Who Was The Founder Of Maratha Empire?

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who was the founder of Maratha Empire

The Maratha Empire was founded by a legendary warrior and statesman Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in the 1670s. The empire was one of the largest and most powerful empires in Indian history. Its greatness dates back centuries and is filled with fascinating stories of conquest and valour. The blog tries to answer who was the founder of Maratha Empire and more information about it. Let’s read together.

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj

  • Shivaji Maharaj was born in 1630 and was the founder of the Maratha Empire.
  • He was a brilliant military strategist, a skilled administrator and a visionary leader.
  • Shivaji Maharaj is often hailed as the pioneer of guerrilla warfare tactics in India.
  • Under his leadership, the Marathas expanded their territories and established a strong foothold in the region.
  • He was known for his courage, valour and unwavering dedication to his people.

At the age of 16, he started his journey of establishing the Maratha empire. In due process, he successfully challenged the might of the Mughal Empire and the Bijapur Sultanate.

Also Read – The Treaty of Purandar Between Maratha and British

Administration of the Maratha Empire

From the early 17th century to the early 18th century, various dynasties of Maratha rulers were led by the Chhatrapati or Maratha emperor who founded the empire in the 1670s. 

  • The Peshwa, who came into the picture in the 1720s, took control of a vast area of the Indian subcontinent. 
  • Although the Peshwas initially served as subordinates to the Chhatrapati, they later became the Maratha leaders and the Chhatrapati’s role was reduced to being just a nominal ruler.
  • However, during the 19th century, the Peshwas were eventually reduced to nominal rulers under various Maratha nobles and later the British East India Company. 
  • In 1818, the last Peshwa was deposed. Although the Satara Chhatrapati continued to nominally rule over the Satara state until 1848 and the Kolhapur Chhatrapati until 1947, their power was limited.
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