What is the Full Form of MERS?

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MERS full form

The full form of MERS is the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus. It is a viral respiratory illness caused by a novel coronavirus called MERS-CoV. The first case of MERS was identified in Saudi Arabia in 2012, and since then, sporadic outbreaks have occurred in several countries. In this blog, we will delve into the details of MERS full form and understand its causes with symptoms.

What Causes MERS?

MERS is a highly infectious disease that primarily affects the respiratory system. MERS is caused by a betacoronavirus called MERS-CoV. This virus is mainly transmitted to humans through direct or indirect contact with infected animals. Human-to-human transmission is also possible, especially in healthcare settings when proper infection control measures are not practiced.

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Symptoms of MERS

The symptoms of MERS are similar to those of other respiratory illnesses and can range from mild to severe. Some common symptoms are – 

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How is MERS Diagnosed?

The diagnosis of MERS involves:

  • Clinical evaluation of symptoms
  • Laboratory testing. Samples of respiratory secretions or blood may be collected for testing the presence of MERS-CoV.

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Treatment and Prevention of MERS

Currently, there is no specific antiviral treatment available for MERS. Supportive care is provided to manage the symptoms and complications associated with the illness. In severe cases, hospitalization is the only preventive cure. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is contagious, therefore, requiring preventive measures to mitigate the spread of MERS-CoV.

The first prevention against MERS is to maintain a safe distance from individuals who have contracted the disease. Some other additional preventive actions that can be considered are:

  • Always wear a mask when going out.
  • Regularly wash your hands with soap for at least 20 seconds.
  • Thoroughly wash fruits and vegetables before cooking or consuming them.
  • Avoid eating undercooked meat or any food items that may not be properly prepared.
  • Steer clear of consuming food or drinks that are not prepared under hygienic conditions.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a sleeve or tissue when sneezing.
  • Consider taking vitamin supplements or prescribed medications by a doctor to improve your immune system.
  • Report any suspected MERS cases to a healthcare facility immediately.
  • Seek prompt medical attention if you experience any symptoms or signs of MERS.

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