What is the Full Form of COVID-19?

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covid 19 Full Form

The Coronavirus Disease of 2019 is the full form of COVID-19. It is a viral illness caused by a novel coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2.The common name that stands for the reference of this disease is COVID. The contagious disease brought many lives to a standstill and affected millions of people. In this blog, we will delve into the full form of COVID-19 and know everything about it.

What is COVID-19?

  • Coronavirus: COVID-19 is caused by a specific type of virus known as Coronavirus. It was a large family of viruses that could cause illnesses in animals and humans.
  • Disease: The “D” in COVID-19 represents the fact that it is a disease, especially a respiratory illness. It primarily affects the respiratory system causing symptoms ranging from mild to severe, including fever, cough, and difficulty breathing.
  • 2019: The “2019” in COVID-19 refers to the year when the disease was first identified. It is there to differentiate it from other coronaviruses, such as SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) in 2002 and MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) in 2012, which were named based on their outbreak years.

It was also called Novel Coronavirus. The “Novel” in the term is referred to as “New Coronavirus”.

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Who Named COVID-19?

The name COVID-19 was coined by the World Health Organization (WHO) when the disease emerged in December 2019. WHO named it “to enable discussion on disease prevention, spread, transmissibility, severity, and treatment”. 

In a press conference on February 11, 2020, WHO officially announced the name COVID-19 after a cumulative agreement of the name between the World Organization for Animal Health and the FAO of the UN. The name was chosen because it did not represent any animal, geographical location, or community.

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What is the Origin of COVID-19?

The term coronavirus was named after its features. There were crown-like spikes that appeared on the surface of the virus. There were other similar Coronavirus that affected as a disease to humans. They were – 

  1. SARS- CoV 
  2. MERS-CoV

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On 31st December 2019, there was a strange outbreak of respiratory infections. It was first reported from Wuhan which was a city in the Hubei province of China but later spread to different parts of the world. These infections turned into a disaster taking the form of a pandemic and took millions of lives.

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