What is the Full Form of SMS?

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SMS Full Form

The full form of SMS is Short Message Service. It is a communication protocol that is used for sending text messages between mobile devices. It is the most commonly used method of communication that allows users to send and receive messages quickly without the wait for internet range, but only a cellular network. In this article, we will learn more about SMS full form and know its evolution and advantages.

Evolution & History of SMS

  • SMS was developed as part of the Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) protocol in 1982.
  • The idea of SMS was locked in the Franco-German collaboration by Friedhelm-Hillebrand &Bernard Ghillebaert in 1984.
  • It gained popularity in the 1990s as mobile phones became more accessible and affordable for the general public.
  • With advancements in technologies, SMS evolved to support multimedia content and other features like MMS (Multimedia Messaging Service).

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Usage of SMS

SMS is a fundamental component of mobile communication, allowing individuals to send and receive messages regardless of the content. Some of the points for usage of SMS are – 

  • It provides a reliable and efficient method of communication and enables real-time conversations between friends, family, and business associates.
  • SMS is commonly used for various purposes like personal communication, marketing campaigns, emergency alerts, and more.
  • It also functions as an essential tool for businesses to engage with their customers, sending transactional messages, promotional offers, and customer support responses.

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Benefits of SMS

SMS messages are delivered instantly and ensure quick and efficient communication. Some of the benefits of SMS are – 

  • It offers a low-cost alternative to voice calls and makes it an affordable option for individuals and businesses.
  • SMS is supported by almost all mobile devices hence, it is accessible to a large audience.
  • Unlike other forms of communication, SMS does not require an internet connection, thus it is reliable even in areas with limited network coverage.

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Disadvantage of SMS

The disadvantages of SMS are – 

  1. They are chargeable and require an amount to send one SMS.
  2. It cannot be sent without a proper mobile network 
  3. Only limited characters are supported to be sent.

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SMS in the Digital Age

Despite the rise of various messaging apps, SMS continues to be a source used for communication. While messaging apps offer additional features like multimedia sharing and group chats, SMS remains the go-to option for simple and direct communication.

Additionally, SMS is often used as a verification method for various online services, including banking, social media, and email accounts. It provides an extra layer of security by confirming ownership of a mobile number before granting access to sensitive information.

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