Branches of Sociology

5 minute read
Branches of Sociology

Among the many branches of social sciences like Psychology, Anthropology, Economics, Geography, Linguistics, etc. Sociology is the study of human society. Society is a vast and complicated phenomenon and therefore it is debatable which part of society should be studied by sociology. There is a great degree of difference of opinion regarding the definitions, scope and subject matter of sociology. With so many different branches, it helps to analyze important aspects of every branch. Let us know more about the different branches of Sociology.

Also Read: Masters in Arts

1. Theoretical Sociology

Under this branch of Sociology, the theories of Karl Marx, Auguste Comte, Max Weber, Emile Durkheim, Sorokin, etc are studied under the theories of sociology. These theories are based on theoretical perspectives and the assumption that social systems like family, roles, culture, social structure, and society as a whole exist and are real.  For example, sociologists analyze different books and theories like ‘The Theories of “Economic Determinism” and the “Theory of Suicide” by Emile Durkheim. These theories help sociologists in organizing ideas and thoughts amidst the huge cluster of theories available and utilizing them simultaneously.

Also Read: Scope of Sociology as a Career

Source: EduMedicine

2. Historical Sociology

Another name in the list of branches of Sociology is History! This is considered to be the study of social facts and social groups. The background is usually studied in this category. We get to know about the social events at large. The answers to different questions are given like how and when different social groups or organizations originated. The sociologists analyze and study The history of Hindu, Roman, Greek, etc. and other major civilizations.

Also Read: BA Sociology

3. Sociology of Knowledge

This branch of sociology helps to know and help to gain knowledge of social phenomena. They come to conclusions that highlight how knowledge is always influenced by society. The economic, religious, political, and other interests save human beliefs and ideas.

Also Read: Sociology Syllabus

4. Criminology

This branch of sociology studies the criminal behaviour of people or groups of people. Many questions are answered through it, like knowing the origin of the crime, its types of nature, causes as well as law, punishment, police, etc. The efforts for improvement are also studied. Different organizations established to control crime as well as their role also come under its study for a better understanding. 

Also Read: MA Sociology Syllabus

5. Sociology of Religion

This branch of sociology helps to study the structure of religion in the social system. Since religion has a lot of impact on society and no society is free from it. It analyses the social behaviour of human beings towards religion and their faith, along with the study of religious constitutions and their role in society. 

Also Read: IGNOU BA Sociology Admission 2023

6. Sociology of Economy

This one in the list of branches of Sociology studies the production, distribution, consumption and exchange of goods and services. It helps to study the economic activities of the society in which the focus is given to the socio-cultural factors. 

Also Read: Career in Industrial Sociology

7. Rural Sociology

This branch of sociology studies the way of life of rural people as the rural population is higher than the urban. Patterns of life such as behaviour, belief, culture, traditional norms, values, etc. which are totally different from urban people are analyzed in this branch. So, it studies rural society in a scientific way. It also studies rural life, social institutions, social structure, social processes, etc. of the rural society.

Also Read: Sports Sociology: Eligibility, Requirements, Top Colleges and More

8. Urban Sociology

This branch of sociology helps to know the way of life of urban people. It gives details about the social organizations of urban society as well as the social structure and social interaction the urban people got through. It also studies the social pathology of urban society such as discrimination, crime, corruption, robbery, beggary, loot, theft, unemployment, prostitution, environmental pollution, etc.

Branches of sociology
Branches of sociology that you can pursue

Also Read: Best Sociology Optional Books for UPSC

9. Political Sociology

This branch of sociology studies different political moments in society. It includes the study of different political ideologies of individuals, their origin, development and functions. In this study, different political parties are considered as social institutions. Various activities and behaviour of political parties are studied in this branch. It helps to understand the factors on which the political decisions are taken. 

Also Read: Political Science Courses

10. Sociology of Demography

Under this branch, there are studies about the size, situation, composition, density, distribution, measurement etc. of the population. In this branch of sociology, we study the distribution of the human population with the analysis of population change from a sociological perspective. It also finds out the determining factors of population change and its trend.

Also Read: What are the Branches of Social Sciences

12. Sociology of Law

Sociology of law and the legal system are considered an integral part of society. Law is one of the very important means of social control. Law is related to other different social subsystems. This branch of sociology is related to moral order for society as formulation and implementation of rules and regulations, law and order come under this.

Also Read: Law Subjects

13. Industrial Sociology

This branch of sociology is concerned with the industrial relationship of human beings. It studies the different industrial organizations and institutions. As well as their interrelationship and links with other various institutions of society. The relationship of individuals with respect to the industrial area is analyzed. 

Also read: Masters in Sociology in Abroad


1. What are the major branches of Sociology?

Ans. The major branches of sociology include historical sociology, theoretical sociology, sociology of criminology and sociology of knowledge.

2. Who is the father of Sociology?

Ans. The French philosopher Auguste Comte is often known as the father of Sociology.

3. What are the 2 main schools in Sociology?

Ans. The two main schools of Sociology are formalistic school and synthetic school.

4. What was the first school of Sociology?

Ans. The name of the first school of Sociology is The Atlanta Sociological Laboratory.

5. Who is the father of Indian Sociology?

Ans. Govind Sadashiv Ghurye is the father of Indian Sociology.

Related Blogs:

Social Science Class 9 – French Revolution NotesList of Humanities Subjects
IGNOU BA Sociology Admission 2023BA Subjects

Along with the various branches of sociology, there are other areas as well where sociology is applied like race, occupation, art, literature, peace, culture, etc. Being a broad concept, it is important to choose the one where our interest lies.  Hope it helps you to know more about the vast subject like sociology. With so many areas to choose from, the different branches target a specific topic and help to analyze it. Feel free to drop a comment and connect with our team at Leverage Edu if you have any doubts or queries.

Leave a Reply

Required fields are marked *



  1. What is the best advice, to take Theoretical Sociology first and then choose from the other branches to continue specializing in one or go directly to the speciality branches such as Sociology of peace, for instance.

    1. Hi Senait
      It’s compeltely your choice to choose a specialisation during bachelors or go for Theoretical Sicioligy first and then choose a specialisation for your masters. You can even reach out to our experts at 1800572000 to find out the best fit course and university for your field of study!

  2. I like this page because of your contribution to students where ever they live or work. Thank you so much