The full form of UNESCO is United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation. It was formed in 1945 through global collaboration to foster peace through education, culture, and science. This international organisation is dedicated to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. It has 93 member countries and 11 associate members. The organisation has also partnered with non-governmental organisations, inter-governmental bodies, and other private stakeholders to transform the education sector.
Background of UNESCO
Given below is a brief history of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation:
- It was established on 16th November 1945
- The United Nations Economic and Social Council is the parent body of UNESCO.
- It introduces plans and schemes in five fields- Education, Communication and Information, Natural Sciences, Culture, and Human and Social Sciences.
- It has official relations with 322 NGOs spread across the world.
- It awards 22 grants in the field of culture, research, education, and peace.
Achievements of UNESCO
Some of the significant achievements of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation are as follows:
- The Universal Copyright Convention, 1952
- Formation of European Organization for Nuclear Research or Conseil européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire, 1954
- Protection of Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel, 1960
- Innovation of the Pacific Tsunami Warning & Mitigation System, 1965
- Introduction of the MAB (Man and Biosphere) Programme, 1971
- Introduction of the Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights, 1997
- The Global Education Coalition, 2020
Official NGOs of UNESCO
Here is a list of official NGOs of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation:
- International Baccalaureate (IB)
- Education International (EI)
- World Association of Newspapers (WAN)
- International Police Association (IPA)
- Co-ordinating Committee for International Voluntary Service (CCIVS)
- International Council of Museums (ICOM)
- International Science Council (ICS)
- International Council for Film, Television and Audiovisual Communication (IFTC)
- Union of International Associations (UIA)
- International Theatre Institute (ITI)
- International Federation of Journalists (IFJ)
- World Federation of Engineering Organizations (WFEO)
- International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA)
- International Union of Technical Associations and Organizations (IUTAO)
- International Music Council (IMC)
- International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN)
- International Scientific Council for Island Development (INSULA)
- International Council on Archives (ICA)
- International Council of Sport Science and Physical Education (ICSSPE)
- International Federation of Poetry Associations (IFPA)
- International Council for Philosophy and Humanistic Studies (CIPSH)
- International Council of Organizations of Folklore Festivals and Folk Arts (CIOFF)
Also Read: UNESCO and GIZ launched a Capacity Development Program for University Teachers
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