This article will cover one of the most popular essay topics for school students; Chandryaan-3. Chandrayaan-3 was launched on 14th July 2023 by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) from its Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC)-SHAR in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh. On 23rd August at 18:03 IST, the lander ‘Vikram‘ touched down on the lunar south pole. This showed India’s capability of safely landing on the lunar surface, thus making it the first country to step on a lunar-south pole through Chandrayaan 3. India has marked history by doing a soft landing on one of the most challenging regions to land on because of the presence of major craters and scarpers in the terrain. The main objective of this mission was to do a soft landing and then a rover ‘Pragyaan’ would move around the terrain to hunt the presence of water and conduct other scientific experiments. This blog will provide deep insights on Indian Space and Technology and we have also drafted an essay on Chandrayaan 3 in 100 and 200 words.
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History of ISRO
The history of Indian Space and Technology can be traced back to the efforts of Indian scientists in the era of 1920s. The efforts were carried down by two prominent personalities in the country. Homi Bhabha and Vikram Sarabhai established different research institutes throughout the country in the era 1945-1957.
The final attempt made was the formation of the Indian National Committee for Space Research in 1962 by then-Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on the suggestions of Dr Vikram Sarabhai who was later appointed as the chairman and is known as the Father of the Indian Space Program.
In the 1970s it was renamed ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation). Till now the agency has launched a lot of successful missions including Mangalyan (The first country to plant a satellite in Mars Orbit on the First Attempt), Chandrayaan-1 (Verified the presence of Water on the Moon) and prepared GSLV rocket for launch capabilities.
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About Chandrayaan Project
The Chandrayaan Project is one of the most successful projects in the history of India’s space agency. It was launched by ISRO for the exploration of the lunar surface.
The first mission i.e. Chandrayaan-1 was launched on 22 October 2008. It was a successful mission and was inserted into the lunar orbit on 8th November 2008. It marked a new success for the country and India became the fifth country in world history to reach the lunar surface. The cost of this mission was around 386 crores a lot less than any other space agency. The most prominent discovery of this mission was the presence of water molecules in the lunar south pole. It stopped communication with the base on 28 August 2009 and was declared over.
Chandrayaan-2 was followed by a second mission that was launched on 22 July 2019. It was successfully inserted into the lunar orbit on 20 August 2019 but failed to make a soft landing on the lunar surface on 6th September 2019 just 2.1 km away from the surface. However, it was declared partly successful because the orbiter was still functional for around 7.5 years.
Points about Chandrayaan-3
Another successful lunar landing attempt was made recently in the year 2023 and was launched on 14 July 2023. It completed its landing and the lander “Vikram Lander” and Rover “Pragyan” landed on the lunar south pole on 23rd August 2023.
The main aim of this mission is the same as the Chandrayaan 2 to study the atmosphere of the moon and also explore its mineral composition. It will also further explore the presence of water in the lunar surface. The cost of this follow-up mission is around INR 615 crores making it one of the most cost-effective lunar missions.
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Essay on Chandrayaan-3 in 100 Words
The first lunar exploration mission in the history of ISRO was Chandrayan. It was launched in the year 2008 and since then 2 more follow missions have been launched under this program.
The second follow-up mission was launched in 2019 and followed by a third follow-up mission in 2023. The success of Chandrayaan 3 has marked the country in different records such as the first country to land on the moon’s south pole and the most cost-effective execution.
It was launched on July 14, 2023, from Sriharikota’s SDSC SHAR and landed successfully on 23rd August 2023. The mission will be carried down for 14 Earth days i.e. the Rover on the ladder will roam around the moon and study its surface for 14 days. This successful attempt has made India very sure of further development and planned missions for the Moon.
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Essay on Chandrayaan 3 in English 150 Words
Chandrayaan-3 is India’s ambitious space mission which has made India proud. It was a successful space mission aimed to conduct a soft landing at the lunar south pole of the moon through the Vikram Lander. The spacecraft is also equipped with a Rover Pragyan consisting of payloads to study the moon’s surface. Apart from this, there were 9 sensors in the Lander.
Talking about the Payloads, there were 4 payloads in the lander namely ChaSTE, ILSA, RAMBHA, and LRA. 2 Rover payloads were APXS and LIBS. The propulsion module also contains a payload i.e. SHAPE. These payloads are designed to study the moon’s surface.
Chandrayaan-3 was active for 14 Earth days in the presence of the sun. After which, the Lander and the Rover were kept to sleep on 2 September because they could not function in the absence of sunlight. Later, efforts were made to wake Lander and Rover when the sunlight hit the moon’s surface. But ISRO revealed that there were no signals from the Lander and Rover.
Despite this, the project was a successful one and it has marked the name of India in Golden words in the history of Space.
Hon’ble Prime Minister of India has named the landing spot of Chandrayaan-3 as Shiv Shakti Point.
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Essay on Chandrayaan 3 in 200 Words
Chandrayaan-3 is the most successful follow-up mission in the history of Indian space missions. It was followed by the successful Chandrayaan 1 and partly successful Chandrayaan 2. It has made a successful soft landing on the lunar surface and made India the fourth country to land on the lunar surface.
It also marked India as the first country to land on the Moon’s south pole. It examined the presence of water and also gathered some valuable scientific information and data about its mineral composition and its geology.
One of the main objections to this lunar mission was to make a soft landing. The Rover ‘Pragyan” will roam on the lunar surface for 1 Lunar day (Around 14 Earth Days).
The cost of Chandrayaan 3 is much less than the previous attempt which is around INR 615 Crores making it the most cost-effective lunar mission.
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The first mission of Chandrayaan i.e. Chandrayaan 1 was launched in 2008. It was followed by Chandrayaan 2 and Chandrayaan-3 in 2019 and 2023 respectively. The latest version of Chandrayaan was a successful attempt to make India the first country to land safely on the Moon’s South Pole region.
The successful attempt of Chandrayaan 3 made India the first country to land on the moon in its south pole region.
The cost of Chandrayaan 3 is approximately 615 crores ($75 million). It is the most affordable and successful mission to land on moon in the history.
Chandrayaan-3 was a successful mission by the Indian Space Research Organization. It has demonstrated a soft landing on the unexplored lunar south pole of the moon and conducted in-situ research. It was launched on 14 July 2023 and landed on 23 August 2023.
Hence, we hope that this blog has assisted you in comprehending what an essay on Chandrayaan 3 must include. For more information on such interesting topics, visit our essay writing page and follow Leverage Edu.