Police Commemoration Day 2023: History, Significance, Celebration

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police commemoration day

Police Commemoration Day is also known as Police Martyr’s Day in India. It is celebrated on 21 October every year. This day is celebrated in honour of the sacrifice of 10 CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force) men in the Chinese attack that happened in 1959. In 1959, the CRPF officers were defending our country from the Chinese attack, during which 10 police officers were shot dead near Ladakh’s Hot Spring Area, and they lost their lives in the line of duty. Read this blog post to learn about the history and significance of this day!

DayPolice Commemoration Day
Date21 October 2023
PurposeTo honour the frontline warriors of the Nation who died in the line of duty
Place of attackLadakh’s Hot Spring Area

Also Read: National Forest Martyr’s Day

Police Commemoration Day 2023: History

The history of this day is very breaking because on this day India lost 10 CRPF personnel in the line of duty. On 20 October 1959, due to extreme tension at the Indo-Tibet border in Hot Spring in Aksai Chin in Ladakh located between 15,000 ft and 16,000 ft above the sea level, three separate units of the 3rd battalion were manned by the Indian Police. The CRPF personnel deployed at the border were guarding the Indo-Tibet border from the Chinese attack.

On 21 October 1959, out of the three units, 2 units returned back. In search of the missing units (Porter and 2 police constables), CRPF assigned a new unit the task of finding the missing police personnel. 

When the CRPF reached a small hill, they witnessed firing from the other side in which 10 CRPF officers were shot dead on duty. The bodies of the CRPF officers were returned back to the Indian Police Force after a month.

Thus, to honour the sacrifice of the police force, the Annual Conference of Inspectors General of Police of States and Union Territories passed a resolution to celebrate 21 October as the Police Commemoration Day.

Also Read: How to Become a Police Sub-inspector in India?

Significance of Police Commemoration Day

Police Commemoration Day is a significant observance celebrated to acknowledge the sacrifices of police officers and highlight the importance of their role in society. This day serves as a reminder of the challenges they face and the need for continued support and respect for law enforcement agencies.

Martyr’s Day is celebrated to honour the sacrifice, create public awareness, boost morale, and strengthen law enforcement activities.

Also Read: Kargil War

How is Police Commemoration Day Celebrated?

On 21 October, the Commemoration Day Parade is held in every district at the Police Headquarters. The Arms are reverse (Shok Shastra) that display sadness and the police officials maintain a two-minute silence in order to pay tribute and honour the departed souls of CRPF men who died in their line of duty.

The Police officials also fire three-volley shots in respect to the martyrs, the manes of the CRPF men are read out to acknowledge their sacrifice.

In honour of the members of the police force, it was decided to erect a memorial at the site of the incident i.e. at Hot Springs and some selected members will trek to the memorial to pay homage to the sacrificed souls.


Q1. Why is Police Commemoration Day celebrated?

A1. Police Commemoration Day is celebrated on 21 October annually. It is celebrated to remember and pay tribute to the 10 CRPF men who lost their lives in the line of duty in 1959. They were guarding the Indo-Tibet border from the Chinese attack.

Q2. When was the first Police Commemoration Day celebrated?

A3. In 1960, the Annual Conference of Inspectors General of Police of States and Union Territories passed a resolution to celebrate Police Commemoration Day. The first Police Commemoration Day was celebrated in 1960.

Q3. What is the special day of October 21 in India?

A3. October 21 is a very special day in the history of Indian Defence. This day is celebrated as Police Commemoration Day to honour the sacrifice of 10 CRPF men during the Chinese attack.

That was all about Police Commemoration Day. For more such trending events, keep reading our important days blogs on Leverage Edu to stay informed about the news and important dates in the world of education!

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