# Questions of Syllogism Reasoning | Verbal Reasoning

Syllogism reasoning is an important part of logical thinking, commonly seen in competitive exams, aptitude tests, and everyday problem-solving. It involves making conclusions based on given statements, usually consisting of two premises and a conclusion. In this article, we’ll explore syllogism reasoning, look at different types of questions, and give you over 27 practice questions to improve your skills.

## What is Syllogism?

Before we dive into the questions, let’s understand what syllogism is. A syllogism has two premises and a conclusion. You need to figure out if the conclusion logically follows from the premises. It’s about making sound inferences based on the provided information.

Syllogisms have this structure:

1. Premise 1 (Major Premise): A general statement.
2. Premise 2 (Minor Premise): A specific statement.
3. Conclusion: An inference based on the premises.

The goal is to decide if the conclusion makes sense based on the given information.

## Types of Syllogism Questions

Syllogism questions come in different forms, such as:

1. Standard Syllogisms: These are straightforward questions where you decide if the conclusion follows logically from the given premises.
2. Possibility Cases: Here, you determine if a given conclusion is possible based on the premises. There can be more than one possible conclusion.
3. Negative Information: These questions introduce negative statements, making them a bit more challenging. You have to consider the negations of statements when evaluating conclusions.
4. Multiple Statements: These questions include more than two premises, often requiring you to analyze a group of interconnected statements.
5. Quantified Syllogisms: In this type, premises and conclusions include words like “all,” “some,” “no,” or “none.” You must evaluate conclusions based on these words.

## Tips for Solving Syllogism Questions

1. Quantifiers: Identify words like “all,” “some,” “no,” or “none” in the statements. These are crucial for evaluating conclusions.
2. Use Diagrams: Visualize relationships between sets or categories using diagrams like Venn diagrams to help you see connections.
3. Logical Thinking: Apply logical deduction rules, like transitive properties and modus ponens, to assess conclusions.
4. Eliminate Options: If you have multiple-choice questions, eliminate choices that don’t logically follow from the given information.

## 27+ Syllogism Reasoning Practice Questions

1. All humans are mortal. Socrates is a human. Is Socrates mortal?

2. No birds can fly underwater. Penguins are birds. Can penguins fly underwater?

3. Some roses are red. All the red flowers are beautiful. Are some roses beautiful?

4. All dogs are mammals. Some mammals are cats. Are some cats dogs?

5. All the actors are musicians. Some musicians are guitarists. Is it possible that some guitarists are actors?

6. No reptiles are warm-blooded. Some turtles are reptiles. Is it possible that some turtles are not warm-blooded?

7. Some scientists are not mathematicians. All mathematicians are researchers. Is it possible that some researchers are not scientists?

8. No roses are blue. All blue flowers are daisies. Are some daisies roses?

9. Some athletes are not swimmers. All swimmers are fit. Is it possible that some fit people are not athletes?

10. All cats are mammals. Some mammals are not dogs. Is it possible that some cats are not dogs?

11. Premise 1: All politicians are lawyers. Premise 2: Some lawyers are not judges. Conclusion: Is it possible that some judges are not politicians?

12. Premise 1: Some writers are poets. Premise 2: No poets are mathematicians. Conclusion: Are some writers mathematicians?

13. All good students pass exams. Some passing students are toppers. Are all toppers good students?

14. Some fruits are sweet. No sweet things are harmful. Is it possible that some fruits are not harmful?

15. Premise 1: All cars are vehicles. Premise 2: Some vehicles are not bicycles. Premise 3: No bicycles are motorcycles. Conclusion: Are all motorcycles cars?

16. Premise 1: Some teachers are artists. Premise 2: No artists are engineers. Premise 3: All engineers are inventors. Conclusion: Is it possible that some inventors are not teachers?

17. All flowers are plants. Some plants are not trees. Are all trees flowers?

18. No lions are herbivores. Some herbivores are elephants. Is it possible that some elephants are not lions?

19. Some books are novels. All novels are stories. Are some books stories?

20. Premise 1: Some birds are not predators. Premise 2: No predators are herbivores. Conclusion: Is it possible that some herbivores are not birds?

21. Premise 1: All fruits are healthy. Premise 2: No unhealthy things are tasty. Conclusion: Are all tasty things healthy?

22. All computers are electronic devices. Some electronic devices are not smartphones. Are all smartphones computers?

23. No reptiles are mammals. Some mammals are humans. Is it possible that some humans are not reptiles?

24. Some students are not athletes. All athletes are scholars. Is it possible that some scholars are not students?