PDS Full Form: PDS stands for Public Distribution System. The Public Distribution System (PDS) is a food security system in India that is overseen by the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food, and Public Distribution. PDS emerged as a strategy for managing food scarcity by distributing food grains at low cost.
What is PDS?
The Public Distribution System (PDS) is a system in which underprivileged sectors of society can obtain food from government-regulated ration shops, which in turn receive food supplies from the Food Corporation of India (FCI).
- Ration stores are sometimes referred to as Fair Price stores.
- People can buy food at these ration stores for a lower price than the market price.
- Kerosene, sugar and food grains would be available at these ration shops.
- There are about 5.5 lakh ration shops in India.
- Ration shops can be found in the majority of cities, towns, villages, and towns.
- Ration cards can be used to purchase specified amounts of these products by any family.
What is the Need for PDS?
Food security in the country requires a Public Distribution System (PDS). Food security will prevent events such as hunger from occurring. In 1943, the Bengal famine killed 30 lakh people.
The various aspects of Food Security are as follows:
- Affordability entails a person needing money to purchase nutritious and safe food to meet dietary requirements.
- Accessibility entails making food available to people.
- Availability considers food inventories maintained in government-run granaries, food imports, and, most crucially, adequate food production in the country. It considers the availability of food for all people.
Advantages and Disadvantages of PDS
Here are some advantages and disadvantages of PDS. Check the table below to know more:
|It ensures food security for the most vulnerable members of society.||The food grains provided by ration stores are insufficient to meet the consumption demands of the impoverished.|
|It contributes to the decrease of poverty in India.||Food grain quality is deplorable.|
|It assures that no one dies of starvation.||The Public Distribution System does not benefit the impoverished and vulnerable portions of society because of the corruption involved in identifying low-income families.|
|It makes a considerable contribution to the stabilising of food prices.||Ration shop managers regularly do not give food grains to the needy at subsidised rates, instead selling them on the black market at higher costs.|
|It ensures that food is provided at low and affordable pricing.||–|
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