Who Wrote Humayun Nama?

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who wrote humayun nama

Humayun Nama is a historical text that highlights the life and reign of the Mughal Emperor Humayun. But have you ever wondered who wrote Humayun Nama? Humayun Nama was written by Gulbadan Begum, also known as the “Memoirs of Humayun”. It is an autobiography of the second Mughal Emperor of India, Humayun. The book was written during the reign of the emperor Akbar, Humayun’s son, in the 16th century. 

Credit- Feminism in India

Who was Gulbadan Begum?

The author of Humayun Nama is Gulbadan Begum and Humayun’s sister. Born in 1523, she belonged to the distinguished Timurid dynasty and was raised in a cultured and scholarly environment. She was the daughter of the first Mughal Emperor Babur

  • She was a well-educated and articulate woman who held an important and integral position in the Mughal court. 
  • Her firsthand account of Humayun’s life and struggles gives readers a unique perspective on the challenges faced by the Mughal Empire during that period. 
  • She thus became the first woman author and the only female historian.
  •  It was at the request of her nephew Mughal Emperor Akbar, that she started to portray the life of her brother.

Also Read – Who Is The Father Of Akbar?

Literary Style

Humayun Nama covers a wide range of themes, including family dynamics, court politics and military campaigns. As a female author in a male-dominated society, Gulbadan Begum’s perspective in Humayun Nama provides a refreshing and often overlooked view of Mughal history.

Its vivid descriptions and personal anecdotes characterize Gulbadan Begum’s writing style. Her detailed narrative brings to life the events and personalities of the Mughal court, making the text both engaging and informative for readers. She wrote briefly about her father and stories like Humayun’s confrontation with his half-brother Kamran Mirza. 

Scholars consider Humayun Nama to be a reliable historical source due to Gulbadan Begum’s proximity to the events she describes. Her intimate knowledge of the Mughal court and personal experiences with Humayun lend credibility to the text.

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