Multiplication and Division Word Problems

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Multiplication and Division Word Problems

Multiplication and Division are a part of the primary school Mathematics curriculum. These are universal mathematical operations that lay down the foundation for the Quantitative Aptitude of an individual. They are the fundamentals of nearly all mathematical concepts, ingrained into basic Arithmetic, Geometry, Algebra, and Calculus. Thus it is essential for all the students to ace the Multiplication and Division word problems. Let’s understand more about multiplication and division word problems in this blog!

What are Multiplication and Division Word Problems?

Multiplication and Division word problems are comprehensive mathematical questions designed to help students learn these skills by giving them real-life scenarios. These word problems help young children to relate to the problems on a personal level, activating their cognition in a better way. However, some of them may face a slight difficulty in understanding these questions. So, let’s try and understand how to progress with such questions.

Try solving these word problems using the BODMAS concept.
To know more about it, read our blog on BODMAS questions!

Multiplication Word Problems

Multiplication word problems generally include keywords like calculating the “total” number of objects, goods or production. Here are some examples of multiplication word problems:

Q1: There are 4 rows of seats in a class. Each row has 12 benches. How many students can sit in the class?

Ans:
In such questions, we take the following steps:

Note the number of benches in one row= 12
No. of rows = 4
Multiply the number with the number of rows = 12×4

Total number of seats available for students= 48

Therefore, 48 students can sit in the class!

Q2: A bottle factory produces 684 bottles a day. How many bottles will the factory produce in 46 days?

Ans:
Number of tyres a tyre factory produces in one day = 684
Number of days = 46

Total number of bottles produced = 684 x 46 = 31464

Therefore, the company will produce 31464 bottles in 46 days

Q3: A carton holds 20 packets of biscuits. Each packet has 12 biscuits. How many biscuits can be packed in 45 cartons? 

Number of packets in 1 carton= 20

Number of biscuits in 1 packet= 12

Number of biscuits in 1 carton or 20 packets= 12 × 20= 240

Number of biscuits in 45 cartons= 240 × 45= 10800

Therefore, altogether there are 10,800 biscuits.

Q4: The monthly salary of a man is Rs. 2,500. What is his annual income by salary? 

Number of months in a year= 12

Salary of 1 month= Rs 2,500

Annual salary= salary of 12 months= 2,500 × 12= Rs. 30,000

Therefore, annual income = Rs 30,000

Division Word Problems

Division word problems on the other hand, generally are the harder ones among Multiplication and Division word problems. They have questions that deal with segregating/putting/sorting objects into different sections. Here are some examples to help you understand better:

Q1: There are 140 peanuts in a bowl. A worker has to put them equally in 4 packets. How many peanuts will be there in one packet?
Ans:

For division word problems, we always start with identifying the dividend and the divisor. 

The total number of peanuts will be taken as a dividend. This is because we have to sort them into smaller groups i.e. divide the total number of peanuts

The number of packets will be the divisor because we have to divide the peanuts in the number of packets we have. 

Total number of peanuts, i.e. dividend= 140
No. of packets, i.e. divisor = 4
No. of packets = 140 / 4
After division, the quotient comes out to be 35.

Therefore, the total number of peanuts in a packet will be 35.

Q2: A school has 2412 students in total. They put only 36 students in one class. How many classes are there in total?

Ans: For this question also, we will first identify the dividend and the divisor.

For beginner division questions, dividend can be identified by scanning the question for the largest number. Here, the total number of students is the largest number. Additionally, putting students into classes requires dividing the total number of students. Hence, the total number of students will be the dividend, i.e. 2412

The number of students to be put in one class will be the divisor in this question as it is the number of students that are to be put in a class. So, we have to make groups of 36 students from 2412 students. Then, we perform basic division operation                             

Division Word Problems

After performing division, we get the quotient as 67. The remainder is 0. Therefore, we will make 67 classes to accommodate all the students in the school. If the remainder was not zero, we would have to make one more class to accommodate the extra students. 

Hence, the total number of classes will be 67.

Q3. Rs. 5,500 are distributed equally among 25 men. How much money will each person get?

Money received by 35 men= Rs 5,500

So, money received by 1 man= Rs 5500 ÷ 25= Rs. 220

Hence, each man will get Rs. 220. 

Q4. How many hours are there in 1500 minutes? 

Number of minutes in 1 hr. = 60 minutes 

This means that 60 minutes= 1 hour

By Unitary Method, 

1 minute= 1/60 hour

Hence, 1500 minutes= 1 ÷ 60 × 1500

Or,

1500 ÷ 60= 25 hours

So there are 25 hours in 1500 minutes.

Practice Problems

The illustrations must have helped you understand how to solve multiplication and division word problems. Here are some questions based on the same concept for you to practice. The questions are mixed, so that you also work on identifying whether a question requires you to multiply or divide.

Q1: Alex has 150 tickets for a concert. He has to put them in 10 boxes. How many tickets will be there in a single box?

Q2: There are 10 candies in a packet. A shopkeeper buys 124 packets of these candies. How many candies does he have in total?

Q3: There are 5240 fish in a pond. The number of fish doubles in a month. How many fish will be there in the pond after two months?

Q4: A worker has 4500 loose sheets. He has to make notebooks with 120 pages. How many notebooks can he make?

Q5: It takes 15 minutes to make a card. A worker works for 6 hours in a day. How many cards will he be able to make?

Q6: A student is collecting leaves for a science experiment. He collects 6 new types of leaves in a day. How many leaves will he have in a week?

Q7: A shopkeeper earns 10$ on making a sale. If he makes 123 sales, how much money will he be able to earn?

Q8: Ron is taking his students out on a school trip. There are 2420 students in the school. A bus can only seat 45 students. How many buses will he need to take all the students on a trip?

Q9: A company makes 12 bulbs in a day. They work for 6 days a week. How many bulbs will they be able to make at the end of 8 weeks?

Q10: Samyak makes pen boxes in his workshop. If he works for 3 hours, he is able to make 1 box. He works for 8 hours a day. How many boxes will he be able to make in 12 days?

So, by the end of this blog, we have given you all that was required to know about multiplication and division word problems. Hope you had no difficulty in grasping the concepts. Keep on practicing and you’ll be able to progress through the topic in no time. To help you with such topics, we have many informative blogs waiting for you. For more entertaining and informative content, follow Leverage Edu on Facebook, Instagram, and LinkedIn.

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