How to Become a Magistrate in India?

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The development of our country’s judicial system has been an ongoing process. Since ancient times, there has always been some mechanism or paradigm to look after the needs and problems of the people and to maintain peace in the ancient society as a community. When the British came to India, they brought striking changes to the Indian Judicial system with the closest-ever demarcation among the organs of the government. However, under British rule, there were many entrenched issues with the Judicial System which were taken up by the leaders of our country after independence. We got the Judiciary system that we see today working in their own capacities to maintain peace and law in the society. If you are interested in getting into the professional role of Judicial Magistrate in India, you can get related information about it in this blog. Keep reading! 

Who is a Magistrate?

A Judicial Magistrate is a professional officer who is responsible to maintain law and order in a limited and defined jurisdiction. They have the power to enforce laws to control petty crimes in the defined area, like thefts, traffic violations, and other non-violent crimes which are already specified with clear punishments and penalties. Their area of jurisdiction spans a district or town. They are employed at the lower level of jurisdiction to lessen the burden of judges to clear other more serious crimes and misdemeanors. There are different types of Magistrates who have certain differences in their role. They are as follows:

  • Chief Judicial Magistrate- This official is appointed by the respective high court.
  • Special Judicial Magistrate- This official is also appointed by the respective high court of the state.
  • Executive Magistrate- The magistrate is an official of the local government appointed by the government.

Also Read: Law Entrance Exams: India and Abroad

How to Become a Magistrate?

To become a magistrate in India, there are several ways through which an aspiring candidate can qualify to become one. There are different types of aspiring candidates at different stages of their profession and some of them can also qualify to become one after only completing their law degree as fresh law graduates

To become a magistrate just after completing their academics in the legal field, there are the following steps to follow:

Step 1: The candidate must secure a law degree from a recognized university in India. Must secure in the final examination a minimum aggregate of 55% in the undergraduate degree in law or if have completed Masters in Law, must have the 55% aggregate in the final exams.

Step 2: Must be enrolled as an Advocate under the Advocates Act 1961 with membership in the state bar council. 

Step 2: Must have cleared the judicial examinations conducted by respective state governments. The judiciary examinations are conducted in three stages, which include Prelims, Mains, and Interviews. 

Step 3: After clearing all the stages of the exams, the candidate is qualified for magistrate allotment after a formal recruitment letter from respective state governments.

As Advocate, Pleader or Attorney 

 Step 1: The candidate must secure a law degree from a recognized University in India with a minimum aggregate of 55% in the final exams.

Step 2: Must have practiced in the High Court or Subordinate Courts as an advocate, attorney, or pleader with not less than 3 years of experience in their respective field.

There are some other legal professional roles that can qualify you to become a Magistrate. Some of them are as follows:

  • Members of Ministerial Staff to the High Court
  • Members of Ministerial Staff to the courts subordinate to the High Courts
  • Members of Ministerial Staff of the Office of the Government Pleaders attached to those courts

Eligibility to Become a Magistrate in India

To become a magistrate in India, there are certain essential qualifications that must be fulfilled by the candidate. The most essential requirements are as follows:

  • Must be a citizen of India
  • Candidates must be between 21 to 35 years old (can vary as per different states and as per different professional roles)
  • Must possess a law degree from a recognized university

Must Read: A Detailed Guide to Start a Career in Law

Exams to Become a Magistrate in India

In India, the magistrates and judges are recruited on the basis of different exams conducted by respective State governments. The judiciary exam is conducted in three stages which have to be passed by candidates in a consecutive manner to qualify for the exam. The three stages of the judiciary exam are as follows:

  • Prelims– This stage includes objective-type questions. This exam acts as a screening test for the mains exam to be conducted in the next stage. This exam includes questions mainly on general aptitude and general knowledge which may differ for different states.
  • Mains– This stage consists of descriptive-type questions which test the in-depth knowledge regarding the subject while testing the writing and analysis skills of candidates. The questions are mainly based on law subjects or legal aspects of different topics.
  • Viva– This is the personal interview stage where the candidate has to sit for an in-person talk before the evaluating bench which consists of intelligent dignitaries. This forms the last stage of the exam where the marks get added to the main exam’s marks to add to the final score. 

Salary of a Magistrate in India

The salary of a Magistrate varies from state to state and is set up as per the rule set up by different State governments. However, the average salary of a Magistrate in India is around INR 8,00,000 to INR 12,00,000. 

Also Read: Difference between Lawyer and Advocate

Difference Between a Magistrate and a Judge

Although both the magistrate and a judge are destined to the same judicial governing and responsibilities. There are certain stark differences between the two, which have been mentioned as follows.

Designation Magistrate Judge
Appointment High Courts appoint the Magistrate Appointment by the President of India
Role A civil officer or judicial officer with specific smaller areas, like districts under the
A major judicial officer with larger areas and greater responsibilities
Punishment Does not have the power to award life imprisonment or death sentence Can award death sentence or life imprisonment
Jurisdiction Smaller as compared to a Judge Vast areas under the jurisdiction
Power Lesser power  More power
Average Salary INR 20,00,000 to 24,00,000 INR 8,00,000 to 12,00,000


Can I become a Judge without LLB?

No, it is an essential prerequisite for a candidate to hold a bachelor’s degree in Law from a recognised University in India to be eligible to sit for judiciary exams or to practice law and hence, to become a judge in India.

Is LLM necessary for Judiciary?

No, LLM is not necessary for the Judiciary. Though a bachelor’s in Law is mandatory to be qualified to sit for any judiciary exam or to become a Judge in India.

What is the average salary of a Judge in India?

The average salary of a judge in India is around INR 20 lakhs to INR 24 lakhs.

This was everything related to information regarding a Magistrate in India.. If you wish to learn about other careers in India then do visit our page. Also. don’t forget to follow us here, Facebook Instagram Twitter and Linkedin.

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