The national flag of India is more than just a piece of cloth to Indians, it is an emotion. It represents the aspirations, hopes and dreams of over 1.3 billion people. The flag’s vibrant colours and emblem showcase and embody the rich culture and heritage that the country stands for. But have you ever wondered who designed the national flag of India? In this blog, we will find the answer to this question and know about the man and some interesting facts about the Indian National flag.
Who is the Father of the Indian National Flag?
Pingali Venkayya was the designer of the National Flag of India. He was born in Machilipatnam, Andhra Pradesh in the year 1876. Pingali Venakyya was a freedom fighter and advocated for self-governance. Behind this iconic tricolour lies the passion and tireless efforts of Pingali. Thus, he is given the title “Father of the Indian National Flag”.
Venkayya’s Journey to Design the National Flag
Venkayya’s passion for flag design began at an early age. He studied different flags from around the globe and researched their symbolism and history. His belief was a flag is a powerful tool for uniting people and inspiring them to fight for their nation.
In 1919, he presented his first flag to Mahatma Gandhi, who was the then leader of freedom movements. The design had two horizontal stripes: Red- represented Hindus and Green-represented Muslims. While Gandhi appreciated his efforts, he recommended adding a third colour to represent the other religions and communities of India.
Venkayya continued the process of designing and experimenting with different colours and symbols. He kept in mind the ideals of Unity, Progress and Peace while experimenting. Finally, in 1921, he presented the design to Mahatma. This version of the national flag had the now iconic colours of Saffron, White and Green stripes with the Ashok Chakra in the centre.
The final design was presented to the Indian National Congress where it was officially adopted as the national flag of India on 22nd July 1947.
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10 Interesting Facts about the National Flag of India
Some interesting facts about the Indian flag are –
- Colour – The Indian flag has three horizontal stripes: Saffron (top), White (middle) and Green(bottom)
- Significance of the Colors – Saffron signifies Courage and Sacrifice, White represents Peace and Truth and Green symbolises Growth and Prosperity.
- Ashok Chakra – The Dharma Chakra is of blue colour which represents the Wheel of the Law, of Progress and the Cycle of Life and Death.
- Symbol – The central emblem is the Ashoka Chakra, a 24-spoke wheel derived from the Lion capital of Ashoka.
- Ratio– The flag has a length-to-width ratio of 3:2
- Fabric – The flag is made of Khadi which is hand-spun cotton fabric and symbolises self-reliance and economic independence.
- Design – The flag was adopted by the INC in 1921 and officially hoisted as the national flag of Independent India on August 15, 1947.
- Respect for the Flag – It is inscribed in our Fundamental Duty to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem. The Flag Code of India also defines the protocol for displaying and respecting the flag
- National Flag Day – National Flag Day is celebrated every year on July 22.
- Evolution of the Indian Flag – The design of the flag has undergone several changes and represented the rich history of India in the process. The first National Flag was designed in the year 1904 by sister Nivedita.
We must not forget the people like the one who designed the national flag of India and the freedom fighters who came forward for the national struggle in their own ways, Pingali Venkayya showed his patriotism by tirelessly working towards designing the National Flag of India which unifies this great nation