BSc Geology Syllabus and Subjects

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BSc Geology Syllabus and Subjects-02

BSc Geology is a three-year undergraduate degree course in earth science. The course covers the compositions, history, and other processes involving rocks, minerals, and other solid substances. Environmental science, earth science, mineral science, the study of other natural resources (such as water, petroleum, natural gas, and so on), their placement and presence, climate change and related concerns, and so on are all covered in the six semesters of a BSc in geology. Fieldwork and exploration are also part of the BSc geology syllabus. Let us learn more about the BSc geology syllabus, colleges, subjects, and much more in this blog!

Course nameBachelor of Science in Geology
Course duration3 years
Eligibility criteria10+2 with Science stream from a recognized board of India
Education levelUndergraduate
Admission processEntrance or Merit-based
Average starting salary6-10 LPA

Also Checkout: BSc Courses List

BSc Geology Syllabus

1st year (Semesters 1 and 2)

  • Physical Geology and Geomorphology
  • Structural Geology
  • Crystallography and Mineral optics
  • Mineralogy

2nd year (Semesters 3 and 4)

3rd year (Semesters 5 and 6)

  • Economic Geology
  • Exploration of Geology and Remote sensing
  • Engineering Geology and Mining Geology
  • Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology

Relevant Read: BSc Courses after 12th Science

BSc Geology Semester-wise Syllabus by UGC 

Check out the subjects and syllabus for BSc Geology courses in the table given below.

BSc Geology Subjects (Core course)BSc Geology Syllabus
Earth system scienceEarth as a planet, Earth’s magnetic field, Plate tectonics, Hydrosphere and atmosphere, soil, understanding of the past from stratigraphic records, a cosmic abundance of elements
Mineral scienceCrystallography, crystal symmetry and projections, rock-forming minerals
Elements of GeochemistryConcepts of geochemistry, layered structure of Earth and geochemistry, Element transport, Geochemistry of solid earth, Geochemical behaviour of selected elements
Structural GeologyStructure and topography, stress and strain in rocks, folds, foliation and lineation, fractures and faults
Igneous PetrologyConcepts of Igneous Petrology, forms, phase diagrams and petrogenesis, magmatism in different tectonic settings, petrogenesis of Igneous rocks
Sedimentary PetrologyOrigin of sediments, sediment granulometry, sedimentary textures, structures and environment, varieties of sedimentary rocks, diagenesis
PalaeontologyFossilisation and the fossil record, Taxonomy and Species concept,  Invertebrates, Vertebrates, Introduction to Paleobotany, Gondwana Flora,  Application of fossils in Stratigraphy
Metamorphic PetrologyMetamorphism: controls and types, Metamorphic facies and grades, Metamorphism and Tectonism, Migmatites and their origin, Metamorphic rock associations
Stratigraphic Principles and Indian StratigraphyPrinciples of stratigraphy, Code of stratigraphic nomenclature, Principles of stratigraphic analysis Facies concept in stratigraphy,  Physiographic and tectonic subdivisions of India, Phanerozoic Stratigraphy of India, Volcanic provinces of India, Stratigraphic boundaries
HydrogeologyIntroduction and basic concepts, Groundwater flow, Well hydraulics and Groundwater Exploration, Groundwater chemistry, Groundwater management
Economic GeologyOres and gangues, Mineral deposits and Classical concepts of Ore formation, Mineral exploration, Structure and texture of ore deposits, Ore grade and Reserve, assessment of grade, reserve estimation, Metallic and Nonmetallic ores
GeomorphologyIntroduction to Geomorphology, Endogenic and Exogenic processes, Geoid, Topography, Hypsometry, Global Hypsometry, Major Morphological features Large Scale Topography – Ocean basins, Plate tectonics overview, Large scale mountain ranges (with emphasis on Himalaya), Surficial Processes and geomorphology, Weathering and associated landforms, Hill slopes Glacial, Periglacial processes and landforms, Fluvial processes and landforms, Aeolian Processes and landforms, Coastal Processes and landforms, Landforms associated with igneous activities, Endogenic- Exogenic interactions, Rates of uplift and denudation, Tectonics and drainage development, Sea-level change, Long-term landscape development, Overview of Indian Geomorphology, Extraterrestrial landforms
Engineering GeologyGeology vs. Engineering, Role of Engineering geologists in planning, design and construction of major man-made structural features,  Site investigation and characterization, Foundation treatment; Grouting, Rock Bolting and other support mechanisms, Intact Rock and Rock Mass properties Rock aggregates; Significance as Construction Material, Concept, Mechanism and Significance of Rock Quality Designation (RQD) Concept, Mechanism and Significance of a. Rock Structure Rating (RSR) b. Rock Mass Rating (RMR) c. Tunnelling Quality Index (Q) Geological, Geotechnical and Environmental considerations for Dams and Reservoirs, Tunnels and Tunneling Methods, Landslides; Causes, Factors and corrective/Preventive measures, Earthquakes; Causes, Factors and corrective/Preventive measures, Case histories related to Indian Civil Engineering Projects
Remote sensing and GISPhotogeology, Remote Sensing, Concepts in Remote Sensing, Digital Image Processing, Image Errors, Rectification and Restoration, FCC, Image Enhancement, Filtering, Image Rationing, Image classification and accuracy assessment. GIS Integration and Case studies-Indian Examples, GIS, Datum, Coordinate systems and Projection systems, Introduction to DEM analysis, GPS, Concepts of GPS

Discipline-Specific Elective Papers

  • Exploration Geology
  • Earth and Climate
  • Fuel Geology
  • River science
  • Evolution of life through time
  • Urban geology
  • Introduction to Geophysics

Relevant Read: MSc in Geology

Skill Enhancement Courses

  • Field Geology – I (Basic field training)
  • Field Geology – II (Geological mapping)
  • Field Geology – III ((Economic Geology field)
  • Field Geology – IV (Himalayan Geology field)
  • Field Geology – V (Precambrian Geology field)
  • Field Geology -VI (Visit to Engineering Project sites) 
  • Field Geology – VII (Stratigraphy and palaeontology-related field)
  • Project work – VIIII

General Elective Subjects

  • Essentials of Geology
  • Rocks and Minerals
  • Physics and chemistry of Earth
  • Earth resources
  • Natural hazards and Disaster management
  • Earth surface processes
  • Introduction to Sustainability
  • Fossils and their applications
  • Martian Geology
  • Soils: Present and Past
  • Studies on Cryosphere
  • Nuclear Waste management

BSc Geology Syllabus by UGC PDF
BSc Geology Syllabus by DU PDF
BSc Geology Syllabus by BHU PDF

BSc Geology Specialisations

Here are the specialisations offered in BSc Geology. Have a look at them:

Economic GeologyGeomorphology
Geophysics and GeochemistryHydrogeology
Petroleum GeologyStructural Geology

Students must pass the BSc Geology entrance exam to get admitted to the college of their choice. Entrance tests are a screening method used by colleges to determine who should be admitted. The following are some of the most popular university entrance exams:

BSc Geology Course Structure

The curriculum for geology bachelor’s degree programmes includes both theoretical and practical instruction. The purpose of the practical lab workshops is to ensure that students can apply their knowledge in real-world situations. The following is the course structure:

  • VI Semesters
  • Core Subjects
  • Elective Subjects
  • Lab Workshops 

Also Checkout: out Geotechnical Engineering

Top Universities for BSc Geology

Here are the top universities/colleges for BSc Geology in India and Abroad. Check them out:


University NameTHE World University Rankings 2022
Peking University16th
University of Toronto18th
KU Leuven42nd
Chinese University of Hong Kong49th
University of Manchester50th
The University of Queensland54th


  • Hansraj College
  • Dibrugarh University
  • Fergusson College
  • Ram Lal Anand College
  • Maharishi Dayanand University
  • Presidency College
  • Christ College
  • Banaras Hindu University
  • MG Science Institute

BSc Geology Career Scope

Students can either look for work or continue their higher education after obtaining their BSc Geology degree.

  1. Palaeontologist
  2. Geologist
  3. Petroleum geologist
  4. Mine supervisors
  5. Hydrogeologists
  6. Marine geologist
  7. Research Associate

Must Read: List of Professional Courses after Graduation

Why Study BSc Geology?

The various reasons why students opt for BSc Geology are given below:

  • Geologists are in high demand in the mining, exploration, and industrial sectors due to the importance of earth science in today’s society.
  • In addition, candidates can take part in a range of marine and environmental research projects.
  • They also offer a teaching line that is available to all graduates with a Bachelor of Science in Geology degree.
  • Students who complete the course will be able to plan programmes for the investigation of sites for the discovery of oil, gas, water, minerals, and other resources; survey and map geologically promising sites; gather, record, and analyse samples and data from test sites; and provide recommendations for reserve development.


Which is better physics or geology?

In terms of future job prospects, physics outperforms geology, particularly in the fields of teaching and research. Geology is a natural science subject, whereas Physics is fundamental science. Academic positions in geology are limited. 

What is the use of BSc geology?

After completing a BSc in Geology, you can pursue careers in mining, petrology, geophysics, and more, or you can pursue careers as a meteorologist, geophysicist, geologist, environmental educator, and more.

Is geology hard to study?

It is neither simple nor difficult. It all relies on you and your study habits, as well as whether or not you are interested in science. An introduction to a geology course is enjoyable since it teaches you about the earth, its history, and its processes.

This was all about BSc Geology Syllabus and Subjects. Are you planning to study abroad? Contact our Leverage Edu experts at 1800 57 2000  for end-to-end guidance for the application to the visa process.

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