Know all about CTET Social Science

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CTET Social Science

Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) is conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) following the guidelines issued by the National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) for the appointment of teachers for classes 1 to 8.  Applicants who wish to appear for the examination have to apply online and after successful submission, can download their admit card for future reference and examination purposes. In this blog, we will give you complete information about CTET social science to help you ace your exams!

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CTET Social Science stands for Central Teacher Eligibility Test in the subject of Social Science. CTET is an entrance examination conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) in India. It is a qualifying exam for individuals aspiring to become teachers in central government schools (Kendriya Vidyalayas) and various other schools across the country. The Social Science section of CTET focuses on testing the candidates’ knowledge and understanding of topics related to History, Geography, Political Science, and Economics. It assesses their ability to effectively teach these subjects to students at the primary and upper primary levels. Successful candidates obtain a CTET certificate, which is essential for pursuing a teaching career in India.

CTET Social Science Exam Pattern

Before we examine the CTET social science syllabus, let’s look at the exam pattern. The CTET examination consists of 2 sets of papers: paper I and paper II. Paper I is framed for teaching primary students (Class 1 to 5) whereas paper II is framed for teaching elementary students (classes 6 to 8). The aspirants may apply for both papers or may choose any one of them. The examinations are held on the same day in two shifts. 

  • CTET has 2 papers held for a duration of two and a half hours each. There are two shifts for the examination.
  • The morning shift starts from 9.30 am till 12 noon which is for Paper I.
  • Paper II is conducted in the afternoon shift which is from 2.00 p.m. to 4.00 p.m. 
  • The total marks for the paper are 150.
  • The question papers are objective types which means candidates are required to answer 150 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) on selected topics.
  • There are four sections in paper I and five sections in paper II. Now let’s take a deeper look at each of the papers. 

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Paper I

A. Child Development and Pedagogy

  1. Development of primary school child (15 questions)
  2. Concept of Inclusive Education and Understanding Children with Special Needs ( 5 questions)
  3. Learning with Pedagogy (10 questions)

B. Language 1 and 2

  1. Language comprehension (15 questions)
  2. Pedagogy of Language Development (15 questions)

C. Mathematics

  1. Content including numbers, equations, algebra, geometry, time measurement, data handling, solids, etc.) (15 questions)
  2. Pedagogical issues (15 questions)

D. Environmental Studies

  1. Content including shelter, environment, food, water, family, friends, etc.(15 questions)
  2. Pedagogical issues (15 questions)

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Paper II

A. Child Development and Pedagogy

  1. Development of primary school child (15 questions)
  2. Concept of Inclusive Education and Understanding Children with Special Needs ( 5 questions)
  3. Learning with Pedagogy (10 questions)

B. Language 1 and 2

  1. Language comprehension (15 questions)
  2. Pedagogy of Language Development (15 questions)

C. Mathematics

  1. Mathematics Number system, Algebra, Geometry, Mensuration, Data Handling Pedagogical issues. (20 questions)
  2. Pedagogical issues (10 questions)

D. Science

  1. Food, Materials, The World of the Living, Moving Things, People and Ideas, How Things Work, Natural Phenomena and Resources. (20 questions)
  2. Pedagogical issues (10 questions)

E. Social Science

  1. History, Geography, Social and Political Life. (40 questions)
  2. Pedagogical issues (20 questions).

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CTET Question Papers

CTET is a nationwide entrance exam conducted for the recruitment of eligible primary and secondary-level teachers across India. The exam is conducted twice a year in Hindi and English. Candidates before appearing for this competitive exam must look at the past question papers to understand the pattern in-depth. Students can easily download the papers from the official site and prepare for all the portions including CTET social science,

Click here for Past Examination Papers!

Topics for Social Science in CTET

Here is the detailed syllabus for CTET social science.


  • When, Where, and How
  • The Earliest Societies
  • The First Farmers and Herders
  • The First Cities
  • Early States
  • New Ideas
  • The First Empire
  • Contacts with Distant lands
  • Political Developments
  • Culture and Social Science
  • New Kings and Kingdoms
  • Sultans of Delhi
  • Architecture
  • Creation of an Empire
  • Social Change
  • Regional Cultures
  • The Establishment of Company Power
  • Rural Life and Society
  • Colonialism and Tribal Societies
  • The Revolt of 1857-58
  • Women and reform
  • Challenging the Caste System
  • The Nationalist Movement
  • India After Independence

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  • Geography as a social study and as a Social Science
  • Planet: Earth in the solar system
  • Globe
  • The environment in its totality: natural and human environment
  • Air
  • Water
  • Human Environment: settlement, transport, and communication
  • Resources: Types-Natural and Human
  • Agriculture

Social and Political Life

  • Diversity
  • Government
  • Local Government
  • Making a Living
  • Democracy
  • State Government
  • Understanding Media
  • Unpacking Gender
  • The Constitution
  • Parliamentary Government
  • The Judiciary
  • Social Justice and the Marginalized

Pedagogical issues

  • Concept & Nature of Social Science/Social Studies
  • Classroom Processes, activities, and Discourse
  • Developing Critical thinking
  • Inquiry/Empirical Evidence
  • Problems of Teaching Social Science/Social Studies
  • Sources – Primary & Secondary
  • Projects Work
  • Evaluation

Related Read: Child Development and Pedagogy Notes

Eligibility Criteria

  1. The candidate must be an Indian citizen.
  2. There’s no specific age limit. However, candidates should be at least 17 years of age.
  3. Candidates must have cleared their class 10th examination.
  4. Candidates must have passed the 10+2 examination from any recognised board, with a minimum of 50% marks.
  5. A minimum of 50% marks is desired in any graduation programs as well as teacher training programs. 

How to Apply?

The application process for CTET exam is given below. Have a look!

  1. Go to the official webpage of CTET: www.ctet.nic.in
  2. Click on “apply online” and you shall be directed to a new page.
  3. Fill up the application form with all the requisites asked for like name, DOB, etc.
  4. Click on next, and you’ll reach the review page. After cross-checking the details, click on submit. 
  5. After submission, you’ll get a registration number. You shall note it down for future reference.
  6. Insert necessary details in the application form.
  7. Upload photo and signature.
  8. Pay the CTET application fee. The fees are mentioned below:-
  9. After successful payment, print out the confirmation page for examination purposes.

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Here are documentations required for application and exam purposes:

  1. Aadhaar Card
  2. Matriculation Certificate
  3. 12th pass certificate
  4. Highest Qualification Certificate
  5. Valid Identity Proof
  6. Credit Card / Debit card details if submitting the online fee.
  7.  Photograph and scanned copy of the signature.

Application Fees

CategoryPaper 1/ Paper 2Paper 1 and Paper 2 
General/OBCINR 1000INR 1200
SC/ST/DisabledINR 500INR 600
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When does the application process start?

The application process starts in January every year and examinations are conducted twice per year.

What is the difficulty level for the CTET Social Science?

The difficulty level varies from moderate to hard.

Which topics contain maximum weightage?

History and Geography sections are more than other topics.

What is the mode of examination?

The examination is conducted offline.

Can I make necessary rectifications after submission of application form?

Yes it is possible to rectify the mistakes in the application form. However not all fields can be rectified.

What is the duration of the examination?

The examination is 2.5 hours long.

So we hope we gave you a complete guide about CTET social science. If you have any doubts, please feel free to reach our Leverage Edu counsellors for help and guidance regarding career options. You can follow us on Facebook, Instagram, Pinterest, Twitter and Linkedin! Wish you all great success and good health from the Leverage Edu team!

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