The full form of DOM is Document Object Model. It is a representation of the elements and data within a web document. It encompasses the structure and content of the document on the web. The Document Object Model (DOM) serves as a programming interface designed for web documents. It provides a means to manipulate the structure, style, and content of a webpage through programmatic changes.
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How Does DOM Work?
By representing the document as nodes and objects, the DOM enables programming languages to interact with the page effectively. A web page functions as a document that can be presented in the browser window or viewed as HTML source code.
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Need of DOM
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Structure of DOM
The DOM can be visualized as a tree or even a collection of trees (referred to as a forest). The term “structure model” is occasionally used to depict this tree-like representation of a document. Every branch of the tree leads to a node, and each node consists of objects. Nodes can have event listeners attached to them, which are activated when a specific event occurs.
A key characteristic of DOM structure models is their structural isomorphism. This means that if two different DOM implementations are utilized to create a representation of the same document, they will generate an identical structure model, containing precisely the same objects and relationships.
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