No-confidence Motion: Definition, Procedure, Latest News

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The No Confidence Motion is an official proposal moved by the opposition in the Lok Sabha (LS) against the current ruling government, where if the ruling party fails to prove their majority in LS then they must submit a resignation. This motion comes under Rule 198 in the ‘Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha’. This motion is a key tool against the Council of Ministers in the LS. At least 50 members of the LS should be in favour of this motion for it to be granted. 

What is a No Confidence Motion? 

A minimum of 50 members of the Lok Sabha have to agree to the no confidence motion for it to be tabled in the Lok Sabha. It is considered passed if 51 percent of the members of Lok Sabha vote in favour of the “No Confidence Motion”. After this, the ruling Government is considered to have lost the majority or confidence and will be liable to resign from office. 

The ruling Government should be able to prove its majority in the lower house after the opposition has bought the motion. They can do this by showing a vote of confidence.

Procedure for No Confidence Motion

Following is the procedure for the no-confidence motion

  • The no-confidence motion is introduced only in the lower house under rule 198. 
  • After at least 50 members agree to the motion, a notice has to be provided by any member before 10 am. 
  • The motion is then read by the Lok Sabha Speaker who he/she asks all those favouring the motion to stand up. 
  • If at least 50 MPS stand up in favour of the motion then the Speaker allots a date for the MPs to discuss the motion. However, this date has to be within 10 days.
  • On the decided date, the motion is voted on either through a Voice Vote, Division of Votes, or other ways.
  •  If more than half members of the Lok Sabha vote in favour of the motion then the ruling government has to resign

Latest News 

The Telugu Desam Party along with the YSR Congress on the 16th of March, 2018, gave notice against the NDA Government for a ‘No Confidence’ motion. This came mere hours after the Telugu Desam Party ended its alliance of 4 years with the BJP. After this, a number of parties have extended their support to this motion.



#1. Agreement of how many LS members is needed to table a no confidence motion?

#2. What percentage of MPs should vote for the motion for it to pass?

#3. What happens after a no confidence motion is passed?


Hope you have gotten all relevant information about no confidence motion! If you want to know more on topics like this, then visit our general knowledge page! Alternatively, you can also read our blog on general knowledge for competitive exams!

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