What is the Full Form of HWC? 

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The full form of HWC is Health and Wellness Centres. The establishment of 1,50,000 HWCs was announced by the government in February 2018 by simply transforming the existing Sub Centres and Primary Health Centres. Additionally, the primary aim of these centres is to provide Comprehensive Primary Health Care or CPHC by making health facilities easily accessible for all. Interestingly, the concept of HWC comes under the Ayushman Bharat or Healthy India initiative.

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About Ayushman Bharat

Here are some key takeaways from Ayushman Bharat:

  • The Ayushman Bharat or Healthy India initiative was launched in 2017.
  • It aims to achieve Universal Health Coverage (UHC).
  • This initiative aims to replace the conventional sectoral approach of health service to a more comprehensive and inclusive approach. 

Services Under HWC

The Health and Wellness Centres established under Ayushman Bharat will deliver a wide range of services. Moreover, the level of care and services provided would be higher than at the sub health centre level. To give you a better understanding, here are a few essential services provided by the HWCs:

  • Pregnancy and childbirth-related care
  • Infant healthcare services
  • Adolescent health care services
  • Family planning and contraceptive services
  • Oral healthcare
  • Elderly care services
  • Management of communicable diseases
  • Emergency medical care

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Key Components of Health and Wellness Centres

Making CPHC easily accessible through the establishment of HWCs can be a complex task. However, its key components can make the task easier. 

  • Robust IT System
  • Continuum of Care-Tele-health/ Referral
  • Medicines and Expanding Diagnostics
  • Financing/ Provider Payment Reforms
  • Partnerships for Knowledge Implementation
  • Community Mobilization and Health Promotion
  • Expended Service Delivery
  • Expanding HR & Multiskilling  

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