Crime Vocabulary for IELTS Exam

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Crime Vocabulary For IELTS

The International English Language Testing System (IELTS) is a widely recognized examination for assessing English language proficiency, including the ability to comprehend and communicate on various topics. In the context of crime, a robust vocabulary is crucial for achieving a high band score. In this blog, we will aim to explore essential crime-related vocabulary for the IELTS exam. Keep reading the blog to know more. 

Basic Vocabulary for Types of Crime

Below, we have mentioned some popular words for violent/property crimes and their meaning.

Violent Crimes

  • Murder: The unlawful killing of another person.
  • Assault: The act of physically attacking someone.
  • Robbery: Theft involving force or threat of force against a person.
  • Rape: Non-consensual sexual intercourse.
  • Kidnapping: The act of taking someone by force, typically to demand ransom or exert control.

Also Read: IELTS Study Material

Property Crimes

  • Theft: The act of taking someone else’s property without permission.
  • Burglary: Unlawfully entering a building with the intent to commit a crime.
  • Arson: The deliberate act of setting fire to property.
  • Fraud: Intentional deception for personal or financial gain.
  • Vandalism: The deliberate destruction or damage of property.

Also Read: IELTS Slot Booking Process

Basic Vocabulary for Criminal Justice System

Below, we have mentioned the basic vocabulary for the criminal justice system including its meaning.

Law Enforcement

  • Police: Officers responsible for maintaining law and order, investigating crimes, and apprehending criminals.
  • Detective: A specialist investigator working on complex criminal cases.
  • Surveillance: The monitoring of individuals or locations to gather evidence.
  •  Defendant: An individual accused of a crime in a court of law.
  •  Prosecutor: A lawyer representing the state or government in a criminal case.
  •  Evidence: Facts, objects, or information presented to establish the truth or falsehood of a claim.
  •  Verdict: The decision reached by a jury or judge in a trial.
  •  Sentence: The punishment was given to a convicted criminal.

Punishments and Rehabilitation

  •  Prison: A facility where individuals convicted of crimes are incarcerated.
  •  Probation: A period of supervision granted instead of imprisonment.
  •  Rehabilitation: Programs aimed at reforming offenders and reintegrating them into society.
  •  Community Service: Unpaid work performed by offenders as a form of punishment.
  •  Parole: Early release from prison, with continued supervision and conditions.

Basic Vocabulary for Crime Prevention and Security 

Measures and Strategies

  • CCTV: Closed-circuit television systems used for surveillance.
  • Alarm System: An electronic device designed to alert in case of unauthorized entry or security breach.
  • Neighbourhood Watch: A community-based program for preventing crime through vigilance and cooperation.
  • Cybersecurity: Protection against unauthorized access, theft, or damage to computer systems or data.
  • Self-Defence: Techniques and methods to protect oneself from physical harm.
  • Legislation: Laws created by a governing body to regulate and control various aspects of society.
  • Deterrence: The use of punishment as a means to discourage potential offenders.
  • Rehabilitation: The aim of the criminal justice system is to reform and reintegrate offenders into society.
  • Restorative Justice: An approach focused on repairing the harm caused by crime through dialogue and reconciliation.
  • Human Rights: Fundamental rights and freedoms to which all individuals are entitled.


What is the importance of crime vocabulary in the IELTS exam?

Crime vocabulary is crucial in the IELTS exam as it demonstrates a strong lexical resource, which is one of the key criteria for scoring high on the test. It also allows you to effectively analyze and discuss crime-related issues, which are commonly addressed in the IELTS speaking and writing tasks.

How can I improve my crime vocabulary for the IELTS exam?

To expand your crime vocabulary, you can engage in various activities. Firstly, read extensively on crime-related topics such as news articles, books, and online resources. Pay attention to the vocabulary used to describe different types of crimes, legal terminology, and the criminal justice system. Secondly, watch documentaries or movies centred around crime and take note of the vocabulary used in those contexts.

What are some crime-related idioms or phrasal verbs that can be useful for the IELTS exam?

Here are a few crime-related idioms and phrasal verbs that you can incorporate into your IELTS preparation.
(1) Caught Red-handed: Caught in the act of committing a crime or doing something wrong.
(2) Break Into: To enter a building unlawfully, usually with the intent to steal.

A strong command of crime-related vocabulary is essential for excelling in the IELTS exam, especially in the speaking and writing sections. By familiarizing themselves with the diverse range of crime vocabulary presented in this essay, test takers can articulate their thoughts effectively and display them.

Candidates who want to prepare for IELTS or any other language proficiency test, can Build a plan with Leverage Edu‘s Leverage Live classes and our top trainers and strengthen your English score as well as your application so that you can secure your spot in your dream college.

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