What is the Full Form of FTP?

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The full form of FTP is the File Transfer Protocol. It is a commonly used protocol for transferring files from one computer to another over a TCP/IP-based network, such as the internet between a client and a server on a computer network. It provides a simple and efficient way to exchange files where the client can perform various file operations, such as uploading, downloading, renaming, and deleting files. In this article, we will discuss FTP full form and its importance in the world of networking and file sharing.

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History of FTP

  • FTP features were first developed by Abhay Bhushan.
  • The concept was formulated on 16th April 1971 as RFC 114.
  • By June 1980, RFC 765 took over RFC 114.
  • Currently, RFC 959 is ongoing.  

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How does FTP work?

FTP works on the client-server model, where the client is a user’s computer or a software application and the server is a remote computer or a server hosting an FTP server software. 

  • When a user signs in to the account, authorisation and authentication are automatically given by the user.
  • The transfer of files from a server to the client is called Downloading,
  • The transfer of files from a client to a server is called Uploading.

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Advantages of FTP

FTP offers several advantages that make it a preferred choice for file transfer:

  1. Ease of Use: It does not require advanced technical knowledge. With a simple FTP client software, users can easily connect to an FTP server and transfer files.
  2. Efficiency: FTP is designed to efficiently transfer files over the network. It uses binary or ASCII mode for transferring data, allowing files to be transferred without any loss of data.
  3. Reliability: It supports resumable file transfers, allowing interrupted transfers to be resumed from where they left off.
  4. Security: FTP supports secure versions, such as FTPS (FTP over SSL) and SFTP (SSH File Transfer Protocol), which provide encryption and authentication for secure file transfers.

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FTP vs Other File Transfer Methods

While FTP is a widely used file transfer protocol, there are other file transfer methods available:

  1. HTTP: Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is primarily used for transmitting HTML pages over the internet. Unlike FTP, HTTP does not provide direct file manipulation capabilities.
  2. SCP: Secure Copy Protocol (SCP) is a secure file transfer protocol similar to FTP but uses the SSH (Secure Shell) protocol for encryption and authentication. It is mostly used on Unix-like systems.
  3. Cloud Storage: Cloud storage services, such as Google Drive and Dropbox, offer file-sharing and synchronization capabilities. While convenient, these services may have file size limitations and require an internet connection.
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