Human Rights Day- History, Theme, Importance

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International Human Rights Day

Every year, the International Human Rights Day is observed on 10 December. This day was specifically chosen to honor the UN General Assembly’s adoption and proclamation of UDHR or Universal Declaration which happened on 10 December 1948. In this document, one can find the basic rights to which every citizen is entitled, regardless of factors like race, ethnicity, gender, sex, religion, etc. For the unaware, human rights refer to those fundamental ones which include the right to live, education, freedom of speech, practice religion, and so on. Interestingly, the year 2023 will mark the 75th anniversary of this glorious milestone in the history of this world.  

Name of the eventInternational Human Rights Day
Observed on10 December
2023 Theme Consolidating and Sustaining Human Rights Culture into the Future
Motive To raise awareness about the importance of rights mentioned in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). 

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History and UDHR

Source: Infotainment

Here is an overview of the history of the day and what the UDHR actually is:

  • As mentioned earlier, this day is held annually. It commemorates the adoption of the UDHR.
  • On December 4, 1950, the UN General Assembly passed the famous resolution 423 (V). It invited all the UN members to observe Human Rights Day annually on December 10 thus marking the anniversary of the UDHR proclamation. 
  • The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a document that contains the freedoms of all humans.  
  • It was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 10, 1948, in Paris, France.
  • It is believed that the mass destruction, the loss of life, and mass displacement involved in World War II played a significant role in shaping the UDHR. 
  • The UDHR consists of a short preamble which further contains 30 different articles.
  • According to the UDHR, these rights are guaranteed to every person irrespective of their gender, race, sex, religion, and other status.  
  • Additionally, the UDHR is divided into three different parts, each equipped with its own set of rights to discuss. 

Also Read: Essay on Human Rights

Theme for 2023

Ever since the UDHR or the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted in 1948, the concept of rights has started to be recognized worldwide more than ever. This simple yet essential document has served as the foundation. Moving on, the official theme for 2023 has been announced by the UN. For this year, the theme of Freedom, Equality, and Justice for All has been finalized which essentially reflects the significance of this prominent day. Similarly, the call to action for this year is #StandUp4HumanRights. 

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The Importance of Human Rights Day 

This day holds great significance for every human being on this planet. It is an essential document which is important for a variety of reasons such as:

  • Commemorating the UDHR
  • Raising awareness about the basic rights of all humans.
  • Encouraging common people to take action and protect rights essential to humans.
  • Uphold the rights of fellow citizens.

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What are the 10 human rights?

The 10 basic human rights include freedom of speech, right to social security, right to education, freedom of movement, freedom of association, right to a fair trial, right to privacy, civil and political rights, right to work and education, and freedom of religion. 

Who introduced Human Rights Day?

This day was introduced by the United Nations General Assembly. The Declaration was made by the UN General Assembly on 10 December 1948 in Paris. Interestingly, it has been translated multiple times in over 500 languages, making it one of the most translated documents in the world. 

Where are the headquarters of the United Nations Human Rights located?

The headquarters is located in Geneva, Switzerland. 

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