The full form of NSO is National Statistical Office. It is the Statistical Wing of the Ministry of Statics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI). This MOSPI branch consists of the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), Central Statistical Office (CSO), and the Computer Center. This Statistical Wing of the Indian government was anticipated by the Rangrajan Commission to maintain statistical standards and oversee the implementation of standards. Additionally, NSO has to coordinate the statistical work of Central and State government agencies as established by the National Statistical Commission (NSC).
Also Read: BSc Statistics
Responsibilities of NSO
The National Statistical Office has the following responsibilities:
- To coordinate the statistical work of all the departments and ministries of the central government of the Republic of India and State Statistical Bureaus (SSBs).
- To advise ministries and departments of the Indian government on statistical data analysis and statistical methodologies.
- To establish and execute standards and procedures in the field of statistics. Additionally, the organisation is also responsible for data collection, data processing, and result dissemination.
- To prepare and maintain national accounts.
- To publish yearly estimates of government expenditure, national product, government savings, and capital formation.
- To maintain a relationship with the Food and Agriculture Organizations (FAO), the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the United Nations Statistical Division (UNSD), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the International Labour Organizations (ILO), the Statistical Institute for Asia and the Pacific (SIAP), and other global statistical organisations.
- To compile, prepare, and release the IIP (Index of Industrial Production) every month.
- To conduct ASI (Annual Survey of Industries) in order to provide the growth data of the organised manufacturing sector.
- To plan and organise pan-India Economic Censuses and use the data for the growth and development of the nation.