👩‍⚖️ National Legal Services Day 2023: Origin, Theme, Importance

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national legal services day

Laws and customs are an essential part of the community It is important for every individual to follow legal rules and regulations formulated by the Constitution. Legal services refer to any service in the conduct of a court case that is led by the legal proceeding by the lawyers in front of the judge or other authority that gives advice and final decision with respect to any legal matter. People who violate the laws of the nation are presented in court. It is an annual event celebrated in India to commemorate the passing of the Legal Services Authority Act, of 1995. Explore this blog post to get information about the date, theme, origin, and importance of National Legal Services Day 2023!

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It is celebrated on 9 November on an annual basis to memorialize the passing of the Legal Services Authority Act on 9 November 1995. This act was adopted by India in 1987. 

The NLSD is celebrated to spread legal awareness throughout the country. This day is dedicated to informing people that they can receive free legal services aid irrespective of their financial and social status.

The NALSA constituted under the Legal Services Authority Act 1987 was set up to provide free legal services to the economically weaker sections. Its duty is to organize Lok Adalats for the harmonious settlement of disputes. 

Source: NALSA

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Legal Services Authority Act was formulated and passed by the Supreme Court of India on 9 November 1987 and it came into action in 1995 since then, this day is celebrated as National Legal Services Day. Hon’ble Dr Justice D. Y. Chandrachud, The Chief Justice of India is the Patron-in-Chief of the NALSA of India.

The purpose of celebrating this day is to raise awareness and educate people about the free legal services and basic legal rights of every citizen of India. The NALSA ensures equal rights and access to justice for every person irrespective of financial and social differences.

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The theme focuses on spreading the message of the Legal Services Act and raising awareness about free legal aid to the weaker sections of society. This special day of 9 November is dedicated to emphasising the message “Access to Justice for All: Empowering the Marginalized through Legal Awareness”.

Here are the important events in the formation of NLSD:

  • 1970: A committee was appointed by the Supreme Court of India to examine the feasibility of providing legal aid to the EWS.
  • 1976: The Legal Aid Act is passed by Parliament.
  • 1980: NALSA was established.
  • 1987: The Legal Services Authorities Act is enacted.
  • 1995: The Legal Services Authorities Act comes into force and NLSD is first celebrated on November 9.

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This day plays a key role in the life of the weaker section of society. The day is dedicated to spreading knowledge and awareness about the legal services offered by the government to the weaker sections.

Women, people belonging to marginalized groups, economically weaker sections, and people with low monthly incomes are eligible for free legal services in India. 

NLSD also spreads awareness about alternative dispute resolution methods such as Lok Adalats, Judicial settlement, conciliation, and arbitration.

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World Intellectual Property DayNational Anti-Terrorism Day
International Day of FamiliesWorld Day Against Child Labour


Q1. Who started National Legal Services Day?

A1. The Supreme Court of India started Legal Services Day in 1995.

Q2. Why is Legal Services Day celebrated?

A2. Legal Services Day is celebrated on 9 November to commemorate the enactment of the National Legal Services Authority Act in 1995. This day is celebrated to spread legal awareness, provide legal aid, organise Lok Adalats, and friendly settlement of disputes mainly for the economically weaker sections of the society.

Q3. What is the theme of National Legal Services Day?

A3. The theme of NLSD emphasizes educating people about their legal rights and offering equal access to justice for all. 

Q4. Who is the head of the National Legal Services Authority?

A4. The judge of the Supreme Court also known as the Chief Justice of India i.e. Hon’ble Dr Justice Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud, Patron-in-Chief is the head of the National Legal Services Authority.

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