ACT Test Structure: Format, Duration and Types of Questions

3 minute read
ACT Test Structure

The first step to preparing for any examination is to know the test structure and the exam pattern. In the same scenario, candidates who are going to take the ACT exam should know the ACT structure beforehand. The ACT exam consists of four sections Mathematics, Science, English, and Reading. There is an optional section as part of the exam which is Writing.


In this blog, we have given all the details of the ACT exam along with its section-wise classification and much more. Keep reading to be updated.

Name of the TestACT
Full Form American College Testing
Conducted ByACT Inc. 
Types of QuestionsMCQ
ModeComputer-based/ Pen-Paper

ACT Test Structure: Overview

There are four sections in the ACT exam. The four sections are English, Mathematics, Reading, Science and Writing. The fifth section of the ACT exam, i.e. Writing is the optional part.

Here is the overview of the ACT exam along with its sections and the duration. 

English45 Minutes
Mathematics60 MInutes
Reading35 Minutes
Science35 Minutes
Writing (Optional)40 Minutes

ACT Test Structure: Section Wise Bifurcation

After keeping an eye on the ACT overview, the students need to know the section-wise bifurcation along with other details. 

Keep scrolling through the blog to know the section-wise bifurcation:


The types of questions in the English section of the exam are multiple choice questions, and it tests the two main skills of the candidates i.e. use and English mechanics.

Time Limit45 Minutes
Number of Questions75
Topicsgrammar & usage, punctuation, sentence structure, strategy, organization, and style
Types of Questionsfour-choice, multiple-choice usage/mechanics and rhetorical skills questions


The six main topics covered in the ACT Maths are Pre-Algebra, Elementary Algebra, Intermediate Algebra, Coordinate Geometry, Plane Geometry, and Trigonometry.

Here is an overview of other details of the examination:

Time Limit60 Minutes
Number of Questions60 Questions
Topicspre-algebra, elementary algebra, intermediate algebra, coordinate geometry, plane geometry, and trigonometry
Types of Questionsfive-choice, multiple-choice questions


The main purpose of the ACT reading section is to know the candidate’s comprehension skills. This section is very important for the candidates to ace as they are aiming to study in English-speaking countries like the USA and Canada. 

This section comprises four major subjects Natural science, Literary narrative, Social science, and Humanities.

Time Limit35 Minutes
Number of Questions40 Questions
Topicsreading comprehension of what is directly stated or implied
Types of Questionsfour-choice, multiple-choice referring and reasoning questions


This section tests the candidate’s ability to have a clear analysis of different viewpoints within a limited time. 

Time Limit40 Minutes
Number of Questions1 Essay
Topicswriting skills
Types of Questionsessay prompt
                                                              Related Blogs 
What is a Good ACT Score
and How to Ace it?
List of ACT Scholarships Based on Your Score!Colleges Accepting Low ACT Scores
ACT Test Day ChecklistACT to SAT ConversionTop Free ACT Prep Resources


1. What are the 4 ACT subjects?

The 4 ACT subjects are English, mathematics, reading, and science.

2. What is the full form of ACT?

The full form of ACT is American College Testing. It is a standardized test that students must appear for if they prefer to study in Countries like the USA or Canada.

3. What is the score range of ACT?

The score range of ACT usually ranges from 1 to 36.

Visit the Leverage Live page of Leverage edu or contact our study abroad experts at 1800-57-2000 to strengthen your scores and application to secure your spot in your dream college. 

Leave a Reply

Required fields are marked *