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NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 4 What Books and Burials Tell Us: Notes and Solutions (Free PDF)

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Class 6 History Chapter 4

NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 4 called “What Books and Burials Tell Us,” begins by introducing us to the importance of studying history through books and archaeological findings. To know the details of the content of the lesson, you can refer to the summary section of te notes. Thereafter, you get a recap of important dates and definitions in this History lesson. Also, you will find NCERT solutions in the notes, which will help you score well in your tests and exams.

Chapter 1Chapter 2Chapter 3Chapter 4Chapter 5
Chapter 6Chapter 7Chapter 8Chapter 9Chapter 10

Summary: NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 4

Through this chapter, we understand how books and archaeological findings give us valuable insights into the past, helping us learn and appreciate the rich history of ancient India.

The chapter then takes us back in time to the Harappan civilization, where we learn about their advanced cities and way of life. We discover how cleverly they designed their cities and used a special script for writing. Next, the chapter tells about the Vedic period, showing us how the Aryans lived and what they believed in. We learn about their sacred texts called the Vedas, which tell us about their customs and traditions. As we move forward, the chapter reveals stories about the Mauryan and Gupta empires, highlighting their achievements in various fields like art, literature, and administration.

Also Read: Indus Valley Civilization

Important Dates in NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 4

This will answer the important dates in class 6 History chapter 4:

EventDate
Beginning of the composition of the Vedas About 3500 years ago
Beginning of the building of megaliths About 3000 years ago
Settlement at Inamgaon Between 3600 and 2700 years ago
CharakaAbout 2000 years ago

Important Definitions in NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 4

  • Veda: In ancient India, Vedas were very important books of knowledge. They were written in Sanskrit and had teachings about rituals, prayers, and philosophy. There are four Vedas: Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda, and Atharvaveda.
  • Language: Language is the way people communicate with each other. It involves using words, sounds, and gestures to convey thoughts, feelings, and information. Different places have different languages.
  • Hymn: A hymn is a special kind of song or poem that is often used in religious ceremonies. It is meant to praise or show devotion to various gods and goddesses.
  • Chariot: A chariot is an ancient vehicle with wheels that was pulled by horses. It was used in battles and sometimes for transportation. It had wheels and a platform for people to stand on.
  • Sacrifice: Sacrifice is a religious ritual where something valuable, like an animal or food, is offered to a deity as a sign of devotion or to seek blessings. It was an important practice in ancient times.
  • Slave: A slave is a person who is owned by someone else and is made to work for them without being paid. They don’t have the freedom to make their own choices and have to do what their owner tells them to do. 
  • Megalith: A megalith is a large and heavy stone that was used in ancient times to build structures like monuments, tombs, and other important places. These stones were often arranged in a special way by ancient people.
  • Burial: Burial refers to the act of placing a deceased person’s body in the ground, a tomb, or a special place meant for the final resting. This is done as a way to show respect and honour to the person who has passed away.
  • Skeletal: Skeletal refers to anything related to the skeleton, which is the framework of bones that gives shape and support to the human or animal body. When we talk about skeletal remains, we mean the bones of a person or an animal after they have died.
  • Iron: Iron is a strong and hard metal that was very important in ancient times for making tools, weapons, and various other objects. It played a crucial role in shaping early human civilizations

Also Read: The Invention of Wheel: Discoverer, History and Facts

Source: Magnet Brains
Chapter 1Chapter 2Chapter 3Chapter 4Chapter 5
Chapter 6Chapter 7Chapter 8Chapter 9Chapter 10

Important Questions and Answers in NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 4

1. Match the columns

1SuktaAStone boulder
2ChariotsBSacrifice
3YajnaCWell-said
4DasaDUsed in battles
5MegalithESlave

Ans: 

1- A

2- D

3- B

4- E

5- A

2. Complete the sentences.

(a) Slaves were used for work.

(b) Megaliths are found in South India, Kashmir, North East.

(c) Stone circles or boulders on the surface were used to point out the exact place of burial.

(d) Port holes were used for burying other members of the same family at the same place.

(e) People at Inamgaon ate peas, pulses, rice, barley, and sesame.

3. In what ways are the books we read today different from the Rigveda?

Ans. The books we read today are different from the Rigveda in the following ways:

  • The Rigveda is one of the oldest books in the world, written over 3,000 years ago in ancient India. It contains hymns and prayers. In contrast, the books we read today cover a wide range of topics and genres like stories, science, history, and more.
  • The Rigveda was written in an ancient language called Sanskrit, which is different from the languages we use today like English, Hindi, and others. Our modern books are written in languages that have evolved over time.
  • The information in the books has changed. Rigveda mainly focuses on religious and spiritual ideas, while modern books can be about almost anything – from adventures to mysteries, from facts about the world to fictional stories.

So, the books we read today are different from the Rigveda in terms of age, language, and the variety of topics they cover. 

4. What kind of evidence from burials do archaeologists use to find out whether there were social differences amongst those who were buried? 

Ans. Archaeologists think that objects found with a skeleton probably belonged to the dead person. Sometimes, more objects are found in one grave than in another. Archaeologists use different evidence from burials to learn about social differences. They look at things like the types of objects buried with a person, how the burial is done, and the location of the grave. For example, if someone is buried with valuable items, it might mean they are influential or rich. Also, where a person is buried in relation to others can show social status. This helps archaeologists understand if there were differences in how people were seen in their society. 

5. In what ways do you think that the life of a raja was different from that of a dasa or dasi?

Ans. The life of a Raja was different from that of a Dasa or Dasi in the following ways;

  • A raja was a king or a ruler. They were at the top of the social hierarchy and had a lot of power and authority. A dasa or dasi were slaves or servants. They did not have any power or authority and had to serve the raja and their family.
  • Rajas lived in big, grand palaces. They had many rooms, gardens, and servants to take care of them. Dasas and dasis did not have their own homes. They usually lived in small huts or in quarters provided by the raja.
  • Rajas did not have to do physical work. They were in charge of making important decisions for their kingdom and looking after their people. Dasas and Dasis had to do all sorts of work for the raja. They worked in fields, did household chores, and served the raja’s family.
  • Rajas wore fancy clothes made of expensive materials like silk and gold. They also wore jewellery and had special symbols of their power. Dasas and dasis wore simpler clothes made from basic materials. They didn’t have fancy jewelry or symbols of power.
  • Rajas often received special education and training to become good rulers. They learned about governing, diplomacy, and other important skills. Dasas and Dasasis usually did not have access to formal education. They learned practical skills for their work.
  • Rajas had a lot of freedom and rights. They could make decisions about their kingdom and had the authority to enforce rules. Dasas and Dasis had very limited freedom. They had to do what the raja told them and did not have the right to make decisions.
CBSE NCERT Notes Class 6 EnglishCBSE NCERT Notes Class 6 Civics
CBSE NCERT Notes Class 6 GeographyCBSE NCERT Notes Class 6 Maths 

FAQs

Q.1. When did the composition of the Vedas begin? 

Ans: The composition of the Vedas began about 3500 years ago.

Q.2. What do you mean by megalith?

Ans: A megalith is a large and heavy stone that was used in ancient times to build structures like monuments, tombs, and other important places. These stones were often arranged in a special way by ancient people.

Q.3. Where are the Megaliths found?

Ans: Megaliths are found in South India, Kashmir, and North East.

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