MSc Botany Syllabus: Everything You Need to Know

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MSc Botany

Known as the scientific study of plants, Botany is an academic discipline of utmost ecological as well as economic importance. While a BSc in Botany provides you with an introduction to the world of plant science, a master’s degree in this field can equip you with the intensive knowledge required to pursue the vast arena of scientific research in this discipline. This blog aims to provide you with the major sub-disciplines covered under the MSc Botany syllabus and what they are comprised of.

Course LevelPostgraduate
Course NameMaster of Science in Botany
Duration2 years
EligibilityBSc Botany with a minimum of 50% marks.
Admission ProcessBoth Entrance Exams and Merit Based
Average Course FeeINR 30k – INR 1 Lakhs per annum
Average Annual SalaryINR 4.58 Lakhs
Job OpportunitiesTeacher and professor, Medical Coder, Data Analyst, Incident Manager, and Corporate Communications Manager.

What is MSc Botany?

MSc Botany is a two-year postgraduate program. It aims to delve deeper into the intricate subjects of plant biology, their characteristics, and other related subjects in the field. This course covers an extensive range of disciplines in the study of plants, fungi, and algae including growth, structure, properties, and biochemical processes. The MSc Botany syllabus is constituted of both theoretical as well as practical structure which encompasses laboratory work, and workshops. It encourages students to pursue research in this field.  

Why Study MSc Botany?

  • MSc Botany allows students with a passion for plant anatomy to pursue their interests at a deeper level.
  • It can help students specialize in their fields of interest such as plant physiology, genetics, conservation biology, and so on.
  • Students also get the opportunity to conduct independent research projects and develop valuable skills such as critical thinking, data analysis, problem-solving skills, and so on. 
  • This degree also prepares students to pursue careers in research, teaching, biotechnology, etc.

MSc Botany Syllabus: Major Topics Covered

The MSc Botany Syllabus mainly consists of core and elective subjects spread across the varied aspects of this vast scientific discipline. Though the syllabus of this program might vary from one university to another, we have listed down some of the major topics covered in MSc Botany below:

Plant Anatomy and Developmental BiologyCell Biology and Biomolecules
Bryophytes, Pteridophytes and GymnospermsMycology and Plant Pathology
Taxonomy of AngiospermsGenetics and Genomics
Palaeobotany and PalynologyPlant Physiology and Biochemistry 
Phytochemistry and PharmacognosyPlant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology
Microbial BiotechnologyComputer Applications and Bioinformatics

Semester Wise

Semester 1Semester 2
MicrobiologyPaleobotany and Palynology
Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, and GymnospermsTaxonomy of Angiosperms
PhycologyMycology and Plant Pathology
Cell Biology and BiomoleculesGenetics and Genomics
Plant Anatomy and Developmental Biology
Semester 3Semester 4
Microbial BiotechnologyComputer Applications and Bioinformatics
Plant Physiology and Pharmacognosy
Plant Molecular Biotechnology and Biology
Plant Physiology and Biochemistry

MSc Botany Syllabus in Detail

Now, let’s elaborate on these sub-disciplines in a detailed manner to understand what they entail:


Also referred to as Algology, Phycology is a subdiscipline of Botany that focuses on the study of algae. In the aquatic ecosystem, algae are important as primary producers. Algae have a pivotal role in ecology as they are a vital element of food chains, especially in their planktonic forms. Further, in coastal areas, there are several large species of algae that are used as supplement food sources by humans. Studying Phycology under the MSc Botany syllabus, you will learn about the different forms of algae organisms such as eukaryotic, prokaryotic as well as photosynthetic along with their role in ecology.


Another subdiscipline added under the MSc Botany syllabus is Microbiology. It is the study of various microscopic organisms such as bacteria, protozoa, viruses, archaea, and fungi. In Microbiology, you will be studying physiology, ecology, cell biology, evolution, and clinical aspects of microorganisms, including host response to these agents

Also Read: BSc in Microbiology syllabus

Plant Anatomy and Developmental Biology

Plant Anatomy is defined as the study of the detailed structure of plants comprising of leaf, stem, roots, flowers, and fruits, whereas Development Biology focuses on how multicellular plants are developed from a single zygotic cell. This sub-discipline mainly assesses how the development of a plant takes place and how the different biological processes facilitate its growth.

Bryophytes, Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms

Bryophyta is the most primitive class which has a dependent flagellated sperm and sporophyte and is suitable for fertilization and dependent on an external water medium. Pteridophytes are a class of fern plants and are of higher order composed of an independent sporophyte. Gymnosperms are nonflowering seed-bearing plants that adapt to terrestrial environments to survive in harsh weather conditions.

Mycology and Plant Pathology

Mycology is defined as the study of fungi, and how they interact in different environments as well as with other organisms. Moreover, Plant Pathology is the science of plant diseases. Mycology and Plant Pathology is an incremental part of the MSc Botany syllabus as one focuses on the structural and behavioral aspects of fungi while the other narrows down on the several features, factors, and causes of diseases in plants and the methods of managing and controlling plant diseases.

In the MSc Botany Syllabus, students study plant pathology which covers various aspects, factors, and causes of diseases in plants and what are the methods of managing and controlling plant diseases.

Palaeobotany and Palynology

Palaeobotany is the study of fossil plants which are found in the layers of earth and certain kinds of rocks. It is the most complicated sub-discipline studied under the MSc Botany syllabus as fossil plants are difficult to obtain in the layers of the earth and hence analyzing them becomes quite a rigid procedure. Palynology is a scientific discipline concerned with the study of pollen grains and spores which are usually found in geological and archaeological deposits.

Phytochemistry and Pharmacognosy

Phytochemistry is a combined subfield of Botany and Chemistry. It is the study of chemicals derived from plants which are also called phytochemicals. These phytochemicals are utilized by plants to safeguard themselves from insect attacks and diseases. On the other hand, Pharmacognosy is a related field of Phytochemistry and is concerned with the study of plants or other natural sources that are used as a possible source of drugs and medicines.

Microbial Biotechnology

The use of microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, algae, protozoa, and viruses) to obtain an economically valuable product or activity at a commercial or large scale is called Microbial Biotechnology or Industrial Microbiology.

Also Read: Be an Innovator- Start your career in Biotechnology

Computer Applications and Bioinformatics

Bioinformatics applications are associated with the amalgamation of mathematics, biology, computer science, and statistics for depicting and determining biological data. Bioinformatics develops biological software and algorithms for computers to record and analyze data related to biology. 

M.Sc in Botany Reference Books

Concise Encyclopedia of Plant Pathology P. Vidhyasekaran
A Dictionary of Ecology, Evolution, and SystematicsR. J. Lincoln; G. A. Boxshall; P. F. Clark
Chemical Microbiology   Rose
Chromatography: Concepts and Contrasts    James Miller, John Wiley, and Sons
Encyclopedia of Plant and Crop Science  Robert M. Goodman (Editor)

Top Universities for MSc Botany

Here is a list of the top-ranking universities abroad that offer MSc Botany as well as their QS ranking 2024. 

Name of the UniversityQS Rank 2024Course Name 
Claremont Graduate University, USA51-100Masters of Science in Botany
University of Kent, UK336Ethnobotany – MSc
University of Edinburgh, UK22MSc – Drug Discovery and Translational Biology
University of British Columbia, Canada34Masters of Science in Botany
The University of Essex, UK459Masters of Philosophy in Plant Biology
The University of Hawaii – Manoa386Masters of Science in Botany
University of WisconsinMadison102Masters of Science in Botany
Queen Mary University of London145MSc Plant & Fundal Taxonomy Diversity and Conservation
University of Maine, USA201 – 250Masters of Science in Botany & Plant Pathology

Top Colleges in India

The chart given below depicts the Top institutions in India which offer MSc Botany with their corresponding total fees structure:

UniversityTotal Fees Structure (2022)
NIMS University, JaipurINR 27K
Hindu College, Delhi UniversityINR 19K
Miranda House, New DelhiINR 16K
Chandigarh UniversityINR 50K
Hansraj College, New DelhiINR 16K
Jain University, BangloreINR 1.25 lakhs
Fergusson College, PuneINR 48K
St. Xavier’s CollegeINR 15K
Ramjas College, New DelhiINR 14K
PSG College of Arts & Science, CoimbatoreINR 66K
Christ University, BangloreINR 65K
Sacred Heart College, ErnakulamINR 10K

Job Opportunities After MSc Botany

Botany as a career has various job roles. It depends upon the factors like the educational qualification of the candidate, interest, pay scale, and job location. A botanist can choose from below mentioned positions:


An ecologist works on discovering environmental threats to plants and trees and acts towards climate control & protection of plant species. An ecologist conducts scientific investigations, classifying plants and different organisms, etc. The average salary of an Ecologist ranges around INR 3 lakhs – INR 8 lakhs yearly.


The florist is responsible for processing flower shipments, pruning the flowers at periodic intervals, and composing marketable bouquets. He is a person who also deals with floristry in the sale of flowers and plants like bouquets and wreaths. The average salary of a florist botanist ranges from INR 1.50 lakhs – to INR 4 lakhs yearly.


Taxonomy is a process of classifying plants based on various physical and biological characteristics of plants. A taxonomist identifies and classifies plant species. He decides on a way out to classify them, explores how they work in their ecosystems & categorizes their relationships with different species.  The average salary of a Taxonomist ranges from INR 2.4 lakhs – to INR 5 lakhs yearly.


The researcher works in laboratories and gets involved in performing experiments with different varieties of plant species. The average salary of a botanist researcher ranges from INR 4 lakhs – INR 8 lakhs.


An agriculturalist develops and produces disease-resistant crops for consumption by humans and also finds pest & weed control solutions for crops. He is mostly trained in areas like crop specialization, animal specialization, farm management specialization, and Biotechnology specialization. The average salary of an agriculturalist ranges from INR 2.4 lakhs – to INR 6 lakhs.

Job ProfileAverage Salary Offered
Teacher INR 5.66 Lakhs
Data Analyst INR 3.56 Lakhs
Medical Coder INR 3.03 Lakhs
Incident Manager INR 6.36 Lakhs
Corporate Communications manager INR 8 Lakhs

Top Recruiters

Here are some of the top recruiters for the position of Botanist:

  • Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy,
  • Forest Research Institute,
  • Wildlife Institute of India,
  • Union Public Service Commission,
  • GBPIHED Recruitment For Research Associate (Botany),
  • Bombay Natural History Society is one of the organizations that hire a botanist.

Thus, we hope that this blog helped you understand the varied concepts and disciplines covered under the MSc Botany syllabus. If you are planning to pursue a Master of Science in Botany but don’t know where to begin, take the help of Leverage Edu’s AI tool to browse through the postgraduate degrees offered in this field across the globe and it will help you narrow down suitable combinations of a course and university that can equip you with the ideal knowledge and exposure into this field of Life Sciences.

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