General Aptitude Syllabus for all Competitive Exams

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aptitude syllabus

The General Aptitude (GA) section of competitive exams in India evaluates your basic mental abilities. It’s not about learned skills, but your potential to understand new concepts, reason logically, and solve problems. With technology changing the face of education and a multitude of study materials available at our fingertips, clearing competitive exams still needs hardcore dedication and consistent practice to get through. General Aptitude is an integral part of many competitive examinations like SSC CGL, UPSC, etc., and aims to assess a candidate’s abilities to resolve problems and reasoning-related calculations. Through this blog, we are bringing you various General Aptitude topics as well as practice questions. 

What is General Aptitude?

General aptitude refers to your natural or learned abilities to tackle different tasks. It’s not about specific skills, but rather your potential to learn, reason, and solve problems. Imagine it as a mentally challenging exercise that uses tools like logic, critical thinking, and understanding. General aptitude tests assess these tools by throwing various challenges your way. These might involve numbers (quantitative), words (verbal), puzzles (spatial), or analyzing situations (analytical). By measuring your aptitude, schools, and employers can get a sense of how well you’d fit a particular program or job, even if you don’t have direct experience yet. It’s like a sneak peek into your potential!

General Aptitude Syllabus for Quantitative Aptitude Portion

Here we have stated the most important topics related to the syllabus for the Quantitative Aptitude Portion:

  • Number Systems: Operations on integers, fractions, decimals, percentages, HCF, and LCM.
  • Algebra: Basic algebraic concepts, equations, and inequalities.
  • Data Interpretation: Analyzing data presented in tables, graphs, and charts.
  • Profit & Loss, Ratio & Proportion, Average: Solving problems related to business transactions, comparisons, and central tendencies.
  • Time & Work, Speed & Distance: Calculations involving rates, time, and distance traveled.
  • Permutations & Combinations: Understanding arrangements and selections of objects.
Volume and Surface Area
Problems on H.C.F and L.C.M
Square Root and Cube Root
Ratio and Proportion
Problems on Ages
Chain Rule
Pipes and Cistern
Simple Interest
Boats and Streams
Time and Work
Profit and Loss
Races and Games
Height and Distance
Stocks and Shares
Problems on Trains
Time and Distance
Banker’s Discount
Verification of Truth Reasoning
Odd Man Out and Series
Average Value
Alligation or Mixture

Must Read: 21 Trignometry Formulas Every Student Should Remember

General Aptitude Syllabus for Reasoning Portion

Here we have stated the most important topics related to the syllabus for the Reasoning Portion:

  • Verbal Reasoning: Assessing comprehension, vocabulary, and critical thinking through reading passages and answering questions.
  • Logical Reasoning: Identifying patterns, analyzing relationships, and drawing logical conclusions from the information provided.
  • Analogies: Identifying relationships between words or concepts.
  • Statement & Argument Analysis: Evaluating the strength and validity of arguments.
  • Syllogisms: Identifying logical relationships between statements.
  • Series Completion: Recognizing and continuing numerical or alphabetical patterns.
Spotting Errors
Ordering of Words
Sentence Correction
Sentence Improvement
Selecting Words
Completing Statements
Ordering of Sentences
Sentence Formation
Paragraph Formation
One Word Substitutes
Closet Test
Idioms and Phrases
Verbal Analogies Questions
One Word Substitutes
Number Series
Logical Problems
Letters and Symbol Series
Cause and Effect
Artificial Language
Argument Analysis
Statement and Assumption

Must Read: List of Awards and Honours for Competitive Exams

General Aptitude Syllabus for General Awareness & Current Affairs Portion

Here we have stated the most important topics related to the syllabus for the General Awareness & Current Affairs Portion:

  • Basic Knowledge of Science: Fundamentals of physics, chemistry, and biology.
  • Indian Economy & Polity: Understanding India’s economic structure, government system, and historical background.
  • International Relations: Awareness of major global events and their impact.
  • Business & Commerce: Knowledge of general business principles and practices.
  • Static GK: Important facts about geography, history, and current affairs.
Red Fort History
Rock Music: History
Ellora Caves
Evolution of Electronic Dance Music
Assam Bihu Celebration
Different Types of Music Genres
Famous Paintings of IndiaCelebrating Navratri with Garba
Mysore PaintingKuchipudi Dance History and Types
Famous Painters of IndiaWhat is Abstract Art?

Remember, this is a general overview. It’s important to check the specific syllabus of your target exam for a more detailed breakdown of topics.

Must Read: Upcoming Government Exams

Tips to Score Well in the General Aptitude Portion

Candidates who are taking their general aptitude tests can benefit from some tried-and-true advice. They include some of the following:

  • Practice: The more you practice, the better your chances of passing.
  • Know the format: Familiarize yourself with the test structure beforehand.
  • Analyze practice tests: Identify your strengths and weaknesses through practice exams.
  • Manage your time: Don’t get stuck on one question; move on if needed.
  • Stay calm: Relax and focus before the exam.
  • Prepare well: Eat healthy and get enough sleep beforehand.

Preparing for Competitive Exams? Check Out Our Exam Prep Section

Logical Reasoning

20+ Questions of Statement and Assumption | Logical Reasoning

20+ Questions of Statement and Conclusion | Logical Reasoning

Quantitative Aptitude

20 + Percentage Questions and Answers | Quantitative Aptitude

20 + Problems on H.C.F and L.C.M Questions and Answers | Quantitative Aptitude 

20 + Average Questions and Answers | Quantitative Aptitude

20 + Area and Perimeter Questions with Answers | Quantitative Aptitude

20 + Simple Interest Questions and Answers | Quantitative Aptitude

20 + Time and Work Questions and Answers | Quantitative Aptitude

20 + Profit and Loss Questions and Answers | Quantitative Aptitude

20 + Height and Distance Questions and Answers | Quantitative Aptitude


What does the general aptitude syllabus mean?

The syllabus typically includes topics like quantitative aptitude, logical reasoning, and verbal ability.

What is the importance of general aptitude in competitive exams?

General aptitude assesses candidates’ abilities in reasoning, problem-solving, and comprehension, crucial for various competitive exams.

What does the syllabus for an aptitude test includes?

The syllabus usually covers mathematical, analytical, and verbal skills necessary for problem-solving and decision-making.

Is the general aptitude syllabus the same in all exams?

Yes, general aptitude focuses on fundamental skills applicable across diverse academic disciplines and professional fields.

This was all about the “General Aptitude Syllabus for all Competitive Exams”.  For more such informative blogs, check out our Government Exams Section, or you can learn more about us by visiting our  Indian exams page.

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