No Confidence Motion: Definition, Procedure, Latest News

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No-Confidence Motion

The No Confidence Motion is an official proposal moved by the opposition in the Lok Sabha (LS) against the current ruling Government. Moreover, if the ruling party fails to prove their majority in LS then they must resign. Additionally, this Motion comes under Rule 198 in the ‘Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha’. This motion is a key tool against the Council of Ministers in the LS. Furthermore, at least 50 members of the LS should be in favour of this Motion for it to be granted. 

What is a No Confidence Motion? 

A minimum of 50 members of the Lok Sabha have to agree to the No Confidence Motion for it to be tabled in the Lok Sabha. It is considered passed if 51% of the members of the Lok Sabha vote in favour of the Motion. After this, the ruling Government is considered to have lost the majority of confidence and will be liable to resign from office. 

Thus, the ruling Government should be able to prove its majority in the lower house after the opposition has bought the motion. They can do this by showing a vote of confidence.

Also Read: How Many Times No Confidence Motion Passed in India?

Procedure for No Confidence Motion

Moreover, the following is the Procedure for the No Confidence Motion:

  • The No Confidence Motion is introduced only in the lower house under Rule 198. 
  • After at least 50 members agree to the Motion, a notice has to be provided by any member before 10 am. 
  • The Motion is then read by the Lok Sabha Speaker who he/she asks all those favouring the motion to stand up. 
  • If at least 50 MPS stand up in favour of the Motion. Then the Speaker allots a date for the MPs to discuss the No Confidence Motion. However, this date has to be within 10 days.
  • On the decided date, the Motion is voted on either through a Voice Vote, Division of Votes, or other ways.
  • Therefore, if more than half members of the Lok Sabha vote in favour of the motion then the ruling government has to resign.

Also Read: 8 Types of Motions That Are Carried Out In The Parliament

What is the Significance of the Motion?

The Significance of the No Confidence Motion is as follows:

  • Accountability: It guarantees the Government is accountable to the People’s Representatives in the Parliament. Moreover, the Opposition can challenge the Government’s performance and policies, hence potentially forcing their removal.
  • Maintaining Majority: It helps maintain a stable government with a majority. If the Government loses a No Confidence vote, it means they have lost the Parliament’s trust. Moreover, they must resign or call for fresh elections.
  • Policy Debate: The Motion often leads to discussions about the Government’s actions. Therefore giving voice to concerns and proposing alternative policies.

Also Read: What is a Motion in Parliament And Its Categories?

Latest News on No Confidence Motion

The latest No Confidence Motion in India was moved on the 26th of July 2023, during the 17th Lok Sabha session.

  • It was moved by the Opposition against the NDA government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • This motion was defeated in the Lok Sabha with a voice vote, showcasing the NDA’s comfortable majority in parliament. 
  • Additionally, the motion was brought in the context of a three-day debate over ethnic violence in Manipur, highlighting concerns over the government’s handling of the situation in the state.
  • Despite the opposition’s efforts, the Motion was expectedly defeated given the NDA’s substantial majority in the parliament.



#1. Agreement of how many LS members is needed to table a no confidence motion?

#2. What percentage of MPs should vote for the motion for it to pass?

#3. What happens after a no confidence motion is passed?


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