Essay on Guru Nanak Jayanti in 500 Words

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Essay On Guru Nanak Jayanti

Essay on Guru Nanak Jayanti: Guru Nanak Jayanti is celebrated as the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the first Sikh Guru. Guru Nanak Dev Ji was the founder of Sikhism and was responsible for shaping the beliefs of this community. There are a total of 10 Sikh Gurus. This festival is annually observed on the Full Moon Day or Purnima of the Lunar Month Kartik. Guru Nanak Jayanti, popularly known as Gurpurab, will be celebrated on 27th November 2023. 

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About Guru Nanak Dev Ji

Guru Nanak Dev Ji was born in the mid-15th century in Talwani (Pakistan) and at the age of 30, he showed great interest in spiritual learning. His spiritual teachings had a profound impact on a large number of people, after which he founded a new community, known as Sikkhism. Due to differences in religious ideologies, he confronted many local rulers, where he was heavily backed by a large number of indigenous people. To spread his teachings, he traveled to far-off places such as Tibet, Sri Lanka, Mecca, and Medina. 

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One of the central teachings of Guru Nanak Ji was about the ‘Oneness of God’ and the promotion of tolerance, equality, and social justice. This festival is not just a sacred event but an occasion to reflect on all his teachings and work to incorporate them into our lives. Some of the popular teachings by Guru Nanak Dev Ji are:

  • He preached the teachings of ‘ek onkar’ known as the Oneness of God.
  • Community spirit and solidarity.
  • Anyone with a clear conscience can connect with god.
  • Remembrance of God, known as ‘Naam Simran’.
  • Living an honest life through hard work and dedication.
  • Contentment and Detachment from material possessions.
  • Equal status for women and condemning social discrimination against them.


Celebrations for Gurpurab are marked by religious and social activities, such as offering prayers, chanting hymns, and reading of the Guru Granth Sahib. 

  • This day starts at 4 or 5 in the morning, referred to as Amrit Vela.
  • Religious processions, known as ‘Nagar Kirtans’ are organized.
  • Sikh people carry their community flag, known as ‘Nishan Sahib’.
  • Messages of Guru Nanak Dev Ji are spread among different communities as a sign of oneness.
  • Langar, known as community kitchens, are organized at different places, where free food is served to everyone.
  • This day is marked as a state holiday in Punjab and other areas of India.
  • At Gurudwaras, special Kirtans and Katha programs are organized, where speakers share insights and stories from the life and teachings of Guru Nanak.

This age-old festival has great significance in not just the Sikh religion but in other communities as well. It teaches us the importance of oneness and what benefits we all can gain by living together. The celebrations and teachings of Gurpurab are not limited to the Sikh people. People from other communities and religions are also welcomed in the celebrations where unity programs are organized at community centers to spread and raise awareness about Sikhism.

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200 Words Paragraph on Guru Nanak Jayanti

Guru Nanak Jayanti or Gurpurab is a popular Sikh festival which is annually celebrated on the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Guru Nanak Dev Ji is regarded as the founder of the Sikh community in the late fifteenth century. His life and teachings left a memorable mark on Sikh philosophy and inspired millions of people in both India and abroad. He stated that there are no religious boundaries: ‘There is no Hindu, there is no Muslim.’ Guru Nanak’s teachings explain the concepts of the oneness of God, the equality of all humans, and the importance of selfless service. He rejected societal hierarchies and promoted the concept of Langar, a community kitchen providing free meals to people of all backgrounds. Guru Nanak’s extensive travels and dialogues with diverse communities underscored his message of unity and tolerance. The embodiment of humility and wisdom, Guru Nanak’s legacy is enshrined in the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of Sikhism, and his teachings resonate as guiding principles for spiritual and ethical living. Guru Nanak Jayanti, celebrated with prayers, processions, and community service, honours his profound impact on Sikhism and humanity at large. 

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Q.1. What is a short essay on Guru Nanak Janyanti?

Ans: Guru Nanak Jayanti is a popular Sikh festival that is annually celebrated as the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev Ji. He was the first of the ten Sikh Gurus and is regarded as the founder of Sikhism. This day marks various celebrations and teachings where the objective is the spread the ideas of Sikkhism. The day starts with prayers and Kirtans at Gurudwaras, followed by ‘Nagar Kirtans’ in which Sikh people carry their community flag, known as ‘Nishan Sahib’.

Q.2. Who is the founder of Sikhism?

Ans: Guru Nanak Dev Ji is known as the founder of the Sikh community. He is the first of the 10 Sikh Gurus.

Q.3. How many Sikh gurus were there?

Ans: There are 10 Sikh Gurus; Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Guru Angad, Guru Amar, Guru Ram Das, Guru Arjan, Guru Hargobind, Guru Har Rai, Guru Har Krishan, Guru Teg Bahadur, and Guru Gobind Singh.

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