The powers of Indian President have a variety of control over the diplomatic, legislative, military, judicial, financial, appointment, and emergency-related issues of the country. The Indian president is not only the first citizen of the country but also the supreme commander of the Armed forces in India. In this blog, we have covered the powers of the Indian president given by the Indian Constitution.
This Blog Includes:
Emergency Powers of Indian President
According to Articles 352, 356, and 360 of the Indian Constitution, the president of India holds the power to proclaim an Emergency at the National, state, and Financial levels. Earlier, Indian citizens faced National emergencies in 1962 (the India-China war), 1971 (the India-Pak war), and 1975 (Declared by Indira Gandhi).
Making new rules to govern this nation is the work of the Indian Government. The President signs the final bill, and then it becomes law for the Indian people. The president holds the power to distribute tasks among the cabinet ministers and ask for the report.
The appointment of the Prime Minister, Cabinet ministers, attorney general, Chief election commissioner, chairman of the Union public service commission, and state governors comes under the executive power of the Indian President.
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Financial Powers of the Indian President
Any money bill or financial bill can be presented in the Parliament of India only after the recommendation of the Indian President. They make a finance commission to distribute the taxes between the central and state governments.
Judicial Powers of Indian President
As mentioned earlier, the President of India appoints the Attorney General of India (a Legal adviser of the GOI) and Chief Justice of India. Not only this, but according to the Judicial power of the Indian president, they can remit, respite, commute, and deprive any sentence of any court except the military court.
The Indian government is part of many international agreements and treaties. All these agreements are signed by the High Commissioners and diplomats on behalf of the Indian President. They also represent the country on international platforms.
Military Powers of Indian President
It is known to all that the President of India is the supreme commander of the Indian Armed Forces. This post can declare war and peace with the approval of the Indian Parliament.
Also Read: How is the President of India Elected?
Under the legislative power of the Indian President, several authorities have been given to the supreme post of the country. The Indian president can appoint 12 members of the Rajya Sabha and propose two Anglo-Indian members for the Lok Sabha. Apart from this, there are some other powers mentioned below.
- They can dissolve the Lok Sabha.
- A president’s signature is needed for a bill passed by Parliament to become law.
We hope you got information about the powers of the Indian president. If you want to binge on more facts like this, you can turn to our general knowledge page. Alternatively, you can also check out our blog on general knowledge for competitive exams here! Keep learning!