. HIV can spread through the exchange of body fluids. Here is an informative article on the causative germ for AIDS and how this disease is transmitted!
HIV: The Causative Organism for AIDS
HIV Virus is a deadly virus that attacks the body’s immune system and destroys the defence system’s ability to fight back any infection. HIV can be treated with the help of proper medication but if it is left untreated then, it causes AIDS. According to HIV.org, HIV can progress through three stages.
Common Symptoms of AIDS
Here are some common symptoms of AIDS:
- Sudden Weight Loss
- Night Sweats
- Sore Throat, sores in mouth, anus, and genitals
- Swelling of Lymph Nodes
- Skin Rashes
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How is this Disease Transmitted?
HIV, the causative agent of AIDS can be transmitted through the exchange of body fluids like blood, vaginal fluids, or semen. Therefore AIDS/HIV can be transmitted through a lactating mother to babies, through sexual intercourse, using syringes or any other medical tool, and through contaminated blood transfusion.
After the entry of the HIV Virus into the body it keeps on dividing leading to difficulty in preventing the progression of the disease. The virus multiplies and attacks the immune system of the body and deteriorates the ability of the body to fight against infection.
Also Read: Human Body Systems
Preventive Measures of AIDS/HIV
As per the medical history, there is no cure for AIDS/HIV but it can be treated with the help of medication and proper care.
Here are some preventive measures for AIDS/HIV:
- Use protection during sex.
- Avoid using used needles.
- Book a slot for HIV or Sexually Transmitted Infections.
- Consider an HIV test during pregnancy to make sure that if you are infected then the disease does not get transmitted to the foetus.
- Avoid misusing any drugs and alcohol. If you are on medication, then follow the prescription carefully.
- Use a sterilized needle or any other medical tools.
The causative agent of AIDS is HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus).
HIV Virus can be transmitted through blood transfusion, placenta, used needles, and sexual intercourse. Thus, HIV/AIDS can be transmitted through the exchange of body fluids.
HIV is a retrovirus that contains single-stranded RNA as the genetic material that multiplies and eventually causes AIDS.