What is the Full Form of DVT?

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The full form of DVT is Deep Vein Thrombosis. It is a medical condition which happens usually in the leg area because of the blood clots that have formed in the deep veins. Moreover, these blood clots pose serious health risks as they may break and travel to the lungs further causing a potentially life-threatening condition known as pulmonary embolism.

What is the Main Cause of DVT?

The main cause of DVT is sluggish or slowed blood flow thus leading to the formation of clots. There are some aspects that contribute to DVT like prolonged immobility, surgery, trauma, or injury to the veins. Even long flights and prolonged bed rest can also cause clot formation. Furthermore, there are certain conditions such as obesity, pregnancy, and genetic predispositions that can also increase the risk of developing DVT. 

Also Read: What is the Full Form of TTP?

What are the Signs of DVT?

In addition, the initial signs of DVT are as follows:

Common Symptoms:

  • Swelling
  • Pain
  • Tenderness
  • Warm or Red Skin Changes
  • Heaviness
  • Cramping

Furthermore, in some asymptomatic cases, people may not experience noticeable symptoms. Thus, it is necessary to be vigilant. 

Also Read: What is the Full Form of SOB?

What are the Complications of DVT?

If left untreated, DVT can lead to severe complications such as:

  • Pulmonary embolism, where a clot breaks loose and travels to the lungs, potentially causing respiratory failure. 
  • Moreover, chronic complications may include post-thrombotic syndrome, characterised by persistent pain, swelling, and skin changes in the affected leg.

Also Read: What is the Full Form of ADS?

What is the Treatment for DVT?

However, DVT can be treated in the following ways:

  • Anticoagulant medication to prevent further clotting as well as naturally dissolve existing clots.
  • Thrombectomy is a more invasive procedure. 
  • Compression stockings to relieve symptoms and risk of complication.
  • Lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy weight and staying active.  

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