Summary: NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 54
In NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 4, we learn about Panchayati Raj, which means ‘local government. It’s important because it helps us understand how our villages are governed. Panchayati Raj has three levels: Gram Panchayat (village level), Panchayat Samiti (block level), and Zila Parishad (district level). Each group has its own responsibilities. The Gram Panchayat takes care of village matters like clean water, roads, and schools. Panchayat Samiti looks after a group of villages and manages bigger issues like health centers and roads. Zila Parishad is in charge of even bigger areas and handles things like hospitals and agriculture projects. These levels work together to make decisions for the betterment of our villages. They listen to the needs of the people and work towards solving problems.
Read this blog “Full Form of PRI” to learn more about Panchayati Raj Institutions.
Important Questions and Answers in NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 4
1. What problem did the villagers in Hardas village face? What did they do to solve this problem?
Ans. In Hardas village, the villagers faced a problem of water scarcity. To solve this problem, they came together in a Gram Sabha meeting and discussed possible solutions. They decided to dig a pond to collect rainwater.
2. What, in your opinion, is the importance of the Gram Sabha? Do you think all members should attend Gram Sabha meetings? Why?
Ans. The Gram Sabha is very important because it’s a gathering of all eligible voters in a village to discuss and make decisions about local issues. Yes, all members should attend Gram Sabha meetings because it ensures that everyone’s voice is heard, and decisions are made collectively for the benefit of the village.
3. What is the link between a Gram Sabha and a Gram Panchayat?
Ans. The Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat are closely linked. The Gram Sabha is a general assembly of all eligible voters in a village, where they discuss and make decisions about local issues. The Gram Panchayat, on the other hand, is the elected body responsible for carrying out these decisions and implementing various developmental activities in the village.
4. Take an example of any one task done by a Panchayat in your area/ nearby rural area
and find out the following:
a. Why it was taken up.
a. They took up this task to improve transportation for the villagers and connect different parts of the village.
b. Where the money came from.
b. The money for this project might have come from government funds allocated for local development projects.
c. Whether or not the work has been completed.
c. You should check with local authorities to find out if the road has been completed.
5. What is the difference between a Gram Sabha and a Gram Panchayat?
Ans. A Gram Sabha is a general assembly of all eligible voters in a village, where they discuss and make decisions about local issues. A Gram Panchayat, on the other hand, is the elected body responsible for carrying out these decisions and implementing various developmental activities in the village. So, the Gram Sabha makes decisions, and the Gram Panchayat executes those decisions. They work together to improve the village.
6. Read the following news item.
|Nimone is a village on the Chauphula-Shirur Road. Like many others, this village has also been facing a severe water shortage for the last few months and villagers depend on tankers for all their needs. Bhagvan Mahadeo Lad (35) of this village was beaten with sticks, iron rods and axes by a group of seven men. The incident came to light when some villagers brought a badly injured Lad to hospital for treatment. In the FIR recorded by the police Lad said that he was attacked when he insisted that the water in the tanker must be emptied into the storage tanks constructed as part of the water supply scheme by Nimone Gram Panchayat so that there would be equal distribution of water. However, he alleged that the upper caste men were against this and told him that the tanker water was not meant for the lower castes.
Adapted from Indian Express, May 1, 2004
a. Why was Bhagvan beaten?
He wanted the tanker water to be emptied into the storage tanks, as a part of the water supply scheme by Nimone Gram Panchayat.
b. Do you think that the above is a case of discrimination? Why?
It was a clear case of caste discrimination, as he was beaten up by people belonging to an upper caste, who insisted that lower caste people did not have the rights over the tanker water.
7. Find out more about watershed development and how it benefits an area.
Ans. Watershed development is a process that helps in managing and conserving water resources in a specific area. It’s like taking care of a big bowl-shaped area where rainwater collects. Watershed development benefits in the following ways;
- Watershed development helps to store rainwater so that there’s enough water for drinking, farming, and other needs. This is super important, especially in places where water is scarce.
- It also stops the soil from getting washed away by rain. This is great for farmers because it helps to keep the soil fertile and suitable for growing crops.
- Watershed development promotes a healthy environment by preserving the natural balance. It also helps in protecting plants, animals, and the overall ecosystem.
- Managing water properly reduces the chances of floods during heavy rains.
- It can also create job opportunities for people in activities like building check dams, planting trees, and conserving water.
|CBSE NCERT Notes Class 6 English
|CBSE NCERT Notes Class 6 History
|CBSE NCERT Notes Class 6 Geography
|CBSE NCERTNotes Class 6 Civics
|CBSE NCERT Notes Class 6 Mathematics
|CBSE Notes of Class 6 Science
Explore CBSE Notes for other subjects:
Ans: The chapter helps us understand how our villages are governed. Panchayati Raj has three levels: Gram Panchayat (village level), Panchayat Samiti (block level), and Zila Parishad (district level). Each group has its own responsibilities.
Ans: Panchayati Raj has three levels: Gram Panchayat (village level), Panchayat Samiti (block level), and Zila Parishad (district level).
Ans: A Gram Panchayat consists of a village or two to three villages together, which are divided into wards. One candidate stands for election from each ward. The successful candidate from all the wards form the panch. The head of the panchas is called the sarpanch who is selected through voting among the panchas.
Follow Leverage Edu for complete study material on CBSE Notes of Class 6 Civics