GMAT Quantitative Reasoning: Syllabus, Exam Pattern, Best Tips, Preparation Books and More

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The Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) presents itself as a multifaceted challenge, comprising four distinct sections: quantitative reasoning (QR), analytical writing assessment (AWA), integrated reasoning (IR), and verbal reasoning (VR). While the GMAT quantitative reasoning section may initially appear daunting, thorough preparation and dedicated practice can pave the way for significant score improvement. 


Individuals who aspire to pursue an MBA from the best business schools in the world are encouraged to take the GMAT exam. The GMAT is a standardised test that is conducted to evaluate an individual’s aptitude and a general understanding of the subjects related to the field of business administration and management. MBA aspirants who wish to pursue their education abroad are required to submit their GMAT scores to get admission into business institutions abroad. That being said, read the entire article to learn more about the GMAT quantitative reasoning section.

GMAT Quantitative Reasoning Syllabus (Focus Edition) 

The Quantitative Reasoning (Quant) section of the GMAT stands as a critical hurdle for aspiring business school applicants. This assessment seeks to discern an individual’s mastery of core mathematical concepts such as algebra and arithmetic along with the ability to transparently apply this knowledge to solve practical problems.

Recent updates to the GMAT Focus edition have streamlined the Quant section, making it even more focused on fundamental skills. Notably, geometry questions have been eliminated, offering test-takers the opportunity to concentrate their efforts on core problem-solving strategies. Additionally, Data Sufficiency questions have been relocated to the Data Insights section, allowing for clearer delineation between different skill sets.

Within the Quant section, test-takers have 45-60 minutes to demonstrate their proficiency. This timeframe, coupled with the revised focus on core skills, underscores the importance of developing a solid foundation in fundamental mathematical concepts and honing effective problem-solving techniques. Have a look at the following table to go through the GMAT Quantitative Reasoning Syllabus. 

GMAT Quantitative Reasoning Syllabus Multiple and Factors 
Monomials, Polynomials 
Number Properties
Quadratic Equations 
Power and Roots
Basic Statistics
Algebraic Equations 
Set Theory 
Ratio and Proportion
Speed, Time, and Distance 
Simple and Compound Interest 

GMAT Quantitative Reasoning Exam Pattern 

Refer to the following table to go through the GMAT Quantitative Reasoning exam pattern in 2024. 

Particular (s)GMAT (Test-Centre)GMAT (Online)
Number of Questions 31 31
Duration 62 Minutes 62 Minutes
Score 6-516-51

5+ Tips for GMAT Quantitative Reasoning 2024

The GMAT Quantitative Reasoning (QR) section requires test takers to apply logical and analytical reasoning to solve complex problems and equations. This assessment delves into an individual’s grasp of core mathematical concepts and is often perceived by students as the most demanding section of the exam. Consequently, dedicated effort and targeted strategies are paramount for mastering this crucial component.

 Here are some of the best GMAT quantitative reasoning tips meticulously crafted to empower you to achieve a stellar score on the GMAT Quant section. By diligently implementing these strategies, you can unlock your full potential and approach the exam with confidence and preparedness.

  • The quantitative reasoning (quant) section of the GMAT exam assesses your ability to apply analytical and logical reasoning to solve complex problems. This section, often considered the most challenging by test-takers, demands a solid foundation in mathematical fundamentals coupled with adaptable thinking strategies. To conquer the quant section, consider focusing on core mathematical concepts like algebra, geometry, and statistics. These form the building blocks for solving more complex problems.
  • Try brushing up on your math skills and revisiting areas you might feel less confident in.
  • Learn to approach problems from different angles and identify the most efficient solution paths.
  • GMAT quant problems often involve recurring patterns and strategies. Recognising these patterns can save you valuable time during the exam.
  • Analyse your errors to understand where you went wrong and prevent similar mistakes in the future.
  • While not all quantitative problems involve calculus, mastering basic calculus concepts can give you an edge in tackling more challenging questions. Understanding derivatives, integrals, and limits can provide powerful tools for solving complex problems.
  • Solving numerous sample papers can serve as a window into the exam’s structure and format. By familiarising yourself with the question types, time constraints, and scoring system, you alleviate pre-exam anxiety and develop a strategic approach. This reduces the element of surprise, allowing you to focus your energy on effectively applying your knowledge and skills.
  • The GMAT quant section throws a diverse range of question types at test-takers. Sample papers provide a training ground to encounter these varied formats, from data interpretation and problem-solving to algebra and geometry. This exposure allows you to refine your techniques, identify patterns, and develop flexible thinking to tackle any challenge the exam throws your way.
  • The more mock tests you take, the more adept you become at navigating complex problems. You’ll develop a deeper understanding of the underlying mathematical concepts and gain the confidence to tackle even the most challenging questions. This progressive refinement of your problem-solving abilities will translate into increased accuracy and efficiency during the actual exam.

Best Books for GMAT Quantitative Reasoning Preparation in 2024

Conquering the quantitative reasoning (quant) section is a crucial feat for many aspiring GMAT test-takers. This journey necessitates meticulous preparation, not just through diligent practice but also by equipping yourself with the right resources. 

Choosing effective preparation books can significantly impact your success in mastering the GMAT quant.To assist you in making informed decisions, here’s a curated list of preparation books catering to various learning styles and needs:

Name of the Book Name of the Author/Publisher PricePurchase Link 
GMAT Official Guide 2023-2024 BundleGMACINR 4,999Click Here
GMAT Foundations of MathManhattan Prep INR 1,977Click Here
Gmat All The QuantManhattan PrepINR 4,249Click Here
GMAT ADVANCED QUANTManhattan Prep INR 1,900Click Here

GMAT Quantitative Reasoning Sample Questions 

GMAT Quant Questions: Here are some GMAT quantitative reasoning sample questions for you to get an idea of the question types, their difficulty, and how to solve them. Have a look. 

Question: A fair coin is flipped successively until heads are observed on 2 successive flips. Let x denote the number of coin flips required. What is the sample space of x?

  1. {x : x = 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}
  2. {x : x = 2, 3, 4 . . .}
  3. {x : x is a real number}
  4. {x : x = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 . . .}

      Answer: B

Question: Let ‘U’ be the universal set of all people. Let ‘A’ be the set of all people who like Frank Sinatra. Let ‘B’ be the set of all people who like The Beatles. Let ‘C’ be the set of all people who like Elvis Presley. Let ‘t’ stand for Tommy. Let ‘t∈(A∩B)∪C. Which of the following must be false?

  1. Tommy likes Frank Sinatra, The Beatles, and Elvis Presley.
  2. Tommy likes Frank Sinatra and The Beatles, but not Elvis Presley.
  3. Tommy likes Frank Sinatra, but neither The Beatles nor Elvis Presley.
  4. Tommy does not like Frank Sinatra, The Beatles, or Elvis Presley.
  5. Tommy likes Frank Sinatra and Elvis Presley, but not The Beatles.

       Answer: E

Question: Out of 2,319 employees of a company, 1,299 speak Spanish and 1,122 speak French; 517 speak neither. How many speak both?

  1. 782
  2. 1,802
  3. 605
  4. 619

     Answer: D

Question: A tank has three inlet pipes. One, by itself, can fill the tank in one hour; another, by itself, can fill the tank in one hour and twenty minutes ; a third, by itself, can fill the tank in fifty minutes alone. If all three are on, then, to the nearest tenth of a minute, how long does it take to fill the tank?

  1. 13.7 min
  2. 30 min
  3. 20.3 min
  4. 63.3 min

      Answer: C

Question: Which of the following is not a prime number?

  1. 13
  2. 1
  3. 7
  4. 29

      Answer: B

So that was all about Quantitative Reasoning. Hope the blog has answered your queries regarding the topic. 

Related Topics: 

How to Calculate GMAT ScoreGMAT vs TOEFLTop Universities Accepting GMAT Scores 2023
How to Crack GMAT in 3 Months: The Ultimate CheatsheetGMAT Registration: Step-By-Step GuideWhat is the Importance of GMAT Scores?


Q1. How to score Quant 50 in GMAT?

Ans: If you want to score between 50 and 55 on the Quantitative section of the GMAT, you must hone your fundamentals, practise using numbers effectively, analyse questions before attempting them, simplify complex topics, allot time specifically for the quantitative section preparation, be flexible with your learning techniques, and finally practice as many sample questions as possible. 

Q2. What is a good GMAT score? 

Ans: Individuals who want to pursue an MBA from one of the world’s top business schools must get at least 50 points. A GMAT score of 50 to 55 is considered to be a decent result. A score of less than 50 may prevent you from being admitted to your preferred business school. 

Q3. Is GMAT quantitative hard?

Ans: Many students consider the quantitative section of the GMAT exam as challenging. This is why it is critical to focus on properly preparing this section. The GMAT quantitative reasoning section encourages individuals to apply logic and analytical thinking to solve difficult equations. 

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