Essay on Chandrayaan-3: 100 Words, 200 Words

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essay on chandrayaan 3

Congratulations! India landed on the moon on 23rd August 2023 at 6:04 p.m. through Vikram Lander. India has become the first country to step on a lunar-south pole through Chandrayaan 3. India has marked history by doing a soft landing on one of the most challenging regions to land on because of the presence of major craters and scarpers in the terrain. The main objective of this mission was to do a soft landing and then a rover “Pragyan” would move around the terrain to hunt the presence of water and conduct other scientific experiments.

This mission was a comeback for the partly failed attempt in 2019 known as Chandrayaan-2. This blog will provide deep insights on Indian Space and Technology and we have also drafted an essay on Chandrayaan in 100 and 200 words.

History of ISRO

The History of Indian Space and Technology can be traced back to the efforts of Indian scientists in the era of 1920s. The efforts were carried down by two prominent personalities in the country. Homi Bhabha and Vikram Sarabhai established different research institutes throughout the country in the era 1945-1957. 

The final attempt made was the formation of the Indian National Committee for Space Research in 1962 by then-Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on the suggestions of Dr. Vikram Sarabhai who was later appointed as the chairman and is known as the Father of the Indian Space Program.

In the 1970s it was renamed ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation). Till now the agency has launched a lot of successful missions including Mangalyan (The first country to plant a satellite in Mars Orbit on the First Attempt), Chandrayaan-1 (Verified the presence of Water on the Moon) and prepared GSLV rocket for launch capabilities. 

Also Read: Chandrayaan 3 Successful Landing

About Chandrayaan Project

The Chandrayaan Project is one of the most successful projects in the history of India’s space agency. It was launched by ISRO for the exploration of the lunar surface. 

The first mission i.e. Chandrayaan-1 was launched on 22 October 2008. It was a successful mission and was inserted into the lunar orbit on 8th November 2008. It marked a new success for the country and India became the fifth country in world history to reach the lunar surface. The cost of this mission was around 386 crores a lot less than any other space agency. The most prominent discovery of this mission was the presence of water molecules in the lunar south pole. It stopped communication with the base on 28 August 2009 and was declared over.

It was followed by a second mission that was launched on 22 July 2019. It was successfully inserted into the lunar orbit on 20 August 2019 but failed to make a soft landing on the lunar surface on 6th September 2019 just 2.1 km away from the surface. However, it was declared partly successful because the orbiter was still functional for around 7.5 years.

Another successful lunar landing attempt was made recently in the year 2023 and was launched on 14 July 2023. It completed its landing and the lander “Vikram Lander” and Rover “Pragyan” landed on the lunar south pole on 23rd August 2023. 

The main aim of this mission is the same as the Chandrayaan 2 to study the atmosphere of the moon and also explore its mineral composition. It will also further explore the presence of water in the lunar surface. The cost of this follow-up mission is around INR 615 crores making it one of the most cost-effective lunar missions in the world.

Also Read: Proud Moments of India on Chandrayaan 3

Essay on Chandrayaan-3 in 100 Words

The first lunar exploration mission in the history of ISRO was Chandrayan. It was launched in the year 2008 and since then 2 more follow missions have been launched under this program. 

The second follow-up mission was launched in 2019 and followed by a third follow-up mission in 2023. The success of Chandrayaan 3 has marked the country in different records such as the first country to land on the moon’s south pole and the most cost-effective execution. 

It was launched on July 14, 2023, from Sriharikota’s SDSC SHAR and landed successfully on 23rd August 2023. The mission will be carried down for 14 Earth days i.e. the Rover on the ladder will roam around the moon and study its surface for 14 days. This successful attempt has made India very sure of further development and planned missions for the Moon.

Also Read: Who made Chandrayaan 3?

Essay on Chandrayaan 3 in 200 Words

Chandrayaan-3 is the most successful follow-up mission in the history of Indian space missions. It was followed by the successful Chandrayaan 1 and partly successful Chandrayaan 2. It has made a successful soft landing on the lunar surface and made India the fourth country to land on the lunar surface. 

It also marked India as the first country to land on the Moon’s south pole to examine the presence of water and also gather some valuable scientific information and data about its mineral composition and its geology. 

One of the main objections to this lunar mission was to make a soft landing which we were not able to do in the previous attempt. The Rover ‘Pragyan” will roam on the lunar surface for 1 Lunar day (Around 14 Earth Days). 

The cost of Chandrayaan 3 is much less than the previous attempt which is around INR 615 Crores making it the most cost-effective lunar mission. 

FAQs

What is the history of Chandrayaan?

The first mission of Chandrayaan i.e. Chandrayaan 1 was launched in 2008. It was followed by Chandrayaan 2 and Chandrayaan-3 in 2019 and 2023 respectively. The latest version of Chandrayaan was a successful attempt to make India the first country to land safely on the Moon’s South Pole region.

What is special about Chandrayaan 3?

The successful attempt of Chandrayaan 3 made India the first country to land on the moon in its south pole region. 

What is the cost of Chandrayaan 3?

The cost of Chandrayaan 3 is approximately 615 crores ($75 million). It is the most affordable and successful mission to land on moon in the history. 

Hence, we hope that this blog has assisted you in comprehending what an essay on Chandrayaan 3 must include. For more such essays, check our category essay writing.

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