What is the Full Form of CNG?

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CNG full form

The full form of CNG is Compressed Natural Gas. it is a fuel that is used as a substitute for petrol, diesel, and LPG. This is because the burning of CNG releases less toxic gases than other fuels. Moreover, since CNG is lighter to air, it scatters at a faster rate and also reduces the overall risk involved during a leak. Let’s learn more about CNG and its interesting properties.

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History of the CNG Gas

Let us take a look at the overview of the history of the CNG gas:

  • Models of the late 1800s promoted and implemented the use of natural gas as a fuel for automobiles.
  • Subsequently, the very first natural gas engine was manufactured in the US after World War 2 followed by Italy and numerous other European countries.
  • Although CNG is majorly used in oil reservoirs, it can be obtained from sewage treatment plants.
  • It is first brought to less than 1% of the standard atmosphere pressure by compressing and then held at a pressure of 20-25 MPa. Finally, it is distributed in cylindrical and spherical tanks. 

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Properties of CNG

The properties of CNG gas include:

  • CNG is an odourless, colourless, and tasteless compound.
  • It has numerous non-corrosive and non-toxic properties. 
  • The primary component of CNG is Methane. 
  • CNG produces a few greenhouse gases.
  • It is derived from cool wells, bed methane wells, natural gas wells, and oil wells. 

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Advantages of CNG

The usage of CNG is more common due to its plethora of advantages such as:

  • CNG is a cheaper alternative to diesel and petrol. 
  • The cost of maintenance of vehicles running on CNG is comparatively lower than other options.
  • CNG is more environmentally friendly.
  • It can also extend the life of lubricating oil. 

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