20+ Questions of Arithmetic Reasoning | Verbal Reasoning

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Questions of Arithmetic Reasoning

For UPSC aspirants, mastering arithmetic reasoning is not just an added skill; it’s a necessity. The Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) is a vital component of the UPSC examination process, and it extensively evaluates candidates’ mathematical and analytical abilities. Arithmetic reasoning is a key element in this assessment, and it’s no secret that UPSC and related competitive exams often quiz aspirants on their arithmetic skills.

In this blog, we will delve into the importance of sharpening your arithmetic reasoning abilities and provide you with valuable tips on how to tackle arithmetic reasoning questions effectively. Also, we have mentioned a few questions so you can practice.

Tips to Solve Arithmetic Reasoning Questions

Arithmetic reasoning, often known as mathematical reasoning or quantitative aptitude, assesses your ability to solve problems by applying logical and mathematical concepts. Following are some tips to ensure that nothing stops you from acing the arithmetic reasoning section-

  1. Ensure you have a strong grasp of fundamental mathematical concepts. Brush up on arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and data interpretation.
  2. Solve a variety of arithmetic reasoning questions from previous years’ papers and other sources. This will help you get accustomed to different question types.
  3. During the exam, allocate a specific amount of time to each question, don’t stick unnecessarily to one problem for too long.
  4. Vedic math is one of the time-saving techniques for calculations, make sure you learn it if you’v got time on your hands! 
  5. Break complex arithmetic reasoning questions down into simpler parts and solve each step systematically.
  6. When in doubt, eliminate answer choices that are clearly incorrect. This increases your chances of guessing the correct answer.
  7. Always use the provided rough paper for calculations. 
  8. Don’t overcomplicate arithmetic reasoning questions with unnecessary assumptions.

Must Read: Types of Reasoning Questions in Competitive Exams

20+ Questions of Arithmetic Reasoning For Practice

We have put together around 20 plus diverse sets of questions of arithmetic reasoning for your convenience, make sure to take a good look!

1. If John has $50 and he spends $12, how much money does he have left?

A. $32
B. $38
C. $42
D. $62
Answer: B

2. If a train travels at a speed of 60 miles per hour for 3 hours, how far does it travel?

A. 120 miles
B. 180 miles
C. 240 miles
D. 360 miles
Answer: C

3. If the price of a book is $25 and it is on sale for 20% off, what is the sale price of the book?

A. $5
B. $15
C. $20
D. $22
Answer: C

4. What is 20% of 150?

A. 10
B. 20
C. 30
D. 40
Answer: C

5. If a recipe calls for 2 cups of flour and you want to make half of the recipe, how many cups of flour do you need?

A. 0.5 cups
B. 1 cup
C. 1.5 cups
D. 2 cups
Answer: B

6. If a box contains 8 red balls, 6 blue balls, and 4 green balls, what is the probability of randomly selecting a blue ball?

A. 1/3
B. 1/4
C. 2/3
D. 3/4
Answer: A

7. A farmer has 24 apples, and he wants to divide them equally among 4 baskets. How many apples will be in each basket?

A. 4
B. 6
C. 8
D. 12
Answer: B

8. If a rectangle has a length of 10 inches and a width of 5 inches, what is its area?

A. 10 square inches
B. 15 square inches
C. 20 square inches
D. 25 square inches
Answer: C

Must Read:Questions of Syllogism Reasoning | Verbal Reasoning

9. What is the next number in the sequence: 2, 4, 8, 16, __?

A. 24
B. 32
C. 48
D. 64
Answer: D

10. If the temperature was 72°F in the morning and it increased by 15 degrees, what is the afternoon temperature?

A. 57°F
B. 72°F
C. 87°F
D. 105°F
Answer: C

11. If a car travels 240 miles on 8 gallons of gas, what is its miles per gallon (MPG)?

A. 15 MPG
B. 24 MPG
C. 30 MPG
D. 40 MPG
Answer: B

12. If a pizza is divided into 8 equal slices, and 3 slices are eaten, how many slices are left?

A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 5
Answer: B

13. If a store sells a shirt for $25 and offers a 15% discount, how much money will you save on the shirt?

A. $2.50
B. $3.75
C. $5.00
D. $7.50
Answer: B

14. If the time is 2:30 PM now, what will be the time 4 hours later?

A. 4:30 PM
B. 6:30 PM
C. 8:30 PM
D. 10:30 PM
Answer: C

15. If a recipe calls for 1/2 cup of sugar and you want to make 1/4 of the recipe, how much sugar do you need?

A. 1/8 cup
B. 1/4 cup
C. 1/3 cup
D. 1/2 cup
Answer: A

16. If a box contains 5 red balls, 3 blue balls, and 2 yellow balls, what is the probability of randomly selecting a red or blue ball?

A. 5/10
B. 5/9
C. 8/10
D. 8/9
Answer: D

17. A classroom has 30 students, and the teacher wants to divide them into groups of 6 students each. How many groups can the teacher make?

A. 3 groups
B. 4 groups
C. 5 groups
D. 6 groups
Answer: B

18. If a rectangle has a length of 12 cm and a width of 8 cm, what is its perimeter?

A. 16 cm
B. 20 cm
C. 32 cm
D. 40 cm
Answer: C

19. What is the next number in the sequence: 1, 4, 9, 16, __?

A. 25
B. 36
C. 49
D. 64
Answer: D

20. If a bag contains 12 marbles, and 3 of them are blue, what is the probability of randomly selecting a blue marble?

A. 1/3
B. 1/4
C. 1/6
D. 1/12
Answer: A

21. A baker has 18 cupcakes, and he wants to divide them equally among 3 plates. How many cupcakes will be on each plate?

A. 3
B. 6
C. 9
D. 12
Answer: B

22. If a square has a side length of 6 inches, what is its area?

A. 12 square inches
B. 18 square inches
C. 24 square inches
D. 36 square inches
Answer: D

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