The full form of UNO is United Nations Organization. It is an international organization that lays emphasis on maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations amongst the world, and achieving international cooperation.
It has its headquarters in New York and main offices in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna, and The Hague. It is one of the most popular international organizations across the world. Read on to know more about UNO.
When was UNO Founded?
UNO was founded in 1945 after World War II with the ultimate goal of preventing future world wars. On 25 April 1945, 50 nations decided to meet in San Francisco for a conference and drafted the UN Charter. The draft was later adopted on 25 June 1945. UNO began its operations on 24 October 1945.
During the initial phase of UNO, it only had 51 members. Today it has 193 nations serving as a member.
Leaders of UNO
|Deputy Secretary-General||Amina J. Mohammed|
|General Assembly President||Csaba Kőrösi|
|Economic and Social Council President||Collen Vixen Kelapile|
|Security Council Presidency||Russia|
Councils of UNO
The UN has six principal organs:
- General Assembly
- Security Council
- Economic and Social Council
- International Court of Justice
- UN Secretariat
- Trusteeship Council
Specialized Agencies of UNO
The UNO Charter has set forth that each primary organ of the UNO can establish various specialized agencies to fulfill its duty. There are fifteen specialized agencies for UNO. They are solely formed to pursue diverse functions such as international travel, preventing and addressing pandemics, and promoting economic development.
|FAO||Food and Agriculture Organization|
|ICAO||International Civil Aviation Organization|
|IFAD||International Fund for Agricultural Development|
|ILO||International Labour Organization|
|IMO||International Maritime Organization|
|IMF||International Monetary Fund|
|ITU||International Telecommunication Union|
|UNESCO||United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization|
|UNIDO||United Nations Industrial Development Organization|
|UNWTO||World Tourism Organization|
|UPU||Universal Postal Union|
|WBG||World Bank Group|
|WHO||World Health Organization|
|WIPO||World Intellectual Property Organization|
|WMO||World Meteorological Organization|
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