# Famous Mathematicians of All Times

We all are tricked by those complex integration and differentiation questions. But have you ever wondered how we scaled to new heights in the field of Mathematics? Who stated that integration will be represented by ‘∫ ’ symbol? Who derived those tricky identities and formulas? Why is the value of always 3.14? All the aforementioned statements are life-changing discoveries by famous mathematicians. If you are perplexed by these questions and want to know more about them, read through the blog as it aims to highlight the contributions made by great minds in the field of mathematics!

## Pythagoras of Samos (Circa 570- 495 BC)

Known as the Founding Father of Modern Mathematics, Pythagoras was a famous greek mathematician. Pythagoras is often credited for the discovery of the famous Pythagorean Cult. The Pythagoras Theorem has now become an integral part of various applications of mathematics.

## Leonhard Euler (1707- 1783)

Do you enjoy playing Sudoku? This unique game would not have existed without the contributions of Euler in the field. One of the most famous mathematicians, who have published around 900 books and is fondly remembered for his formula ei + 1= 0, where is the Euler’s number. F(x), sigma (), i as well as are marked under his discoveries.

## Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777- 1855)

Known as the ‘Prince of Mathematics’, Gauss contributed major discoveries to this field around his teenage. His notable works are number theory (especially on Prime Numbers), the introduction of Gaussian Gravitational constant, proof of the fundamental theorem of Algebra, and much more, that too before the age of 24!

A revolutionary name back in the 4th century was that of Hypatia who was a brilliant scholar in Alexandria. Regarded as one of the famous mathematicians, she is prominently known for her edited version of the Greek mathematical text called Euclid’s The Elements.

## Euclid

Euclid’s discoveries opened gates to the world of Geometry. Also known as the Father of Geometry, he lived around 300 BCE years ago. His profound magnum opus- Elements, is a milestone in the field of mathematics. His works were way ahead of the time as they still have a valuable presence in the current maths syllabus and thus, Euclid is a notable mention in our list of famous mathematicians.

## Archimedes (287 – 212 BC)

Archimedes is a famous greek mathematician, scientist, and physician. He worked his entire life to discover mathematical formulas in the field of physics. His best contributions to mathematics are compound pulleys, antiquity, and screw pumps.

## Antiphon (480-411 BC)

Antiphon discovered the value of pi. He was the first person who calculated the upper bound and lower bound values of Pi by inscribing and circumscribing around a circle, the polygon, and processed finally to calculate the areas of the polygon.

## Aryabhatta (476-550 CE)

Born in Patliputra (Patna), India, Aryabhata is ranked amongst the famous Indian mathematicians because of a variety of contributions. He was the first one to state that there are 365 days in a year and calculated the value of pi () up to 4 decimal places. Apart from this, he is also the founder of the identity (a+b)2=a2+b2+2ab

Mathematics would not have been the same without Zero! Hence, the credit for Zero goes to popular Indian mathematicians Brahmagupta. The field of mathematics witnessed a paradigm shift due to his remarkable contribution. Along with this, he even elucidated the process of calculating squares, cubes, square roots and cube roots of integers.

## Srinivasa Ramanujan (1887-1920)

Described as ‘Natural Mathematical Genius’ by G.H. Hardy, Srinivasa Iyengar Ramanujan is globally renowned for the Landau-Ramanajun Constant. In his short lifespan of 32 years, he majorly contributed in concepts like number theory, continued fractions, infinite series, partial sums, elliptic functions, mathematical analysis, etc.