What is a Joint Session of Parliament?

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What is a Joint Session of Parliament

A ‘session’ in a Parliament is when either or both the houses of the Parliament, the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha, have a series of discussions. Furthermore, the Parliament of India follows a bicameral legislation which means that the agreement of both houses is necessary to pass a bill. Moreover, in order to be presented to the President of India, it has to be passed by both Houses, in case of disagreement, a Joint session is organized. Read on to learn more in detail about a Joint Session of Parliament, who calls Joint Session of Parliament in India as well as how many times Joint Session of Parliament in India has taken place. 

Joint Session of Parliament

The deadlock in the two houses of parliament means there is a disagreement between the bills of the opposite house.  

  • A joint session is then held. 
  • However, it is important to know that it can be called for ordinary bills or finance bills. But, a Joint Session is not called for Money bills or Constitutional Amendment bills. 
  • In addition, this sitting comes with a quorum limit of 1/10th people of both houses. 
  • Moreover, it is operated and regulated by the rules and regulations of the Lok Sabha and not the Rajya Sabha

Also Read: 8 Types of Motions That Are Carried Out In The Parliament

Who calls a Joint Session of Parliament in India?

The Joint Session of India is explained in Article 108 of the Hon’ble Indian Constitution. The serving President of India calls for a Joint session. However, below are the conditions for calling the session:

  • Bill passed by one and rejected by other Houses
  • Amendment made by other house is unacceptable to the House of Bill origin
  • In case of discord in either of the houses relating to the bill 

The head of the Joint session is the Speaker of Lok Sabha. The decision is made by resolving the deadlock over the bill. In case the Speaker is unavailable then the Deputy Speaker will take over. However, the Deputy Chairman will take place in case of the latter’s absenteeism. 

Also Read: Who was the First Woman Speaker of Lok Sabha?

How many times Joint Session of Parliament in India has taken place?

Furthermore, there have been 3 Joint Sessions of the Parliament of India. Here are the years and reasons why the Joint Session of Parliament has taken place:

3 Joint Sessions of the Parliament in India
1961Dowry Prohibition Bill
1978Banking Service Commission Bill
2002Prevention of Terrorism Act

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This is everything about the Joint Session of Parliament, its definition, who calls a joint session, and how many times it has happened in the past. For more content related to the different states of India, visit our Civics and Polity archives. 

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