dulingo

30+ Questions of Cause and Effect Reasoning

13 minute read
10 shares

Cause and Effect Reasoning questions are an important part of the quantitative aptitude section in different exams like Banking, UPSC, Management, and Others. They hold a majority of the marks in the examinations.

Cause and Effect Reasoning Problems are asked in exams like:

  1. UPSC
  2. RBI
  3. SSC
  4. SBI PO
  5. SBI Clerk
  6. IBPS PO
  7. IBPS Clerk

To secure those marks, you need to master the skill to solve cause-and-effect reasoning questions. Today in this blog, we will dive deep into the various methods to master the skills to solve the cause and effect reasoning questions. Along with that, we will also provide more than 20 questions to help you practice them. Without any further delay, let’s get started directly with the article.

What is Cause and Effect? What are Cause and Effect Problems? 

The Cause and Effect are a type of question that implicates the direct relationship between any two events. It depicts the effects that can a sentence have because of some causes.

These problems are these sentences that give proofs and states about the causes and effects of any event.

Also Read: Analytical Reasoning For Competitive Exams

Basic Level Questions on Cause and Effect Reasoning

Question: What is the effect of regular exercise on overall health?

a) Improved immune system

b) Increased stress levels

c) Enhanced sleep deprivation

Answer: a) Improved immune system

Question: How does excessive sugar intake affect dental health?

a) Stronger teeth

b) Increased risk of cavities

c) Improved gum health

Answer: b) Increased risk of cavities

Question: What is the cause of deforestation?

a) Increased tree planting initiatives

b) Expansion of agriculture and logging

c) Strict environmental regulations

Answer: b) Expansion of agriculture and logging

Question: How does smoking tobacco impact respiratory health?

a) Improved lung function

b) Increased risk of lung cancer and respiratory diseases

c) Enhanced oxygen intake

Answer: b) Increased risk of lung cancer and respiratory diseases

Question: What is the effect of a balanced diet on weight management?

a) Weight gain

b) Weight loss

c) No impact on weight

Answer: c) No impact on weight

Question: How does the lack of sleep affect cognitive function?

a) Improved memory and concentration

b) Impaired decision-making and memory

c) Enhanced problem-solving skills

Answer: b) Impaired decision-making and memory

Question: What is the cause of climate change?

a) Natural weather patterns

b) Human activities, such as burning fossil fuels

c) Increased plant growth

Answer: b) Human activities, such as burning fossil fuels

Question: How does technology addiction impact mental health?

a) Improved social skills

b) Increased risk of anxiety and depression

c) Enhanced overall well-being

Answer: b) Increased risk of anxiety and depression

Question: What is the effect of a high-stress lifestyle on cardiovascular health?
a) Lower blood pressure

b) Increased risk of heart diseases

c) Improved circulation

Answer: b) Increased risk of heart diseases

Question: How does education level influence economic success?

a) No correlation with income

b) Higher education linked to higher income

c) Lower education linked to higher income

Answer: b) Higher education linked to higher income

Question: What is the effect of pollution on aquatic ecosystems?

a) Increased biodiversity

b) Decline in water quality and aquatic life

c) Improved fish populations

Answer: b) Decline in water quality and aquatic life

Question: How does access to clean water impact public health?

a) Increased incidence of waterborne diseases

b) Improved overall health

c) No impact on health

Answer: b) Improved overall health

Question: What is the cause of the ozone layer depletion?

a) Greenhouse gas emissions

b) Preservation efforts

c) Reduced industrial activities

Answer: a) Greenhouse gas emissions

Question: How does positive reinforcement affect behavior?

a) Increased likelihood of repeated behavior

b) Decreased motivation

c) No impact on behavior

Answer: a) Increased likelihood of repeated behavior

Question: What is the effect of social media on interpersonal relationships?

a) Improved communication skills

b) Increased social isolation

c) Enhanced face-to-face interactions

Answer: b) Increased social isolation

Question: How does a healthy work-life balance impact job satisfaction?

a) Decreased job satisfaction

b) Increased job satisfaction

c) No impact on job satisfaction

Answer: b) Increased job satisfaction

Question: What is the cause of the rising global population?

a) Declining birth rates

b) Improved healthcare and sanitation

c) Increased mortality rates

Answer: b) Improved healthcare and sanitation

Question: How does financial literacy impact personal finance management?

a) Increased debt

b) Improved financial decision-making

c) No impact on financial management

Answer: b) Improved financial decision-making

Question: What is the effect of increased CO2 levels on climate change?

a) Cooling of the Earth’s atmosphere

b) Warming of the Earth’s atmosphere

c) No impact on climate

Answer: b) Warming of the Earth’s atmosphere

Question: How does gender inequality impact societal progress?

a) Accelerates progress

b) Hampers progress

c) No impact on progress

Answer: b) Hampers progress

Question: What is the effect of a sedentary lifestyle on physical health?

a) Improved cardiovascular health

b) Increased risk of obesity and related diseases

c) Enhanced muscle strength

Answer: b) Increased risk of obesity and related diseases

Question: How does access to education influence social mobility?

a) Decreases social mobility

b) Increases social mobility

c) No impact on social mobility

Answer: b) Increases social mobility

Question: What is the cause of economic recessions?

a) Increased consumer spending

b) Reduced government spending

c) Financial crises and market downturns

Answer: c) Financial crises and market downturns

Question: How does proper waste disposal impact environmental conservation?

a) Increases pollution

b) Preserve ecosystems

c) No impact on the environment

Answer: b) Preserves ecosystems

Question: What is the effect of peer pressure on adolescent behavior?

a) Positive influence

b) Negative influence

c) No impact on behaviorAnswer: b) Negative influence

Advanced Level Questions on Cause and Effect Reasoning

Q1: I. The Importance of Yoga and exercise is being realized by all sections of society.

II. There is an increasing awareness about health in society particularly among middle ages groups of people.

A) Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.

B) Statement II is the cause and Statement I is its effect.

C) Both the statements I and II are independent causes.

D) Both statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Answer. B

Q2: I. The vegetable prices in the local market have increased manifold during the past few days.

II. Incessant rains have created flood-like situations in most rural parts of the State.

A) Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.

B) Statement II is the cause and Statement I is its effect.

C) Both the statements I and II are independent causes.

D) Both statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Answer. B

Q3: Effect: The temple at the religious site wears a deserted look with the number of devotees trickling down.

Which of the following can be a possible cause of the above effect?

A) A structural engineer had visited the temple a month back and declared the structure unsafe

B) The temple is facing a drastic depletion of its funds which had accumulated over the years due to offerings made by devotees

C) The local corporation decided to donate a huge amount of money to the temple for its renovation

D) The village housing the religious site has qualified priests to perform religious ceremonies

Answer. A

Q4: I. Rural and semi-urban areas in the country have been suffering due to load shedding for quite some time.

II. If the Government is not able to overcome the power crisis, load shedding will be extended even to the urban areas.

A) Statement I is the cause and Statement II is its effect

B) Statement II is the cause and Statement I is its effect

C) Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

D) Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Answer. D

Q5: Cause: Govt has recently decided to hike the procurement price of paddy for the rabi crops.

Which of the following will be a possible effect of the above cause?

A) The farmers may be encouraged to cultivate paddy for the rabi season

B) The farmers may switch over to other cash crops in their paddy fields

C) There was a drop in the production of paddy during the Kharif season

D) Govt may not increase the procurement price of paddy during the next Kharif season

Answer. A

Directions to Solve Questions 6-10

In each question below, you have two statements, I and II. These statements can either be reasons for something happening, results of different reasons, or both happening because of a common reason. Your job is to read both statements and choose the right answer from these options:

(A) If statement I is the reason, and statement II is the result.

(B) If statement II is the reason, and statement I is the result.

(C) If both statements I and II are separate reasons.

(D) If both statements I and II are results of different reasons.

(E) If both statements I and II are results of the same reason.

Q6: Statements:

I. The prices of food grains and other essential commodities in the open market have risen sharply during the past three months.

II. The political opposition party has given a call for a general strike to protest against the government’s economic policy.

(A) Statement I is the cause and Statement II is its effect.

(B) Statement II is the cause and Statement I is its effect.

(C) Both the statements I and II are independent causes.

(D) Both statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

(E) Both statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Answer. A

Q7: Statements:

I. The Government has decided to hold a single entrance test for admission to all the medical colleges in India.

II. The State Government has debarred students from other States to apply for seats in the medical colleges in the State.

(A) Statement I is the cause and Statement II is its effect.

(B) Statement II is the cause and Statement I is its effect.

(C) Both the statements I and II are independent causes.

(D) Both statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

(E) Both statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Answer. E

Q8: Statements:

I. The employees of the biggest bank in the country have been given an indefinite strike call starting from the third of the next month.

II. The employees of the Central Government have withdrawn their week-long demonstrations.

(A) Statement I is the cause and Statement II is its effect.

(B) Statement II is the cause and Statement I is its effect.

(C) Both the statements I and II are independent causes.

(D) Both statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

(E) Both statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Answer. D

Q9: Statements:

I. The farmers have decided against selling their Kharif crops to Government agencies.

II. The Government has reduced the procurement price of Kharif crops starting from the last month to the next six months.

(A) Statement I is the cause and Statement II is its effect.

(B) Statement II is the cause and Statement I is its effect.

(C) Both the statements I and II are independent causes.

(D) Both statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

(E) Both statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Answer. B

Q10: Statements:

I. Large number of Primary Schools in rural areas are run by only one teacher.

II. There has been a huge dropout from primary schools in rural areas.

(A) Statement I is the cause and Statement II is its effect.

(B) Statement II is the cause and Statement I is its effect.

(C) Both the statements I and II are independent causes.

(D) Both statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

(E) Both statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Answer. A

Directions to Solve Questions 11-15

In the questions 11-15, you’ll see two statements, I and II. They might be related, they might not be. They could both be caused by something else or just happen separately. For each question, look at both statements and choose your answer accordingly.

Q 11: Statements

I. The prices of petrol and diesel in the domestic market have remained unchanged for the past few months.

II. The crude oil prices in the international market have gone up substantially in the last few months.

(A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effects.

(B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effects.

(C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes.

(D) If both statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

(E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Answer. D

Q 12: Statements

I. The literacy rate in the district has been increasing for the last four years.

II. The district administration has conducted extensive training programs for the workers involved in the literacy drive.

(A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effects.

(B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effects.

(C) If both statements I and II are independent causes.

(D) If both statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

(E) If both statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Answer. B

Q 13: Statements

I. Majority of the students in the college expressed their opinion against the college authority’s decision to break away from the university and become autonomous.

II. The university authorities have expressed their inability to provide grants to its constituent colleges.

(A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effects.

(B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effects.

(C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes.

(D) If both statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

(E) If both statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Answer. B

Also Read: Competitive Exams Preparation – Tips & Tricks to Crack the Exam

Q 14: Statements

I. There is a sharp decline in the production of oil seeds this year.

II. The Government has decided to increase the import quantum of edible oil.

(A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effects.

(B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effects.

(C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes.

(D) If both statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

(E) If both statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Answer. A

Q 15: Statements

I. The performance of most of the students in the final exam of class X in the schools run by the Government was excellent.

II. Many teachers of the Government schools left the school and joined private schools.

(A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effects.

(B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effects.

(C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes.

(D) If both statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

(E) If both statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Answer. D

Q 16: Who has the best overall health?

(A) a person who exercises regularly and is not overweight

(B) a person who is not ill and is physically active

(C) a person who lives longer than his or her grandparents

(D) a person who balances social, physical, and mental health

Answer. D

Q17: An assertion(A) and a reason(R) are given below.

Assertion (A): Plants convert light energy into chemical energy during the process of photosynthesis.

Reason (R): Sugar produced from photosynthesis by plants is used by human beings as a source of energy.

Choose the correct option.

(A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

(B) Both A and R are true and R is not the correct explanation of A

(C) A is true, but R is false

(D) A is false, but R is true

Answer. B

Q18: A: The Government has decided to roll back the hike in the prices of cooking gas and kerosene

B: Some ministers had resigned in protest against the hike in prices of cooking gas and other petroleum products. 

(A) If ‘A’ is the effect and ‘B’ is its immediate and principal cause.

(B) If ‘A’ is the immediate and principal cause and ‘B’ is its effect

(C) If ‘A’ is an effect but ‘B’ is not its immediate and principal cause

(D) If ‘B’ is an effect but ‘A’ is not its immediate and principal cause

Answer. B

Q19: Cause: A severe cyclonic storm swept away most parts of the state during the last two days.

Which of the following cannot be a possible effect of the above cause?

(A) Heavy rainfall was reported in most parts of the state during the last two days

(B) Many people were rendered homeless as their houses were flown away

(C) The communication system of the state was severely affected and continues to be out of gear

(D) Govt has ordered that all the offices and schools should be kept open

Answer. D

Q20: Here are some words translated from an artificial language.

briftamint means ‘militant’

uftonel means ‘occupied’

uftonalene means ‘occupation’

Which word could mean “Occupant”?

(A) elamint

(B) briftalene

(C) uftonamint

(D) elbrifta

Answer. C

Master the Skills to Solve Cause and Effect Reasoning Questions

With the help of the following tips, you will be able to easily solve the cause-and-effect reasoning questions.

  • Study the question 2-3 times to solve it without much effort.
  • Maintain proper connections between the questions provided.
  • Eliminate the irrelevant information from the statements.
  • Make use of common-sense reasoning. 
  • You can also try reversing the cause and effect to see if it still holds the truth.
20+ Questions of Logical Problems ReasoningBlood Relation Reasoning Questions | Verbal Reasoning
45+ Questions of Letter and Symbol Series with AnswersBlood Relation Reasoning Questions | Verbal Reasoning
Series Completion Reasoning | Verbal Reasoning |Types of Reasoning Questions in Competitive Exams
Questions of Direction Sense Test Reasoning | Verbal Reasoning20+ Questions of Arithmetic Reasoning | Verbal Reasoning
Series Completion Reasoning | Verbal Reasoning |Types of Reasoning Questions in Competitive Exams
Questions of Direction Sense Test Reasoning | Verbal Reasoning45+ Questions of Letter and Symbol Series with Answers

FAQs

How is Cause and Effect reasoning used?

The cause and effect reasoning questions are used to demonstrate the relationship between both of these terms.

What are some examples of Causes and Effects Reasoning Questions?

One of the examples to study Cause and Effects is There is a high shortage of food due to the increased death of plants

This was all about the “30+ Questions of Cause and Effect Reasoning”. For more such informative blogs, check out our Study Material Section, or you can learn more about us by visiting our Indian exams page.

Leave a Reply

Required fields are marked *

*

*